Project description:We established xenografts and organoids derived from human cholangiocarcinoma. To investigate the signature of cancer stem cells, miRNA expression profiles were analyzed in cholangiocarcinoma xenografts and organoids (passage 7). Microarray analyses were conducted in cholangiocarcioma xenografts and organoids (passage 7).
Project description:We established xenografts and organoids derived from human cholangiocarcinoma. To investigate the signature of cancer stem cells, gene expression profiles were analyzed in cholangiocarcinoma xenografts and organoids (passage 7 and 32). Microarray analyses were conducted in cholangiocarcioma xenografts and organoids (passage 7 and 32).
Project description:Recent studies have demonstrated that micro (mi)RNA molecules can be detected in the circulation and can serve as potential biomarkers of various diseases. This study used microarray analysis to identify aberrantly expressed circulating miRNAs in patients with type 1 autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) compared with healthy controls. Patients with well-documented and untreated AIH were selected from the National Hospital Organization (NHO)-AIH-liver-network database. They underwent blood sampling and liver biopsy with inflammation grading and fibrosis staging before receiving treatment. To further confirm the microarray data, circulating expression levels of miR-21 and miR-122 were quantified by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction in 46 AIH patients, 40 patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC), and 15 healthy controls. Consistent with the microarray data, serum levels of miR-21 were significantly elevated in AIH patients compared with CHC patients and healthy controls. miR-21 and miR-122 serum levels correlated with alanine aminotransferase levels. Circulating levels of miR-21 and miR-122 were significantly reduced in AIH patients with liver cirrhosis, and were inversely correlated with increased stages of fibrosis. By contrast, levels of circulating miR-21 showed a significant correlation with the histological grades of inflammation in AIH. We postulate that aberrantly expressed serum miRNAs are potential biomarkers of AIH and could be implicated in AIH pathogenesis. Alternations of miR-21 and miR-122 serum levels could reflect their putative roles in the mediation of inflammatory processes in AIH. Case-control study, steroid treatment
Project description:The miRNAs expression was markedly altered with the treatment of gemcitabine on human CCC cells in vitro. And various miRNAs induced by gemcitabine may contribute to tumor regression in vitro. Using a custom microarray platform, we analyzed the expression levels of 2555 human miRNA probes in the cell lines in vitro that were treated with and without gemcitabine.
Project description:To identify molecular biomakers that are useful for diagnosis and its targeting treatment, we compared the gene expression profile of myxiod liposarcoma with that of normal fat tissue. In the present study, we studied about gene expression profiles comparing 6 non-preoperative myxoid liposarcoma with 3 normal fat tissue.
Project description:The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) encodes its own microRNAs (miRNAs); however, their biological roles remain elusive. The commonly used EBV B95-8 strain lacks a 12 kb genomic region, known as BamHI A Rightward Transcripts (BART) locus, which encodes a number of viral miRNAs (BART miRNAs). These miRNAs are expressed abundantly in EBV-positive epithelial malignancies, suggesting that the 12 kb region somehow contributes to EBV-mediated epithelial carcinogenesis. Bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) technology was used to generate an EBV B95-8 strain in which the 12 kb region was fully restored at its native locus (BART-restored virus). HEK293 and AdAH cells infected with either the parental BART-deleted virus or the BART-restored virus were established. The gene expression profiles of these cells were examined to identify cellular target genes of BART miRNAs. Total RNAs of 2 independent v-miRNA-positive HEK293 (or AdAH) cells and 2 independent v-miRNA-negative cells HEK293 (or AdAH) cells were processed for Microarray analysis using 3D-Gene human Oligo chip 25k (Toray, Tokyo, Japan).
Project description:We investigated gene expression profiles of Parkinson disease (PD) patient's fibroblasts that were treated by SNCA expression-control RNAi to see adverse effects of the RNAi treatment. The data suggested no significant adverse effects caused by the treatment. Total RNA samples prepared from PD fibroblasts that were treated by SNCA expression-control RNAi and by non-silencing RNAi as a control.
Project description:To identify molecular biomarkers that are useful for diagnosis and its targeting treatment, we analysed expression profile of synovial sarcoma tissue. In the present study, we studied gene expression profiles comparing 11 cases of synovial sarcoma.
Project description:Comprehensive gene expression analysis in BM-resident stromal cells was performed for an overview of BM environmental change caused by total body irradiation (TBI). Total RNA samples collected from BM-resident stromal cells with or without TBI were subjected to high sensitivity DNA microarray assays Three-condition experiment: Unirradiated, 1 day after TBI and 3 days after TBI. Bone marrow stromal cells were obtained from C57BL/6 mice (n = 6) either non-irradiated or after 9.5 Gy irradiation at indicated times.
Project description:The change of mRNA expression in murine immortalized podocyte were analyzed after miR-26a silencing. These results provide a basical information of molecular pathology in podocyte biology. Mouse podocytes immortalized by temperature sensitive SV40 were used. Podocyte cultures grown at 33 °C were trypsinized and then cultured with RPMI-1640 without antibiotics in 24-well plates at 60–70% confluence for 2 days. On day 3, an anti-miR negative control (40 pmol) or the miR-26a miRNA inhibitor (40 pmol) was transfected to podocytes. The cells were analyzed after culturing for 24 hour.