MAGE-A1 Promotes Proliferation, Migration and Invasion of Human Melanoma Cells through RNA-SEQ Analysis via Affecting C-JUN-IL8-ARHGAP29 Network
ABSTRACT: To define the role of MAGE-A1 in melanoma growth and metastasis, we performed RNA-seq analysis on MAGE-A1 overexpression (OE) and knockdown (KD) models in A375 human melanoma cell line. Our results revealed that overexpression of MAGE-A1 dramatically promoted proliferation, migration, and invasion of human melanoma cells in vitro and down-regulated of MAGE-A1 inhibited tumor cell proliferation and invasion. Furthermore, MAGE-A1 exerts its tumor promoting activity via activating including ERK-MAPK signaling pathway by RNA-seq analysis. mRNA profiles of MAGE-A1 over expression (OE), knockdown (KD), pcDNA-vector control, and pRNAT-scramble control in A375 cell line were generated using Ion torrent
Project description:IGFBP5, a critical regulators of insulin-like growth factors, has been reported to be involved in many kinds of carcinogenesis and cancer metastases. The role of IGFBP5 in human malignant melanoma (MM), however, remains largely unknown. In this study, we demonstrated that IGFBP5 was aberrantly expressed in human melanoma cells and cancer tissues. Overexpression of IGFBP5 dramatically inhibited the proliferation, migration and invasion of human melanoma cells, whereas knockdown of IGFBP5 by shRNA resulted in the opposite effects, enhanced the cell proliferation, migration and metastasis. In addition, IGFBP5 overexpression suppressed the growth and metastasis of melanoma xenograft tumor in vivo and IGFBP5 overexpression inhibited epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) phenotype and stem cell property of tumor cell, with decreased expression of HIF1α, E-cadherin and stem cell markers NANOG, SOX2, OCT4, KLF4 and CD133. Moreover, IGFBP5 exhibited its growth inhibitory activity through inhibition of extracellular signal-regulated Kinase (ERK) and P38-MAPK signaling pathway. Taken together, our findings indicate that IGFBP5 acts as tumor suppressor roles in MM through the modulation of ERK1/2 and P38-MAPK signaling pathway as well as EMT procession and cell stemness, suggesting IGFBP5 as a novel target for human melanoma diagnosis and therapy. mRNA profiles of IGFBP5 over expression (OE) in A375 and A375 cell line were generated using Ion torrent
Project description:Affymetrix microarray data were generated from A375 melanoma cells treated in vitro with siRNAs against 45 transcription factors and signalling molecules. 45 functionally important molecules were knocked down in A375 melanoma cells by siRNA. Then the gene expression profiles of these A375 cells, along with untreated cells and sRNA control treated cells were analysed by microarrays.
Project description:Transcriptional profiling of human lung adenocarcinoma cells comparing control untreated SPC-A1 cells with SPC-A1 cells treated with 300 µg/ml mAb NJ001 for 36h Two-condition experiment, SPC-A1 vs. NJ001-SPC-A1 cells. Biological replicates: 3 control, 3 treated, independently grown and harvested. One replicate per array.
Project description:The goals of this study were to identify LIN28 downstream gene targets in breast cancer cells. We use a subclone of the MCF-7 breast cancer cell line, MCF-7M as our model system. Methods: mRNA profiles from MCF-7M breast cancer cells treated with siRNA against non-targeting control (NT), LIN28, hnRNP A1, LIN28 and hnRNPA1 (LIN28A1) for 72 hrs were generated by deep sequencing, in duplicate, using Illumina HiSeq 2000. The sequence reads that passed quality filters were analyzed at the transcript isoform level with two methods: Burrows–Wheeler Aligner (BWA) followed by ANOVA (ANOVA) and TopHat followed by Cufflinks. qRT–PCR validation was performed using TaqMan and SYBR Green assays Results: Using an optimized data analysis workflow, we mapped over 200 million sequence reads per sample to the human genome (build h19). Each of the four groups had two biological replicates. We developed a custom method to identify alternative splicing events and identified 111 genes with significant (FDR<0.05) differential splicing for LIN28 depleted cells compared to non-targeting siRNA control, as well as 249 and 182 genes for hnRNP A1 and LIN28A1 respectively. RNA-seq data were validated with by qRT–PCR analysis of a subset of genes. Conclusions: Results reveal that LIN28 regulates alternative splicing and steady state mRNA expression of genes implicated in aspects of breast cancer biology. Notably, cells lacking LIN28 undergo significant isoform switching of the ENAH gene, resulting in a decrease in the expression of ENAH exon 11a isoform. Expression of ENAH isoform 11a has been shown to be elevated in breast cancers that express HER2. mRNA profiles of MCF-7M cells treated with siRNA for NT control, LIN28, hnRNP A1, and LIN28 plus hnRNP A1 (A1) (LIN28A1) were generated by deep sequencing, in duplicate, using Illumina HiSeq 2000
Project description:Purpose: To evaluate the presence of a gene expression signature present before treatment as predictive of response to treatment with MAGE‑A3 immunotherapeutic in metastatic melanoma patients and to validate its predictivity in adjuvant therapy of early-stage lung cancer. Patients were participants in two Phase II studies of the recombinant MAGE‑A3 antigen combined with immunological adjuvants. mRNA from tumor samples (biopsies) collected before MAGE-A3 immunotherapy was analyzed by microarray hybridization and by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The melanoma microarray dataset was used to discover and crossvalidate a gene expression signature and classifier discriminative of Responders (R) versus Non-Responders (NR) patients; the gene signature and classifier were then applied to an adjuvant lung cancer study. Patients that were not included for analysis are denoted as NE (Non-evaluable). GSK Biologicals
Project description:The hnRNP A1 and A2 proteins regulate processes such as alternative pre-mRNA splicing and mRNA stability. Here, we report that a reduction in the levels of hnRNP A1 and A2 by RNA interference or their cytoplasmic retention by osmotic stress drastically increases the transcription of a reporter gene. Based on previous work, we propose that this effect may be linked to a decrease in the activity of the transcription elongation factor P-TEFb. Consistent with this hypothesis, the transcription of the reporter gene was stimulated when the catalytic component of P-TEFb, CDK9, was inhibited with DRB. While low levels of A1/A2 stimulated the association of RNA polymerase II with the reporter gene, they also increased the association of CDK9 with the repressor 7SK RNA, and compromised the recovery of promoter-distal transcription on the Kitlg gene after the release of pausing. Transcriptome analysis revealed that more than 50% of the genes whose expression was affected by the siRNA-mediated depletion of A1/A2 were also affected by DRB. RNA polymerase II-chromatin immunoprecipitation assays on DRB-treated and A1/A2-depleted cells identified a common set of repressed genes displaying increased occupancy of polymerases at promoter-proximal locations, consistent with pausing. Overall, our results suggest that lowering the levels of hnRNP A1/A2 elicits defective transcription elongation on a fraction of P-TEFb-dependent genes, hence favoring the transcription of P-TEFb-independent genes. two treatements and one control
Project description:Analysis of effect of CD10 in melanoma at gene expression level. The hypothesis tested in the present study was that CD10 promotes melanoma tumor progression. Results provide important information of the significant gene expression change between CD10-transfected and mock-transfected A375 cells, such as significantly increased genes included those related to anti-apoptosis, angiogenesis and cell proliferation. Total RNA obtained from CD10-transfected A375 melanoma cells was that from compared to mock-transfected A375 cells.
Project description:Heparanase (HPSE) is an endo-beta-glucuronidase that can cleave heparan sulfate proteoglycans within extracellular matrix, basement membrane or on the cellular surface, closely linked with proliferation, migration, invasion and angiogenesis of tumor cells, and has become a hot treatment target in anti-cancer metastasis. In order to explore the probable mechanism of HPSE-miRNA on melanoma metastasis and to distinguish whether the silence effect on unpredicted genes was due to off-target effect of RNAi, we analyzed and compared genes between the Neg-miRNA transfected A375 cells and HPSE-miRNA1 or HPSE-miRNA2 transfected A375 cells by gene microarray analysis using OneArray(r) slides.
Project description:RNA-seq on NFATC2 knock-down (siRNA) on melanoma cell line A375 Overall design: RNA-seq on the melanoma cell line A375 under two treatment conditions: NFATC2 siRNA and non-targeting control siRNA
Project description:To generate drug signatures in human A375 melanoma cell lines. A375 cell line was plated at 4 x 105 cells/mL overnight and treated with trifluridine or lactimidomycin at 75% inhibitory concentrations (IC75, determined previously at 72h of treatment) or DMSO (vehicle) for 8h or 24h before harvest. Overall design: To find out whether drug signatures generated in human melanoma cell lines are predictive of outcome in melanoma patients, we generated trifluorothymidine(TFT) and lactimidomycin(LTM) signatures in cell lines A375 . The expression of drug signatures were then tested by using GSSA (Gene Signature Survival Analysis) method to find out correlation with clinical outcome of melanoma patients.