Transcriptomics

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In vivo recruitment analysis and a mutant strain without any group 2 σ factors reveal roles of different σ factors in cyanobacteria


ABSTRACT: In eubacteria, replacement of one σ factor in the RNA polymerase (RNAP) holoenzyme by another one changes the transcription pattern. Cyanobacteria are eubacteria characterized by oxygenic photosynthesis and they typically encode numerous group 2 σ factors that closely resemble the essential primary σ factor. A mutant strain of the model cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 without functional group 2 σ factors (named as ΔsigBCDE) could not acclimate to heat, high salt, or bright light stress but in standard conditions ΔsigBCDE grew only 9% slower than the control strain. One-fifth of the genes in ΔsigBCDE were differently expressed compared to the control strain in standard growth conditions and several physiological changes in photosynthesis, and pigment and lipid compositions were detected. To directly analyze the σ factor content of RNAP holoenzyme in vivo, a His-tag was added to the γ subunit of RNAP in Synechocystis and RNAPs were collected. The results revealed that all group 2 σ factors were recruited by RNAP in standard conditions, but recruitment of SigB and SigC increased in heat stress, SigD in bright light, SigE in darkness and SigB, SigC and SigE in high salt, explaining the poor acclimation of ΔsigBCDE to these stress conditions. Cells from cyanobacteria Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 named as control strain (CS) and a mutant strain without any functional group 2 sigma factors, ΔsigBCDE, were harvested (A730=1, 40 mL) directly from standard growth conditions (continuous illumination at the PPFD of 40 µmol m-2s-1, 32°C, ambient CO2). From three to four independent experiments were performed at each conditions.

ORGANISM(S): Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803  

SUBMITTER: Taina Tyystjarvi   Kaisa Hakkila  Liisa Gunnelius  Hans C Matthijs 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-69981 | ArrayExpress | 2015-09-15

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE69981PRJNA287323

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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In vivo recruitment analysis and a mutant strain without any group 2 σ factor reveal roles of different σ factors in cyanobacteria.

Koskinen Satu S   Hakkila Kaisa K   Gunnelius Liisa L   Kurkela Juha J   Wada Hajime H   Tyystjärvi Taina T  

Molecular microbiology 20151014 1


In eubacteria, replacement of one σ factor in the RNA polymerase (RNAP) holoenzyme by another one changes the transcription pattern. Cyanobacteria are eubacteria characterized by oxygenic photosynthesis, and they typically encode numerous group 2 σ factors that closely resemble the essential primary σ factor. A mutant strain of the model cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 without functional group 2 σ factors (named as ΔsigBCDE) could not acclimate to heat, high salt or bright light stress  ...[more]

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