Antagonizing miR-128 abrogates chemoresistance-associated metastasis and is therapeutic in non-small cell lung cancer [miRNA]
ABSTRACT: This experiment is designed to screen miRNAs that are deregulated during chemoresistance-associated metastasis of lung cancer cells. Chemoresistant metastatic in vivo tumor model of A549-luc-Vector cells was established after four rounds of cisplatin (CDDP) treatments compared to corresponding control solvent treatments. Upon examining profiles of miRNA expression differential between tumor-derived cultured cells from the Ctrl-4th and CDDP-4th treatments, most markedly upregulated and downregulated miRNAs in chemoresistant, metastatic A549-luc-CDDP-4th cells were identified. In order to establish a chemoresistant in vivo tumor model, after inoculation of A549-luc-Vector cells, cisplatin (CDDP) or control solvent was intraperitoneally (i.p.) injected six rounds in a two-week period and cells were isolated from corresponding resultant tumors, cultured and re-transplanted into syngeneic mice to receive the next round of treatment. In our experimental model, human lung cancer xenografts developed chemoresistance in the third round of CDDP treatment (CDDP-3rd) and chemoresistance-associated metastases following the fourth round of treatment. Tumor-derived cultured cells from Ctrl-4th and CDDP (cisplatin)-4th treatment were subjected to miRNA array (Agilent-031181 human miRNA (8*60k) V16.0) analysis, with two biological replications for each treatment.
Project description:The plasticity of cancer stem cells (CSCs)/tumor-initiating cells (T-ICs) indicates that multiple CSC/T-IC subpopulations exist within a tumor and multiple oncogenic pathways collaborate to maintain the CSC/T-IC state. Here, we aimed to enrich for T-ICs from clinical ESCC tissues. A chemoresistant human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patient-derived xenograft model was employed to identify miRNA(s) that contribute to ESCC aggressiveness. We used microarrays to demenstrate the microRNA expression underlying different pretreated conditions. NOG mice bearing subcutaneous tumor xenografts derived from clinical ESCC cells were intraperitoneally treated with CDDP or PBS twice weekly for three weeks. Tumor cells were then isolated and re-inoculated subcutaneously into NOG mice for the next round of treatment. In the 4th round of treatment, the volume of tumors in both CDDP- and PBS-treated groups were approximately the same, suggesting that the cells in CDDP-treated tumors were becoming resistant to CDDP. microRNA expression was measured by RNA extraction from cisplatin-treated tumors (EC-CR) or PBS-treated tumors(EC-UT) after 4 round of treatment,two microarrays were performed for each sample.
Project description:This experiment is designed to evaluate gene expression alteration and significant pathway(s) following miR-128 transduction in A549 lung cancer cells. We find several significant pathways, including the Wnt/β-catenin signaling and TGF-β signaling activated by miR-128 overexpression. Total RNA were extracted from A549 lung cancer cells stably transduced with miR-128 precursor or vector control and subjected to mRNA microarray (Agilent-014850 Whole Human Genome Microarray 4x44K) analysis, with two biological replications for each treatment.
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE39356: MiR-374a Promotes Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition (EMT) and Metastasis of Breast Cancer (mRNA dataset) GSE39358: MiR-374a Promotes Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition (EMT) and Metastasis of Breast Cancer (miRNA dataset) Refer to individual Series
Project description:This experiment is designed to screen miRNAs that are deregulated during breast cancer metastasis. Comparatively analyzing miRNAs in parental MDA-MB-435 cells and cells obtained from its lung metastases, 23 miRNAs expressed differentially, among which 12 were elevated and 11 were down-regulated. Total RNA were extracted from parental MDA-MB-435 cells and cells obtained from its lung metastases after 30 days inoculation. Two biological replications for each treatment.
Project description:This experiment is designed to evaluate gene expression alterations following miR-374a transduction in breast cancer cells. We find a significant elevation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling transcriptional targets. Total RNA were extracted from MCF-7 breast cancer cells stably transduced with miR-374a precursor or vector control. Two biological replications for each treatment.
Project description:This experiment is design to evaluate genomic alteration following stably expression of miR-1245, stably knock down of BRCA2 is setup as a positive control Primary normal breast epithelial cells (NBEC) were collected from the mammoplasty material of a 30-year-old woman at the Department of Plastic Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University (P. R. China), in accordance with rules and regulations concerning ethical issues on research use of human subjects in China, and were cultured in the Keratinocyte serum-free medium (Invitrogen, Carlsbad, CA) supplemented with epithelial growth factor, bovine pituitary extract and antibiotics (120 µg/mL streptomycin and 120 µg/mL penicillin). NBEC were infected with virus produced from retro vector pMSCV-miR1245 or empty pMSCV vector; or pSuper Retro BRCA2 shRNA, or pSuper Retro empty vector. After 2 days infection and 3 days culture, genomic DNA was isolated using the QIAamp DNA Mini Kit (QIAGENE, Valencia, CA). CGH microarray hybridization, data generation and normalization were performed in Shanghai Biochip Corporation.
Project description:Ovarian cancer cells treated with CDDP showed up-regulation of IRF-1 and IRF-7. The expression of putative IRF-1 target genes was modulated. CDDP triggered nuclear translocation of IRF-1 and IRF-1 silencing re-orchestrated the expression profiles of CDDP treated cells. Using microarrays, we evaluated the expression profiles of IRF-1 silenced SK-OV-3.
Project description:For the purpose of analyzing mechanisms related to the cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (CDDP) resistance in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (head and neck SCC), we employed a nasal squamous cell carcinoma (nasal SCC) cell line RPMI2650 and its CDDP resistant substrain RPMI2650CR previously described. The identification of the resistance-related microRNA (miR) clusters was conducted between RPMI2650CR and RPMI2650 using microRNA microarray. microRNA expression of parental and CDDP resistant was measured with or without CDDP treatment in duplicate.
Project description:Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is often treated with cisplatin (CDDP). Here, we report that two distinct poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitors exhibited a hyperadditive combination effect with CDDP to kill NSCLC cells. A majority of CDDP-resistant cell lines and clones exhibited constitutively increased PARP expression and enzymatic activity. Cells with hyperactivated PARP initiated a DNA damage response and the intrinsic pathway of apoptosis in response to pharmacological PARP inhibition or PARP1-targeting siRNAs. Transcriptome analysis depicted an unsupervised hierarchical clustering of NSCLC cells and CDDP resistant counterparts regarding to their response to PARP inhibitors. PARP-overexpressing tumors displayed elevated levels of intracellular poly(ADP-ribose) (PAR), which predicted the response to PARP inhibitors in vitro and in vivo more accurately than PARP expression itself. Thus, CDDP-resistant cancer cells develop a dependency to PARP, becoming susceptible to PARP inhibitor-induced apoptosis.