Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

11

Response of HK-2 cells to stimulation with IL6 and TNF-alpha (90 minutes)


ABSTRACT: Abstract: Human kidney function declines with age, accompanied by stereotyped changes in gene expression and histopathology, but the mechanisms underlying these changes are largely unknown. We compared age-associated changes in global gene expression patterns in the human kidney with genome-wide maps of transcription factor occupancy in human cell lines to identify potential regulators of gene expression changes in the aging kidney. The strongest associations involved three inflammation-associated transcription factors: NFκB, STAT1 and STAT3. We found that the activity of these transcription factors increases with age in epithelial compartments of the renal cortex. Stimulation of renal tubular epithelial cells with the inflammatory cytokines IL-6 (a STAT3 activator), IFN-γ (a STAT1 activator), or TNFα (an NFκB activator) recapitulated age-associated gene expression changes. We found that common DNA variants in the two genes that encode the subunits of the canonical NFκB transcription factor (RELA and NFKB1) showed significant associations with kidney function and chronic kidney disease in gene association studies, providing the first evidence for a direct link between genetic variation in NFκB and individual differences in age-related phenotypes in the kidney. Our results point to chronic inflammation, mediated by NFκB, STAT1 and STAT3, as a dominant mechanism influencing gene expression changes during kidney aging. Biological triplicate experiments were performed for each cytokine treatment condition or control treatment.

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Zach K O'Brown   Zach Klapholz O'Brown 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-68940 | ArrayExpress | 2015-07-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE68940PRJNA284139

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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