Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

298

Selective Death in Spinal Muscular Atrophy: Genome-Wide RNA-Seq Using Purified Patient-Derived Motor Neurons


ABSTRACT: Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) is well-known to be caused by mutations in the gene Survival of Motor Neuron 1 (SMN1). Because this gene is ubiquitously expressed, it remains poorly understood why motor neurons (MNs) are one of the most affected cell types. To begin to address this question, we carried out RNA-sequencing studies using fixed, antibody-labeled and purified MNs produced from control and SMA patient-derived induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). We found SMA-specific changes in MNs, including hyper-activation of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress pathway and enhanced apoptosis. Functional studies demonstrated that inhibition of ER stress improves overall MN health and survival in vitro even in MNs with low SMN levels. In SMA mice, we show that systemic delivery of an ER stress inhibitor that crosses the blood-brain-barrier led to preservation of MNs in the spinal cord and prolonged survival of these mice. Therefore, our study implies that selective activation of ER stress underlies MN death in SMA. Moreover, the approach we have taken would be broadly applicable to studying disease-prone human cells in heterogeneous cultures. total RNA collected from ES cell and patient ES cell derived spinal motor neurons

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Shi-Yan Ng   David G Hendrickson 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-69175 | ArrayExpress | 2015-09-01

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): SRP058640GSE69175PRJNA284753

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress, ENA

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