Project description:We discovered that the Saccharomyces cerevisiae lysine demethylase, Jhd2 (also known as KDM5), recruits 3'UTR processing machinery and promotes alteration of 3'UTR length in a demethylase-dependent manner. Interaction of Jhd2 with both chromatin and RNA suggests that Jhd2 affects selection of polyadenylation sites through a transcription-coupled mechanism. Wild-type yeast or yeast with JHD2 deleted were grown to mid-log phase. ChIP analysis performed for H3K4me3, Pol2, IgG.
Project description:Ptch1 is a critical negative feedback regulator of the Hedgehog signaling and is upregulated in response to pathway activation. How tissue specific responses are mediated remains unknown. Here, we performed ChIP-seq analysis for epitope-tagged endogenous Gli3 protein to identify limb-specific binding regions within the 500 kb region surrounding Ptch1. ChIP was carried out using an endogenously FLAG-tagged Gli3 protein.
Project description:We performed ChIP-seq analyses for WT, H3K9M mutant and clr4 mutant in Schizosaccharomyces pombe, and showed that H3K9me3 level was reduced to background levels across the entire genome, similar to clr4 mutant.
Project description:Sirtuins (Sirt) are a family of enzymes that modify chromatin and other proteins to affect gene activity. Loss of Sirt6 leads to a progeria-like phenotype in mice, but the target of SIRT6 action has been elusive. Here we show that Sirt6 binds to thousands of gene promoters in a stress-inducible fashion, guided by the stress-responsive transcription factor NF-κB. Chromatin profiling by ChIP-chip analysis of Sirt6 and NF-KB component RelA combined with expression array data of wildtype, Sirt6 knockout and Sirt6 RelA double knockout cells demonstrates that RelA recruits Sirt6 to NF-KB targets in response to TNF-a induction and that many of these targets are important for senescence and aging. comparison of wild type, RelA -/- and Sirt6-/- MEF cells
Project description:In the vertebrate neural tube, regional Sonic hedgehog (Shh) signaling invokes a time- and concentration-dependent induction of six different cell populations mediated through Gli transcriptional regulators. Elsewhere in the embryo, Shh/Gli responses invoke different tissue appropriate regulatory programs. To elucidate Shh/Gli regulation of neural fate sepcification, we performed Gli1 ChIP-Seq analysis. We further analyzed two transcription factors whose motifs were enriched in Gli1 ChIP data (Sox2 and Foxa2). Two active histone marks (H3K4me2 and H3K27ac) were additionally analyzed to study activity status of Shh-responsive cis-elements. Active enhancer histone marks and transcription factor binding patterns were obtained from neuralized emrbyoid bodies. Biological replicates were performed for Gli1 and mock FLAG chips. Histone profiling for enhancer marks were taken from time course experiment performed in parallel.
Project description:ChIP-seq experiment for histone H3 and H3K4me3 from wild-type Saccharomyces cerevisiae (WT) and strains in which H3K14 has been substituted for alanine (K14A) or H3P16 has been substituted with valine (P16V).
Project description:A defining characteristic of quiescent cells is their low level of gene activity compared to growing cells. Using a yeast model for cellular quiescence, we compared the genome-wide profiles of multiple histone modifications between growing and quiescent cells, and correlated these profiles with the presence of RNA polymerase II and its transcripts. Quiescent cells retained several forms of histone methylation normally associated with transcriptionally active chromatin and had many transcripts in common with growing cells. Quiescent cells also contained high levels of RNA polymerase II, but only low levels of the canonical initiating and elongating forms of the polymerase. The data suggest that the transcript and histone methylation marks in quiescent cells were either inherited from growing cells or established early during the development of quiescence and then retained in this non-growing cell population. This might ensure that quiescent cells can rapidly adapt to a changing environment to resume growth. Immunoprecipitation experiments were carried out for Pol II, H3K36me3, H3K4me3, H3K79me3 and H3 separately using both Log-phase and Quiescent cells. Each ChIP-chip assay was conducted using a control (IN) and in all instances, at least one replicate experiment was performed.
Project description:In the ciliated protozoan Tetrahymena, de novo heterochromatin body formation is accompanied by programmed DNA elimination. Here, we show that the novel heterochromatin body component Jub1p promotes heterochromatin body formation and dephosphorylation of the Heterochromatin Protein 1 (HP1)-like protein Pdd1p. Through the identification and mutagenesis of the phosphorylated residues of Pdd1p, we demonstrate that Pdd1p dephosphorylation promotes the electrostatic interaction between Pdd1p and RNA in vitro and heterochromatin body formation in vivo. We therefore suggest that heterochromatin bodies are assembled by the Pdd1p-RNA interaction. Jub1p and Pdd1p dephosphorylation are required for heterochromatin body formation and DNA elimination but not for local heterochromatin assembly, indicating that heterochromatin body of itself plays an essential role in DNA elimination. New macronuclei (MACs) of exconjugants were isolated from wild-type different mutant cells at 12 hpm, shared chromatin was immunoprecipitated and precipitated DNA was analyzed by high-throughput sequencing.