Dataset Information


Small RNA deep sequencing identifies viral microRNAs during malignant catarrhal fever induced by alcelaphine herpesvirus 1

ABSTRACT: Alcelaphine herpesvirus 1 (AlHV-1) is a γ-herpesvirus (γ-HV) carried asymptomatically by wildebeest. Upon cross-species transmission, AlHV-1 induces an acute and fatal lymphoproliferative disease named malignant catarrhal fever (MCF) in many ruminants, including cattle and the rabbit model. Latency has been shown to be essential for MCF induction. However, the mechanisms causing the activation and proliferation of infected CD8+ T cells are unknown. Many γ-HVs express microRNAs (miRNAs). These small noncoding RNAs can suppress host or viral target genes involved in various pathways and are thought to facilitate viral infection and/or mediate activation and proliferation of infected lymphocytes. AlHV-1 genome has been predicted to encode a large number of miRNAs. However, their precise contribution in viral infection and pathogenesis in vivo remains unknown. Here, we have cloned small RNAs and sequenced 36 potential miRNAs expressed in a lymphoblastoid cell line propagated from a calf infected with AlHV-1 and developing MCF. Among the sequenced candidate miRNAs, 32 were expressed on the reverse strand of the genome in two main clusters. The expression of these 32 viral miRNAs was further validated using Northern blot and qRT-PCR in lymphoid organs of MCF-developing calves or rabbits. To determine the concerted contribution in MCF of 28 viral miRNAs clustered in the non-protein-coding region of the AlHV-1 genome, a recombinant virus was produced. The absence of these 28 miRNAs did not affect viral growth in vitro nor MCF induction in rabbits, demonstrating that AlHV-1 miRNAs clustered in the non-protein-coding genomic region are not essential for MCF induction. Small RNA sequencing from total RNA from AlHV-1-infected bovine lymphoblastoid cell line propagated with interleukin 2

ORGANISM(S): Bos taurus  

SUBMITTER: Océane Sorel   Leonor Palmeira  Pierre Kerkhofs  Françoise Myster  Sébastien Pfeffer  Alain Vanderplasschen  Benjamin G Dewals  Lee Tuddenham 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-71056 | ArrayExpress | 2015-08-27



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