MicroRNA sequencing in kidney glomeruli from diabetic and control mice
ABSTRACT: identified cluster of microRNAs significantly increased in kidney glomeruli from diabetic mice compared to nondiabetic control mice RNAs from kidney glomeruli from control mice and STZ-injected diabetic mice were extracted.
Project description:identified cluster of microRNAs significantly increased in kidney glomeruli from diabetic mice compared to nondiabetic control mice Overall design: RNAs from kidney glomeruli from control mice and STZ-injected diabetic mice were extracted.
Project description:We investigated the gene expression profiles of RNA isolated from kidney glomeruli from aged, 25 week old type-2 diabetic (db/db) and non-diabetic mice. In order to investigate the consequences of hyperglycemia on the pathogenesis and progression of diabetic nephropathy Kidney glomeruli from 3 diabetic and 3 non-diabetic, control mice were isolated and RNA purified for RNA-Seq analysis on the Illumina HiSeq 2000. The goal of the project was to generate comprehensive list of noncoding RNA genes differentially regulated between the two conditions in order to identify novel targets for further study.
Project description:We compared mRNA profiles of isolated glomeruli versus sorted podocytes between diabetic and control mice. IRG mice crossed with eNOS-/- mice were further bred with podocin-rTTA and TetON-Cre mice to permanently label podocytes before the diabetic injury. Diabetes was induced by injection of streptozotocin. mRNA profiles of isolated glomeruli and sorted podocytes from diabetic and control mice at 10 weeks after induction of diabetes were examined. Consistent with the previous reports, expression of podocyte-specific markers in the glomeruli were down-regulated in the diabetic mice compared to controls. However, these differences disappeared when mRNA levels were corrected for podocyte number per glomerulus. Interestingly, the expression of these markers was not altered in sorted podocytes from diabetic mice, suggesting that the reduced expression of podocyte markers in isolated glomeruli is likely a secondary effect of reduced podocyte number, rather than the loss of differentiation markers. Analysis of the differentially expressed genes in diabetic mice also revealed distinct up-regulated pathways in the glomeruli (mitochondrial function and oxidative stress) and podocytes (actin organization). In conclusion, our data suggest that podocyte-specific gene expression in transcriptome obtained from the whole glomeruli may not represent those of podocytes in the diabetic kidney. We compared mRNA profiles of isolated glomeruli versus sorted podocytes between diabetic and control mice.
Project description:We identified 1,700 differentially expressed probesets in DKD glomeruli and 1,831 in diabetic tubuli; 330 probesets were commonly differentially expressed in both compartments. The canonical complement signaling pathway was determined to be statistically differentially regulated in both DKD glomeruli and tubuli and was associated with increased glomerulosclerosis even in an additional set of DKD samples. Affymetrix expression arrays were used to identify differentially regulated transcripts in 44 microdissected human kidney samples. Stringent statistical analysis using the Benjamini_Hochberg corrected 2-tailed t-test was used to identify differentially expressed transcripts in control and diseased glomeruli and tubuli. This Series includes DKD and control glomeruli samples.
Project description:We identified 1,700 differentially expressed probesets in DKD glomeruli and 1,831 in diabetic tubuli; 330 probesets were commonly differentially expressed in both compartments. The canonical complement signaling pathway was determined to be statistically differentially regulated in both DKD glomeruli and tubuli and was associated with increased glomerulosclerosis even in an additional set of DKD samples. Affymetrix expression arrays were used to identify differentially regulated transcripts in 44 microdissected human kidney samples. Stringent statistical analysis using the Benjamini_Hochberg corrected 2-tailed t-test was used to identify differentially expressed transcripts in control and diseased glomeruli and tubuli. This Series includes control glomeruli and tubuli samples.
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE30528: Transcriptome Analysis of Human Diabetic Kidney Disease (DKD Glomeruli vs. Control Glomeruli) GSE30529: Transcriptome Analysis of Human Diabetic Kidney Disease (DKD Tubuli vs. Control Tubuli) GSE30566: Transcriptome Analysis of Human Diabetic Kidney Disease (Control Glomeruli vs. Control Tubuli) Refer to individual Series
Project description:Glomeruli were isolated from the kidney of a 72 yo male patient. The kidney was surgically removed due to renal cell carcinoma. The glomeruli were isolated from uninvolved renal parenchyma. Histology (H&E) of glomeruli and interstitium was normal. Keywords: Kidney Subcompartment Glomeruli were isolated using the sieving technique in ice-cold PBS, followed by isolation of total RNA with RNeasy kit. RNA was judged intact by agarose gel electrophoresis. SAGE library was custom-synthesized by Genzyme Corportation.
Project description:Although diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the most common cause for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in western societies, its pathogenesis still remains largely unclear. A different gene pattern of diabetic and healthy kidney cells is one of the probable explanations. Numerous signaling pathways have emerged as important pathophysiological mechanisms for diabetes-induced renal injury. Glomerular cells, as podocytes or mesangial cells, are predominantly involved in the development of diabetic renal lesions. While a lot of gene assays concerning DN are performed with whole kidney or renal cortex tissue, we isolated glomeruli from BTBR ob/ob and wildtype mice at 4 different timepoints (4, 8, 16, 24 weeks) and performed a mRNA microarray to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs). In contrast to many other diabetic mouse models, these homozygous ob/ob leptin-deficient mice do not only develop a severe type II diabetes, but also diabetic kidney injury with all the clinical and especially histologic features defining human DN. The identified DEGs in diabetic glomeruli were used to investigate biological processes and pathways enriched at different disease stages. Overall design: Glomeruli were isolated from 4, 8, 16, and 24 weeks old female BTBR wildtype (WT) and BTBR ob/ob (ob) mice. We used 3 animals of each group (WT and ob/ob) at 4 weeks and 4 animals of each group (WT and ob/ob) at 8, 16, and 24 weeks. After cervical dislocation kidneys were explanted and passed through a series of stainless steel sieves (150 µm, 100 µm, 70 µm, 50 µm) to isolate glomeruli. After confirmation of the purity of glomeruli, RNA was extracted for hybridization on Affymetrix microarray. Subsequent RNA extraction was conducted using the RNeasy Mini Kit
Project description:Endothelial dysfunction promotes the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy (DN), which is considered to be an early event in disease progression. However, the molecular changes associated with glomerular endothelial cell (GEC) injury in early DN are not well defined. Most gene expression studies have relied on the indirect assessment of GEC injury from isolated glomeruli or renal cortices. Here, we present transcriptomic analysis of isolated GECs, using streptozotocin-induced diabetic wildtype (STZ-WT) and diabetic eNOS-null (STZ-eNOS−/−) mice as models of mild and advanced DN, respectively. GECs of both models in comparison to their respective nondiabetic controls showed significant alterations in the regulation of apoptosis, oxidative stress, and proliferation. The extent of these changes was greater in STZ-eNOS−/− than in STZ-WT GECs. Additionally, genes in STZ-eNOS−/− GECs indicated further dysregulation in angiogenesis and epigenetic regulation. Moreover, a biphasic change in the number of GECs, characterized by an initial increase and subsequent decrease over time, was observed only in STZ-eNOS−/− mice. This is consistent with an early compensatory angiogenic process followed by increased apoptosis, leading to an overall decrease in GEC survival in DN progression. From the genes altered in angiogenesis in STZ-eNOS−/− GECs, we identified potential candidate genes, Lrg1 and Gpr56, whose function may augment diabetes-induced angiogenesis. Thus, our results support a role for GEC in DN by providing direct evidence for alterations of GEC gene expression and molecular pathways. Candidate genes of specific pathways, such as Lrg1 and Gpr56, can be further explored for potential therapeutic targeting to mitigate the initiation and progression of DN. Overall design: RNA-seq of eNOS-null mice with or without STZ treatment
Project description:Podocytes form filtration barrier through foot process around glomerualar basement membrane and selectively permit permeability of molecular smaller than albumin. Diabetes can cause podocyte pathological changes leading to high urine albumin level. Diabetic mouse model OVE26 has extremly high urine albumin and previously studies indicated its podocyte damaged. Here we try to find the key genes change in OVE26 diabetic mouse model podocyte by microarray assay while normal FVB mouse podocyte set as control. Podocyte eGFP transgenic mice were made on FVB background and crossbred to OVE26 diabetic model. Glomeruli isolated from OVE-GFP mice were digested by trypsin into signal cell. Podocytes with GFP were sorting out by FACS.