Differentially expressed miRNAs in xenografts and organoids derived from human cholangiocarcinoma [miRNA]
ABSTRACT: We established xenografts and organoids derived from human cholangiocarcinoma. To investigate the signature of cancer stem cells, miRNA expression profiles were analyzed in cholangiocarcinoma xenografts and organoids (passage 7). Microarray analyses were conducted in cholangiocarcioma xenografts and organoids (passage 7).
Project description:We established xenografts and organoids derived from human cholangiocarcinoma. To investigate the signature of cancer stem cells, gene expression profiles were analyzed in cholangiocarcinoma xenografts and organoids (passage 7 and 32). Microarray analyses were conducted in cholangiocarcioma xenografts and organoids (passage 7 and 32).
Project description:The miRNAs expression was markedly altered with the treatment of metformin in vivo and various miRNAs induced by metformin also may contribute to tumor growth of cholangiocarcinoma in vivo. Using a custom microarray platform, we analyzed the expression levels of 985 human miRNA probes in the tumorous tissues in vivo that was treated with and without metformin.
Project description:The miRNAs expression was markedly altered with the treatment of galectin-9 in vivo and various miRNAs induced by galectin-9 also may contribute to tumor growth of cholangiocarcinoma in vivo. Using a custom microarray platform, we analyzed the expression levels of 2019 human miRNA probes in the tumorous tissues in vivo that was treated with and without galectin-9.
Project description:Galectin-9 suppresses growth of Li-7 cells, a cell line of human hepatocellular carcinoma, in xenograft model analysis. Micro RNA expression in xenografts of Li-7 cells, a cell line of hepatocellular carcinoma, with or without administration of galectin-9 were assessed.
Project description:Recent studies have demonstrated that micro (mi)RNA molecules can be detected in the circulation and can serve as potential biomarkers of various diseases. This study used microarray analysis to identify aberrantly expressed circulating miRNAs in patients with type 1 autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) compared with healthy controls. Patients with well-documented and untreated AIH were selected from the National Hospital Organization (NHO)-AIH-liver-network database. They underwent blood sampling and liver biopsy with inflammation grading and fibrosis staging before receiving treatment. To further confirm the microarray data, circulating expression levels of miR-21 and miR-122 were quantified by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction in 46 AIH patients, 40 patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC), and 15 healthy controls. Consistent with the microarray data, serum levels of miR-21 were significantly elevated in AIH patients compared with CHC patients and healthy controls. miR-21 and miR-122 serum levels correlated with alanine aminotransferase levels. Circulating levels of miR-21 and miR-122 were significantly reduced in AIH patients with liver cirrhosis, and were inversely correlated with increased stages of fibrosis. By contrast, levels of circulating miR-21 showed a significant correlation with the histological grades of inflammation in AIH. We postulate that aberrantly expressed serum miRNAs are potential biomarkers of AIH and could be implicated in AIH pathogenesis. Alternations of miR-21 and miR-122 serum levels could reflect their putative roles in the mediation of inflammatory processes in AIH. Case-control study, steroid treatment
Project description:To identify molecular biomakers that are useful for diagnosis and its targeting treatment, we compared the gene expression profile of myxiod liposarcoma with that of normal fat tissue. In the present study, we studied about gene expression profiles comparing 6 non-preoperative myxoid liposarcoma with 3 normal fat tissue.
Project description:The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) encodes its own microRNAs (miRNAs); however, their biological roles remain elusive. The commonly used EBV B95-8 strain lacks a 12 kb genomic region, known as BamHI A Rightward Transcripts (BART) locus, which encodes a number of viral miRNAs (BART miRNAs). These miRNAs are expressed abundantly in EBV-positive epithelial malignancies, suggesting that the 12 kb region somehow contributes to EBV-mediated epithelial carcinogenesis. Bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) technology was used to generate an EBV B95-8 strain in which the 12 kb region was fully restored at its native locus (BART-restored virus). HEK293 and AdAH cells infected with either the parental BART-deleted virus or the BART-restored virus were established. The gene expression profiles of these cells were examined to identify cellular target genes of BART miRNAs. Total RNAs of 2 independent v-miRNA-positive HEK293 (or AdAH) cells and 2 independent v-miRNA-negative cells HEK293 (or AdAH) cells were processed for Microarray analysis using 3D-Gene human Oligo chip 25k (Toray, Tokyo, Japan).
Project description:We investigated gene expression profiles of Parkinson disease (PD) patient's fibroblasts that were treated by SNCA expression-control RNAi to see adverse effects of the RNAi treatment. The data suggested no significant adverse effects caused by the treatment. Total RNA samples prepared from PD fibroblasts that were treated by SNCA expression-control RNAi and by non-silencing RNAi as a control.
Project description:To identify molecular biomarkers that are useful for diagnosis and its targeting treatment, we analysed expression profile of synovial sarcoma tissue. In the present study, we studied gene expression profiles comparing 11 cases of synovial sarcoma.