Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

299

Splicing analyses of 46C mESCs following PTBP depletion


ABSTRACT: PTBP1 and PTBP2 control alternative splicing programs during neuronal development, but the cellular functions of most PTBP1/2-regulated isoforms remain unknown. We show that PTBP1 guides developmental gene expression by regulating the transcription factor Pbx1. We identify exons that are differentially spliced when mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs) differentiate into neuronal progenitor cells (NPCs) and neurons, and transition from PTBP1 to PTBP2 expression. We define those exons controlled by PTBP1 in ESCs and NPCs by RNA-seq analysis after PTBP1 depletion and PTBP1 crosslinking-immunoprecipitation. We find that PTBP1 represses Pbx1 exon 7 and the expression of its neuronal isoform Pbx1a in ESC. Using CRISPR-Cas9 to delete regulatory elements for exon 7, we induce Pbx1a expression in ESCs, finding that this activates transcription of specific neuronal genes including known Pbx1 targets. Thus PTBP1 controls the activity of Pbx1 and suppresses its neuronal transcriptional program prior to differentiation. 46C mESCs were treated with 20 nM control, Ptbp1, Ptbp2, or Ptbp1 and Ptbp2 siRNAs for 72 hours. The knockdowns were performed using 2 independent sets of siRNAs, including one biological replicate. Poly-A RNA was isolated for RNA-sequencing and splicing analyses.

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Anthony J Linares   Chia-ho Lin 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-71075 | ArrayExpress | 2016-07-03

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): SRP061311GSE71075PRJNA290312

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress, ENA

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