ABSTRACT: To study the gene expression profiles of brown (BAT) and white (WAT) adipose tissues in wild type and LR11-deficeint mice. The four RNA sources, WT scWAT, Lr11 -/- scWAT, WT BAT and Lr11 -/- BAT, were prepared from subcutaneous WAT and BAT from wild-type mice and Lr11 -/- mice, respectively (n=3 each).
Project description:To identify the target genes of integrated stress reponse (ISR) in WAT and BAT, we have employed whole genome microarray expression in WAT and BAT specific Fv2E-PERK transgenic mice. The mAP::Fv2E-PERK transgenic mice were injected by AP20187 or mock.
Project description:ob/ob mice is an obese mice. CIDE family proteins including Cidea, Cideb and Cidec play important role in lipid metabolism. Cidea is mainly expressed in the brown adipose tissue (BAT). Cidec is mainly expressed in the BAT and white adipose tissue (WAT). We generated ob/ob/Cidea-/-/Cidec-/- mice to investigate the phenotype of fat tissue. ob/ob/Cidea-/-/Cidec-/- mice are lean when compared with ob/ob mice. The tissue weight and TAG content of BAT and WAT was extreamly decreased in ob/ob/Cidea-/-/Cidec-/- mice compared with that in ob/ob mice. We next extract the total RNA from the BAT and WAT of ob/ob and ob/ob/Cidea-/-/Cidec-/- mice, to perform microarray analysis using Mouse Gene 1.0 ST array system, Affymetrix. We then analysised the up-regulated and down regulated pathways. Overall design: We extract the RNA of BAT and WAT from 4 month old mice and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays. We then analysis the data.
Project description:CD44 expression has been shown to be enhanced in the liver and white adipose tissue (WAT) during obesity, suggesting a possible regulatory role for CD44 in metabolic syndrome. To study this hypothesis, we compared the gene expression profiles in liver and in WAT between WT and CD44 knockout (CD44KO) mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD) for 21 weeks. This analysis demonstrated that several genes associated with triglyceride synthesis and accumulation, including Mogat2, Cidea, Cidea, Apoa4, and Elovl7, were decreased in the livers of CD44KO mice compared to WT mice. Many genes encoding pro-inflammatory chemokines and chemokine receptors also were decreased in the livers of CD44KO mice. Analysis with WAT showed that genes associated with triglyceride accumulation, including Fasn, Elovl6 and Mogat2, were increased in WAT of CD44KO(HFD) mice compared to WT(HFD) mice. Moreover, many genes associated with inflammation, including cytokines (Cxcl14, Cxcl12, Il33, and Il2), cytokine receptors (Ccr1, Il6ra, Il10rb), trypases (Tpsb2, Tpsab1, Tpsg1), and cellular matrix proteins (Integrin α4 (Itga4), ItgaM, Itgb2), were decreased in WAT of CD44(HFD) compared to WT(HFD) mice. This study indicates that CD44 plays a critical role in regulating several aspects of metabolic syndrome. Liver and white adipose tissue (WAT) total RNAs were purified from 5 WT and 5 CD44 knockout mice fed with a high-fat diet for 21 weeks. Then, samples were applied on Agilent mouse genome chips.
Project description:We run microarrays from three per group Sv129 female mice, ten weeks old, which were maintained at 28°C (warm conditions) or 6° C (cold stimulated) for ten days, while standard animal house temperature is 22 °C. After ten days, three types of tissue were collected: Brown Adipose Tissue (BAT), Mesenteric (visceral) White Adipose Tissue (MES) and Posterior Subcutaneous White Adipose Tissue (WAT) Different adipose tissue depots were taken for RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays. We sought to determine the differences between white and brown adipose tissues at different temperatures
Project description:We demonstrated that RORa-deficient staggerer mice (RORasg/sg) fed with a high fat diet (HFD) showed reduced adiposity and hepatic triglyceride levels compared to wild type (WT) littermates and were resistant to the development of hepatic steatosis, adipose-associated inflammation, and insulin resistance. Gene expression profiling showed that many genes involved in triglyceride synthesis and storage, including Cidec, Cidea, and Mogat1, were expressed at much lower levels in liver of RORasg/sg mice. In addition to reduced lipid accumulation, inflammation was greatly diminished in white adipose tissue (WAT) of RORasg/sg mice fed with a HFD. The infiltration of macrophages and the expression of many immune-response and pro-inflammatory genes, including those encoding various chemo/cytokines, toll-like receptors, and TNF signaling proteins, were significantly reduced in RORasg/sg WAT. Moreover, RORasg/sg mice fed with a HFD were protected from the development of insulin resistance. Together, these results indicate that RORa plays a critical role in the regulation of several aspects of metabolic syndrome. Therefore, RORa may provide a novel therapeutic target in the management of obesity and associated metabolic diseases. Liver and white adipose tissue (WAT) total RNAs were purified from 5 WT and 5 RORasg/sg (natural deletion of RORa gene in mice) mice fed with a high fat diet for 6 weeks. Then samples were applied on Agilent mouse genome chip.
Project description:Brown and beige fats generate heat via uncoupled respiration to defend against cold, mechanistically, through the action of a network of transcription factors and cofactors. Here we globally profiled long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) gene expression during thermogenic adipocyte formation and identified Brown fat lncRNA 1 (Blnc1) as a novel nuclear lncRNA that promotes brown and beige adipocyte differentiation and function by forming a feedforward regulatory loop with EBF2 to drive adipogenesis toward thermogenic phenotype. LncRNAs expression were measured in BAT and WAT from mice injected saline/CL and during brown adipocyte differentiation with two replicates using Arraystar Mouse LncRNA microarray V2.0
Project description:The goal of this study was to identify and characterize of miRNA in the regulation of inflammatory responses of high-fat induced inflammation mouse model. In this study, we established a mouse model of high-fat-diet-induced inflammation to gain understanding on the biological functions deregulated by aberrant gene expression based on miRNA and mRNA expression profiling analysis. And then we looked for direct miRNA targets by performing pair-wise correlation coefficient analysis on expression levels of mRNAs and by comparing these results with predicted miRNA targets from TargetScan5.1. A subset of the mice from the Chow and HFD groups were killed after 3 months and 9 months. All animals were weighed and anesthetized with ether. Serum was then obtained from the retro-orbital cavity, and mice were killed before liver tissue collection.
Project description:To understand the mechanism of extended lifespan in hNAG-1 mice, we used whole genome microarray analysis to examine differential gene expression in abdominal WAT in hNAG-1 mice. Differential category expression analysis may show significant differences between hNAG-1 mice and WT mice in key pathways in the regulation of metabolism and mammalian lifespan. In addition, To explore the reason why hNAG-1 mice are leaner than Wt littermates. A total of 6 animals from each genotype were used and WAT was extacted from each mouse, we then pooled two sample as one sample for each genotype to be used in microarray experiment.
Project description:Background: Brown and white adipose tissues (BAT and WAT) play critical roles in controlling energy homeostasis and in the development of obesity and diabetes. Fsp27 is expressed in both BAT and WAT and promotes lipid storage and the development of obesity and diabetes. In addition, Fsp27-deficient white adipocytes acquired certain BAT-like properties including reduced lipid droplet size and increased mitochondrial activity. Using microarray and semi-quantitative real-time PCR analyses, we systematically analyzed the gene expression profile in Fsp27-deficient WAT and BAT. Results: We observed that BAT-selective genes were significantly up-regulated, whereas WAT-selective genes were down-regulated in the WAT of Fsp27-/- mice. Expression levels of BAT-selective genes were also dramatically up-regulated in the WAT of leptin and Fsp27 double deficient mice. Furthermore, we observed that expression levels of genes in multiple metabolic pathways including oxidative phosphorylation, the TCA cycle and fatty acid synthesis and oxidation were increased in the Fsp27-/- WAT. In contrast, expression levels for extracellular matrix remodeling, the classic complement pathway and TGF-β signaling"were down-regulated in the WAT of Fsp27-/- mice. Most importantly, regulatory factors that determine BAT identity such as CEBPα/β, PRDM16 and major components in the cAMP pathway were markedly up-regulated in the WAT of Fsp27-/- mice. Interestingly, we observed distinct gene expression profiles in the BAT of Fsp27-/- mice. Conclusion: Our data suggest that Fsp27 acts at upstream to control gene expression of diverse pathways, in particular the expression of regulatory factors that determine the identity of BAT and WAT. Therefore, Fsp27 is an important molecular determinant for the identity of WAT, and loss of Fsp27 leads to the conversion of WAT to a BAT-like tissue. Total RNAs were extracted from individual gonadal WAT of five pairs of 3-month-old wild-type and Fsp27-null male mice. Equal amounts of RNA from five pairs of mice with each genotype were pooled to form RNA pools (total 45 μg). Duplicate experiments were carried out.