Dataset Information


Gut hepcidin: a key regulator of inflammation

ABSTRACT: Hepcidin is demonstrated to be the key iron regulatory hormone, produced by the liver. Here we show an unexpected role of hepcidin as a master initiator of the local and systemic inflammatory response. We found that hepcidin was highly expressed in the colon of two major idiopathic inflammatory bowel diseases : Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). Thanks to the generation of intestinal specific hepcidin KO mice (Hepc{delta}int), we found in a DSS-induced colitis model that hepcidin mediated the induction of key inflammatory cytokines and was protective against intestinal injury. In a model of LPS-induced acute inflammation, intestinal hepcidin expression was increased through a TLR4 dependent pathway andwas required for intestinal neutrophil infiltration and inflammation. Strikingly, intestinal hepcidin was absolutely required for the systemic production of key inflammatory cytokines (IL-6, CXCL1, TNF-alpha ...) as well as for the setting of the hypoferremia of inflammation. In a sepsis model, Hepc{delta}int mice were protected against LPS-induced mortality. Mechanistically, we showed that hepcidin was a direct neutrophil chemoattractant and a proinflammatory molecule in macrophages through a Myd88 dependent pathway. Altogether, we demonstrated that Hepcidin is a key new essential component of the immune system and may be a promising target in many inflammatory diseases. We used microarrays to detail the global program of gene expression of BMDM treat with hepcidin for 1 hour.

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Sara Zumerle   Jacques R Mathieu  Florent Dumont 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-71073 | ArrayExpress | 2016-07-16



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