ABSTRACT: 2C embryos were generated from Kdm1a FL/Fl Zp3Cre females mated to wild type males for RNA-seq analysis using the Nugen Ovation RNA-seq system V2 3 replicates of maternal Kdm1a mutant 2C embryos were collected for RNA-seq , compared to wt 2C embryos and wt oocyte samples from Macfarlan TS et al, Nature 2012 (GEO acession GSE33923)
Project description:The growth rate of E. coli decrease continuously with NaCl concentration, however the pattern for metabolic efficiency as measured by optical density is corralated to a change in pattern in transcription data and proteomics.The analysis of the data suggest that between 4.5 and 5% NaCl, the metabolism switched from aerobic to fermentative pathways. The response to osmotic stress is similar to a response to oxidative stress. An example how a stagewise metabolic answer may be the result of continuously increasing stress. Study of the pattern of gene expression as a function of NaCl concentrations (2%, 3.5% -2 replicates-, 4.5%, 5%, 5.5%). To compare the different conditions, cDNA was normalised to genomic DNA, gDNA.
Project description:To understand the mechanism underlying the versatility in transcriptional regulation by Sox2, we compared genome-wide binding sites of Sox2 in embryonic stem (ES) cells and trophoblast stem (TS) cells by chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by high-throughput sequencing (ChIP-seq). A tetracycline-inducible Oct3/4 knockout ES cell line ZHBTc4 was treated with Tet for 4 days in the presence of FGF4 and mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs).
Project description:In this study was determined the global expression pattern of long non-coding RNAs, mRNAs, and miRNAs in pediatric astrocytoma of different histological grades. The Affymetrix HTA 2.0 array showed expression changes on one hundred-sixty two and two hundred-fifteen long non-coding RNAs in tumors (versus the control) and in GBM (versus low-grade astrocytoma), respectively. A total of seven astrocytic tumors and two control tissues were collected during the period of 2012–2014: four low-grade Ast (three pilocytic Ast (PAst) and one diffuse Ast (DAst)) and four high-grade Ast (four glioblastoma multiforme (GBM)).RNA was extracted from tissue samples using TRIzol (Ambion life technologies, Thermo Scientific Inc.) following the methodology described by Hongbao et al. 2008 and with certain modifications described by Vujovic et al. 2013. For expression analysis, Human Transcriptome Array 2.0 (HTA) (Santa Clara, CA, USA) was employed. in this study was determined the global expression pattern of long non-coding RNAs, mRNAs, and miRNAs in pediatric astrocytoma of different histological grades. The HTA 2.0 array showed expression changes on one hundred-sixty two and two hundred-fifteen long non-coding RNAs in tumors (versus the control) and in GBM (versus low-grade astrocytoma), respectively.
Project description:The basic helix-loop-helix factor Myod initiates skeletal muscle differentiation by directly and sequentially activating sets of muscle differentiation genes, including those encoding muscle contractile proteins. We hypothesize that Pbx homeodomain proteins direct Myod to a subset of its transcriptional targets, in particular fast twitch muscle differentiation genes, thereby regulating the competence of muscle precursor cells to differentiate. We have previously shown that Pbx proteins bind with Myod on the promoter of the zebrafish fast muscle gene mylpfa and that Pbx proteins are required for Myod to activate mylpfa expression and the fast-twitch muscle-specific differentiation program in zebrafish embryos. Here we have investigated the interactions of Pbx with another muscle fiber-type regulator, Prdm1a, a SET-domain DNA-binding factor that directly represses mylpfa expression and fast muscle differentiation. The prdm1a mutant phenotype, early and increased fast muscle differentiation, is the opposite of the Pbx-null phenotype, delayed and reduced fast muscle differentiation. To determine whether Pbx and Prdm1a have opposing activities on a common set of genes, we used RNA-seq analysis to globally assess gene expression in zebrafish embryos with single- and double-losses-of-function for Pbx and Prdm1a. We find that the levels of expression of certain fast muscle genes are increased or approximately wild type in pbx2/4-MO;prdm1a-/- embryos, suggesting that Pbx activity normally counters the repressive action of Prdm1a for a subset of the fast muscle program. However, other fast muscle genes require Pbx but are not regulated by Prdm1a. Thus, our findings reveal that subsets of the fast muscle program are differentially regulated by Pbx and Prdm1a. Our findings provide an example of how Pbx homeodomain proteins act in a balance with other transcription factors to regulate subsets of a cellular differentiation program. Total RNA samples were genotyped and pooled for 4 sample types: control-MO;prdm1+/+; control-MO;prdm1-/-; pbx2/4-MO;prdm1+/+; and pbx2/4-MO;prdm1-/- embryos at the 10 somite (s) stage from three independent sets of egg collections/injections.
Project description:The ability of S. epidermidis to withstand the high bactericidal activity of the host’s blood is crucial for its systemic dissemination. Hence, in order to identify genes and pathways involved in the bacterium’s survival in human blood, we have characterized the transcriptome of S. epidermidis biofilms upon contact with human blood. Our results showed that genes whose transcription was increased in blood included those involved in biosynthesis and metabolism of amino acids, small molecules, carboxylic and organic acids, and cellular ketones. One of the striking changes, observed after 4 hours of exposure to human blood, was the increase in the expression of genes involved in iron utilization, suggesting iron acquisition is an important component of S. epidermidis survival in human blood. Twenty-four hour S. epidermidis biofilms were incubated with either whole human blood or tryptic soy broth (TSB) during 2 or 4 hours at 37oC, 5% CO2 and slight agitation. RNA was then extracted and the transcriptomic libraries constructed. Differential gene expression calculations were performed using the transcriptome of biofilms at the start of the culture (T0h) as a control. This experiment was performed twice with blood collected from 6 healthy human donors under a protocol approved by the Partner’s Health Care System Institutional Review Board (Boston, MA, USA).
Project description:Dendritic cells (DC) play a pivotal regulatory role in activation of the innate as well as the adaptive part of the immune system by responding to environmental microorganisms. We have previously shown that some lactobacilli strains induce a strong production of the pro-inflammatory and Th1 polarizing cytokine IL-12 in DC. Contrary, bifidobacteria do not induce IL-12, but are able to inhibit the IL-12 production induced by lactobacilli. In the present study, genome wide microarrays were used to investigate the maturation and gene expression pattern murine bone marrow derived DC stimulated with Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM and Bifidobacterium bifidum Z9. L. acidophilus NCFM strongly induced expression of interferon (IFN)-β, multiple virus defence genes, and cytokine and chemokine genes related to both the adaptive and the innate immune response. Contrary, B. bifidum Z9 mostly up-regulated genes encoding cytokines and chemokines related to the innate immune response. Moreover, B. bifidum Z9 inhibited the expression of the genes initiating the adaptive immune response induced by L. acidophilus NCFM and had an additive effect on genes of the innate immune response and some Th2 skewing genes. The gene encoding Jun dimerization protein 2 (JDP2), a key regulator in cell signalling, was one of the few genes only induced by B. bifidum Z9. Blocking of the JNK1/2 pathway completely inhibited the gene expression of Ifn-β. We suggest that B. bifidum Z9 employs an active mechanism to inhibit induction of genes in DC triggering the adaptive immune system and that JPD2 is involved in the regulatory mechanism. In the experiment saline control, Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM, Bifidobacterium bifidum Z9 or both bacteria were were added to murine dendritic cells and stimulated for 10 hours. Experiments were run in triplicates and analyzed in a Two-way ANOVA design.
Project description:Transcriptomic analysis of ICM and TE from in vivo-derived equine blastocysts using Illumina sequencing technology RNA was extracted from individual equine blastocyst ICM and TE (Arcturus Picopure), cDNA was synthesized and amplified (Nugen Ovation V2) and indexed libraries were created for sequencing (TruSeq DNA V1)
Project description:The type of bacterial culture medium is an important consideration during design of any experimental protocol. The aim of this study was to understand the impact of medium choice on bacterial gene expression and physiology by comparing the transcriptome of Salmonella enterica SL1344 after growth in the widely used LB broth or the rationally designed MOPS minimal medium. Transcriptomics showed that after growth in MOPS minimal media, compared to LB, there was increased expression of 42 genes involved in amino acid synthesis and 23 genes coding for ABC transporters. Seven flagellar genes had decreased expression after growth in MOPS minimal medium and this correlated with a decreased motility. In both MOPS minimal medium and MEM expression of genes from SPI-2 was increased and the adhesion of S. Typhimurium to intestinal epithelial cells was higher compared to the levels after growth in LB. However, SL1344 invasion was not significantly altered by growth in either MOPs minimal media or MEM. Expression of SPI-2 was also measured using chromosomal GFP reporter fusions followed by flow cytometry which showed, for the first time, that the reduction in SPI-2 transcript after growth in different media related to a reduction in the proportion of the bacterial population expressing SPI-2. These data highlight the profound differences in the global transcriptome after in vitro growth in different media and show that choice of medium should be considered carefully during experimental design, particularly when virulence related phenotypes are being measured.
Project description:In order to gain further insight into the molecular mechanism(s) mediating the blunted epinephrine responses following recurrent hypoglycemia we utilized global gene expression profiling approach. Our results indicate the association between defective counterregulation (impaired epinephrine release) and the activation of the unfolded protein response as well as increased neuropeptide signaling, altered ion homeostasis and downregulation of proteins involved in Ca2+-dependent exocytosis of secretory vesicles. We compared the entire transcriptomes during recurrent (defective CRR model, 2RH) and acute hypoglycemia (normal CRR group, 2RS) in the adrenal medulla of normal Sprague-Dawley rats.
Project description:Genome-wide alternative splice analysis of RNA from lupus and its severe form lupus nephritis We aimed to explore the genome-wide peripheral blood transcriptome of lupus (SLE) and its severe form lupus nephritis (LN) cases compared to healthy subjects (HC) using high density Affymetrix Human Exon1.0.ST arrays. Analysis revealed 15 splice variants that are differentially expressed between SLE/HC and 99 variants between LN/HC (p≤0.05,SI>or≤0.5,Benjamin Hochberg-False discovery rate correction). Comparison between LN/SLE revealed 7 variants that are differentially expressed with p≤0.05,SI>0.5,Benjamin Hochberg-FDR correction. Pathway analysis of differentially spliced genes revealed 11 significant pathways in SLE and 12 in LN (p<0.05). Analysis of peripheral blood transcriptome revealed signature causative genes that are alternatively spliced, signifying their clinical relevance in the pathophysiology of disease. The extent of differential splicing was found to be higher in LN than in SLE, signifying the need for further in-depth research in the same domain. Present study is the first to reveal the significance of alternative variants in susceptibility to SLE and LN. We analyzed blood from 11 female subjects (5 lupus, 3 lupus nephritis and 3 healthy control) using the Affymetrix Human Exon 1.0 ST platform. Array data was processed by Alt Analyze and Genespring software. No techinical replicates were performed. One of the outiler sample (HC2) was excluded from further analysis.