Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

423

Transcription profiling by high throughput sequencing of pancreatic islets isolated from free fatty acid receptor 3 knockout (Ffar3 KO) and wild type (Ffar3 WT) male mice


ABSTRACT: The short chain fatty acid (SCFA) receptor (free fatty acid receptor-3; FFAR3) is expressed in pancreatic beta cells; however, its role in insulin secretion is not clearly defined. Here, we examined the role of FFAR3 in insulin secretion. Using islets from global knockout FFAR3 (Ffar3-/-) mice, we explored the role of FFAR3 and ligand-induced FFAR3 signaling on glucose stimulated insulin secretion. RNA sequencing was also performed to gain greater insight into the impact of FFAR3 deletion on the islet transcriptome. First exploring insulin secretion, it was determined that Ffar3-/- islets secrete more insulin in a glucose-dependent manner as compared to wildtype (WT) islets. Next, exploring its primary endogenous ligand, propionate, and a specific agonist for FFAR3, signaling by FFAR3 inhibited glucose-dependent insulin secretion, which occurred through a Gαi/o pathway. To help understand these results, transcriptome analyses by RNA-sequencing of Ffar3-/- and WT islets observed multiple genes with well known roles in islet biology to be altered by genetic knockout of FFAR3. Our data shows that FFAR3 signaling mediates glucose stimulated insulin secretion through Gαi/o sensitive pathway. Future studies are needed to more rigorously define the role of FFAR3 by in vivo approaches. Analysis of total RNA from 3 biological replicates of pancreatic islets isolated from free fatty acid receptor 3 knockout (Ffar3 KO) and wildtype (Ffar3 WT) male mice

REANALYSED by: E-GEOD-67991

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Medha Priyadarshini   Brian Layden  Brian T Layden 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-67991 | ArrayExpress | 2016-07-03

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): SRP057302GSE67991PRJNA281457

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress, ENA

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Publications

FFAR3 modulates insulin secretion and global gene expression in mouse islets.

Priyadarshini Medha M   Layden Brian T BT  

Islets 20150619 2


The short chain fatty acid (SCFA) receptor (free fatty acid receptor-3; FFAR3) is expressed in pancreatic β cells; however, its role in insulin secretion is not clearly defined. Here, we examined the role of FFAR3 in insulin secretion. Using islets from global knockout FFAR3 (Ffar3(-/-)) mice, we explored the role of FFAR3 and ligand-induced FFAR3 signaling on glucose stimulated insulin secretion. RNA sequencing was also performed to gain greater insight into the impact of FFAR3 deletion on the  ...[more]

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