Expression Profiling of human Fusion-Positive and Fusion-Negative Rhabdomyosarcoma
ABSTRACT: Genome-wide gene expression in 33 fusion-positive and 25 fusion-negative rhabdomyosarcoma cases was studied using GeneChip Human Genome U133 Plus2 (Affymetrix) Fusion-positive versus fusion-negative rhabdomyosarcoma tumors
Project description:The goal of this study was to explore in detail how the chromatin remodeler and NuRD subunit CHD4 controls the oncogenic signature of the tumor driver and fusion protein PAX3-FOXO1 in fusion-positive rhabdomyosarcoma. To this aim, we defined the interactome of CHD4 by LC-MS, identified its location in the genome by ChIP-seq, assessed its influence on DNA accessibility by DNase I hypersensitivity assays, and determined its target genes by RNA-seq.
Project description:To date, there are no known prognostic markers identified in patients with fusion gene-negative rhabdomyosarcoma. This study validates the 5-gene (MG5) signature as a prognostic marker in patients with fusion negative intermediate-risk rhabdomyosarcoma clearly stratifying this otherwise clinically homogenous population of patients into two risk groups based on outcome. In addition, this analysis was performed using nCounter assay on paraffin embedded tissues and the results were concordant to previously published results using frozen tissues in a different patient cohort. Therefore, this work holds tremendous translational relevance as the MG5 signature can be reliably assessed in readily available paraffin embedded tissues of fusion gene-negative rhabdomyosarcoma patients in prospective clinical trials to stratify them into prognostic risk groups as well as to potentially tailor future therapy based on these risk groups.
Project description:We analyzed the expression of two fusion-negative established Rhabdomyosarcoma cell lines. Together with Chip-seq, we were able to identify transcribed loci bound by myogenic regulatory transcription factors (MYF5 and MYOD) that pertain to embryonic muscle development and cell cycle regulation pathways. Keywords: rhabdomyosarcoma, gene expression profiling, RD, Rh18 Overall design: We compared the transcription profiles of 2 FN-RMS cell lines by RNA-seq analysis.
Project description:A series of conditional mouse models of embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma, alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma and spindle cell sarcoma were generated and validated for relavence to corresponding human cancers. Conditional mouse models of embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma, alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma and spindle cell sarcoma were created by activation or deletion of Pax3:Fkhr, p53, Ptch1 or Rb1 genes.
Project description:Results: Using a combination of 4C-seq datasets, we were able to model the three-dimensional organisation of the translocated chromosome in a PAX3:FOXO1 fusion-positive alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma cell line. We show that PAX3 and FOXO1 regulatory landscapes fuse into a novel TAD, allowing the PAX3 promoter to interact ectopically with FOXO1 sequences with potential enhancer function. The borders of this novel TAD correspond to the original 5'- and 3'- borders of the PAX3 and FOXO1 TADs, respectively, suggesting that TAD organisation precedes the formation of regulatory long-range interactions. Conclusions: Our results suggest that the chromosomal translocation that leads to ARMS development generates a novel TAD that favours ectopic PAX3:FOXO1 oncogene activation in non-PAX3 territories, which may be an essential step in the tumorigenic process, as expression in a particular cell type, the often elusive cell-of-origin, may be required for disease development. Overall design: 4C-seq samples for FoxO1 and Pax3 gene promoters in E9.5 whole mouse embryos, as well as for the PAX3 promoter and several ECRs and CTCF binding sites present at the PAX3:FOXO1 locus in the patient-derived alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma (ARMS) cell line RMS.
Project description:Fusion of donor mesenchymal stem cells with parenchymal cells of the recipient can occur in the brain, liver, intestine and heart following transplantation. The therapeutic benefit or detriment of resultant hybrids is unknown. Here we sought a global view of phenotypic diversification of mesenchymal stem cell-cardiomyocyte hybrids and associated time course. Using single-cell RNA-seq, we found hybrids consistently increase ribosome components and decrease genes associated with the cell cycle suggesting an increase in protein production and decrease in proliferation to accommodate the fused state. But in the case of most other gene groups, hybrids were individually distinct. In fact, though hybrids can express a transcriptome similar to individual fusion partners, approximately one-third acquired distinct expression profiles in a single day. Some hybrids underwent reprogramming, expressing pluripotency and cardiac precursor genes latent in parental cells and associated with developmental and morphogenic gene groups. Other hybrids expressed genes associated with ontologic cancer sets and two hybrids of separate experimental replicates clustered with breast cancer cells, expressing critical oncogenes and lacking tumor suppressor genes. Rapid transcriptional diversification of this type garners consideration in the context of cellular transplantation to damaged tissues, those with viral infection or other microenvironmental conditions that might promote fusion. Examination was performed using single-cell RNA-seq of five fusion products (BiFC_D1_F1-5, 24 hours) identified using BiFC, twenty-three fusion products (DC_D1_F1-16, 24 hours; DC_D3_F1-7, 72 hours) identified using dual expression of GFP and mCherry, the parental controls, and the population controls (mMSC_PC and HL1cm_PC). Parental controls included 15 cells of each parental type isolated prior to co-culture (mMSC_1-15 and HL1cm_1-15) and 5 cells of each parental cell type isolated 24 hours after co-culture (mMSC_D1_1-5 and HL1cm_D1_1-5). In addition, a population containing a mixture of both parental cells and fusion products obtained 24 hours after co-culture was included (Mix_D1).
Project description:Oncogenic chimeric transcription factors are central drivers in cancer. To understand how the TCF3-HLF fusion protein rewires the transcriptional landscape in t(17;19) positive leukemia, functional genetic and proteomic experiments were conducted. In this dataset, the protein-protein interactions of the endogenous TCF3-HLF complex were characterized by AP-MS.
Project description:ALK fusion positive tumor constitutes a unique entitiy in lung adenocarcionmas. We compared the allelokaryotypes of ALK fusion positive and negative tumors with SNP array to get insight into the difference of genomic background of them. Copy number analysis with Affymetrix 250K SNP arrays of 35 ALK fusion positive and 95 ALK fusion negative lung adenocarcinomas was performed with annonymous references.
Project description:The purpose of our study was to examine the function of BMI1 in fusion positive and fusion negative rhabdomyosarcoma cell lines and validate these findings in patient tissue. RD and RH30 cell lines were treated with control-siRNA or BMI1-siRNA and the RNA was subsequently sequenced on a HiSeq2500. The resultant sequencing data was used for Gene Set Enrichment Analysis and pathway analysis.