LncRNA expression profiling for 6 human monocytes samples from Coronary Artery Disease patients and non Coronary Artery Disease patients
ABSTRACT: The human LncRNA microarray analysis of the 6 monocytes samples from Coronary Artery Disease patients and non Coronary Artery Disease 3 Coronary Artery Disease patients and 3 non-Coronary Artery Disease donors
Project description:The human LncRNA microarray analysis of the 6 plasma samples from Coronary Artery Disease patients and non Coronary Artery Disease Agilent Feature Extraction software (version 188.8.131.52) was used to analyze acquired array images. Quantile normalization was performed using Expander6 and subsequent data processing was performed using the GeneSpring GX v11.5.1 software package (Agilent Technologies). After low intensity filtering, LncRNAs and mRNAs that at least 2 out of 12 samples have flags in Present or Marginal (“All Targets Value”) were chosen for quantile normalization and further data analysis. Differentially expressed LncRNAs and mRNAs with statistical significance were identified through Volcano Plot filtering. Pathway analysis and GO analysis were applied to determine the roles of these differentially expressed mRNAs played in these biological pathways or GO terms. Finally, Hierarchical Clustering was performed to show the distinguishable LncRNAs expression pattern among samples.
Project description:Upon activation, platelets release a host of soluble and vesicular signals, collectively termed the ‘platelet releasate’ (PR). The contents of this PR play a significant role in haemostasis, inflammation, and pathologic sequelae. Despite this, proteomic studies investigating the PR in coronary artery disease have not been performed. We undertook a comparative label-free quantitative (LFQ) proteomic profiling of the 1U/ml thrombin-induced PR from 13 acute coronary syndrome (ACS-STEMI) versus 14 stable angina pectoris patients using a tandem mass spectrometry approach. We identified differentially released platet proteins including tetranectin (CLEC3B), protein disulfide-isomerase-A3 (PDIA3), coagulation factor V (F5) and fibronectin (FN1). Strikingly, all 9 differential proteins were associated with the GO cellular component term ‘extracellular vesicle’ and reduced levels of EVs were detected in plasma of ACS-STEMI patients. Network analysis revealed 3 PR proteins either reduced (F5; FN1) or absent (CLEC3B) in ACS-STEMI patients, which are strongly connected to both the clotting cascade and major druggable targets on platelets. This moderated signature highlights the possible basis of platelet dysfunction in ACS-STEMI and may prove useful for non-invasive risk assessment of the progression of coronary artery disease.
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE20680: Whole Blood Cell Gene Expression Profiling in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease from the Cathgen Registry GSE20681: Whole Blood Cell Gene Expression Profiling in Patients with Coronary Artery Disease from the PREDICT Trial Refer to individual Series
Project description:We took samples of subcutaneous adipose tissue from the sternum (SAT) and epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) from a site adjacent to the right coronary artery in cases with coronary disease and controls without coronary disease. Cases had significant coronary disease and were undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery. Controls all had coronary angiograms and did not have significant coronary disease. Overall design: Case control study
Project description:Global gene expression profile of whole blood in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) showed significant upregulation of 343 genes and down regulation of 151 genes as compared to controls (p<0.05). There was predominant differential regulation of inflammatory and immune response genes as well as early growth response genes in our dataset. Of the ten candidate genes selected for validation by real time PCR in an independent cohort, CXCL1, EGR3, IL8, PTGS2 and CD69 genes were up regulated and IFNG and FASLG down regulated in cases relative to controls. We selected 13 patients with angiographically confirmed coronary artery disease (CAD) between ages 40 - 55 years and 11 population-based asymptomatic controls with normal ECG and matched for age, gendre and common risk factors such as diabetes and hypertension to that of the cases. Global gene expression profiling was performed on the Agilent microarray platform.
Project description:To date there is no clear explanation as to how Chlamydia pneumoniae heat shock protein 60 (cHSP60) gets activated either through TLR-2/4, MAPKinase (p38/JNK/ERK), apoptotic/antiapoptotic, chemokines and inflammatory cytokines pathways leading to coronary artery disease (CAD). Hence to better understanding towards cHSP60 signaling in CAD patients, we performed experiments at RNA levels in cHSP60 positive and negative groups of CAD patients. For the determination of positivity for C. pneumoniae, Helicobacter pylori, Cytomegalovirus and Herpes Simplex Virus in atheromatous plaque multiplex Real Time PCR was performed. Monoplex Real Time PCR was also performed with 16S rRNA and HSP60 gene Chlamydia pneumoniae. Further study was performed only on cHSP60 positive (negative for H. pylori, CMV & HSV-1) and cHSP60 negative (also negative for H. pylori, CMV & HSV-1) CAD patients. 1. Patients Forty patients (28 males, 12 females) in age group (51±13 year) attending Department of Cardio Thoracic & Vascular Surgery, Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi from September 2007 to April 2008 were enrolled in the study. These patients had manifestations of CAD and were undergoing open by-pass heart surgery. Prior written consent was obtained from each patient. The study received clearance from Ethical committee, Safdarjung hospital. Patients who had a recent acute coronary syndrome or transient ischemic attack were not included in our study. 2. Atheroma collection and handling Atheromatous tissue were collected in aseptic conditions and placed in 30 ml transport medium immediately upon resection. Three types of transport medium were used for tissue: viz. Dulbecco?s phosphate-buffered saline (PBS; Gibco Life Technologies, Paisley, Scotland) for DNA, RNA later (Ambion Inc., Woodward st. Austin, Texas, USA) for RNA and optimum cutting temperature compound (Sigma, St. Louis, MO, USA) for protein. 3. Atheroma DNA & RNA isolation and testing Total DNA was isolated for checking the positivity for C. pneumoniae from atheromatous plaques as described earlier . Total RNA from the atheroma samples were isolated using RNeasy fibrous tissue mini kit (Qiagen Sciences, Maryland, USA) and the concentration was determined by a RNA dye-binding assay (Pico-Green, Molecular Probes, Eugene, OR). For cDNA synthesis, RETRO script (Ambion Inc., Woodward st. Austin, Texas, USA) was used as per manufacturer instructions. For detecting positivity for C. pneumoniae, Helicobacter pylori, Cytomegalovirus and Herpes Simplex Virus in atheromatous plaques, multiplex RT-PCR was performed [as describe in reference 1]. Monoplex RT PCR amplification primers and probes were custom designed by Applied Biosystems (Foster City, CA, USA). Briefly, sequences for the 16S rRNA and HSP60 gene of the organisms of interest were aligned and inspected for regions of conserved and variable sequences. 4. Microarray experiment Further study was performed only on cHSP60 positive (negative for H. pylori, CMV & HSV-1) and cHSP60 negative (also negative for H. pylori, CMV & HSV-1) CAD patients. cHSP60 positive samples represented the test samples and cHSP60 negative samples represented the control samples. 3 samples were analysed: samples 17 and 23 were biological replicates of test samples and also performed in duplicate as technical replicates, and sample 26 was a control sample and was also performed in duplicate as a technical replicate. Reference 1. Hem C Jha, Pragya Srivastava, Aabha Divya , Jagdish Prasad, Aruna Mittal. Prevalence of Chlamydophila pneumoniae is higher in aorta and coronary artery than in carotid artery of coronary artery disease patients. APMIS, 2009: 117 (12): 905-911.
Project description:The identification of classic risk factors for coronary artery disease unveiled pathophysiologic mechanisms of atherosclerosis. Among them, inflammation as a systemic process measurable in peripheral blood plays a central role in plaque progression. However, other mechanisms of plaque progression remain to be fully understood. Therefore, this study sought to further investigate systemic correlates of plaque progression by global gene expression in peripheral blood. Microrarray gene expression analysis revealed 93 genes differentially expressed between the groups, of which 23 genes have no known function. Among the remaining 70 genes, 10 (14%) were identified to be associated with progenitor and pluripotent cells whereas only 3 genes (4%) had been associated with atherosclerosis. A risk prediction gene signature was developed by a multivariable statistical approach model integrating comprehensive laboratory and clinical patient data. This signature identified plaque progression with 81% sensitivity and 80% specificity (AUC: 0.86) for new patients, as estimated by resampling techniques. Array results were validated by qPCR for the genes ankyrin-2 (ANK2) and glutathione S-transferase theta 1 (GSTT1). In conclusion, patients with pogressive coronary artery disease despite good risk factor control exhibit particular gene expression patterns in peripheral blood. Understanding the functional implications of the observed changes might help to design new approaches to control atherosclerosis progression. From a large database of 45,727 coronary angiograms, peripheral blood was drawn from two patient groups with good risk factor control, but different clinical evolution: First, 16 patients with significant lesion progression leading to repeated coronary interventions and second, 16 patients with angiographically documented stable courses.
Project description:Background: Collateral artery growth, also termed arteriogenesis, occurs upon narrowing or occlusion of a major artery. To date, attempts to stimulate arteriogenesis in patients for therapeutic purposes have not been successful. Experimental models showed that circulating cells orchestrate arteriogenesis. In humans, a large heterogeneity exists in the arteriogenic response. We hypothesized that good arteriogenic responders (GARs) and bad arteriogenic responders (BARs) differ in gene expression profiles of circulating cells, thereby disclosing potential new therapeutic strategies for the stimulation of arteriogenesis. Methods: A total of 45 patients scheduled for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for single-vessel coronary artery disease underwent intracoronary measurements of collateral flow index (CFI) to distinguish between GARs (CFI>0.21) and BARs (CFI=0.21). Monocytes and CD34+ stem cells were collected from peripheral blood. A fraction of monocytes was further processed to obtain stimulated monocytes and macrophages. Whole genome transcriptome analysis was performed on all four cell types. Results: LPS-stimulated monocytes showed 244 genes differentially expressed (false discovery rate < 0.05) between GARs and BARs. Macrophage gene expression correlated with stimulated monocytes, while resting monocytes and stem cells revealed no differential gene expression. Stimulated monocytes from GARs showed a strongly attenuated response in several interferon- and apoptosis-related genes, which was corroborated at the protein level. Conclusions Circulating cells from GARs and BARs distinctively differ in their gene expression profiles upon stimulation. The reduced expression of interferon and apoptosis genes in GARs may lead to novel therapeutic approaches for the stimulation of collateral artery growth. Keywords: disease state analysis, stress response analysis, natural defense mechanism analysis Overall design: in total 189 arrays analyzed, of which 47 technical replicates (142 biological samples). CD34+ stem cells, resting CD14+ monocytes, stimulated monocytes and macrophages were analyzed, all from two patient groups of different coronary collateral support.