Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

332

Suppression of ischemia in arterial occlusive disease by JNK-promoted native collateral artery development


ABSTRACT: Arterial occlusive diseases are major causes of morbidity and mortality. Blood flow to the affected tissue must be restored quickly if viability and function are to be preserved. Collaterals are artery-to-artery or arteriole-to-arteriole interconnections that can bypass an occlusion by providing an alternative route for blood flow to the affected tissue. The increased flow and sheer stress initiate processes that result in the remodeling (arteriogenesis) of these vessels into efficient conductance arteries. Here we report that the mixed-lineage kinase (MLK) pathway activates cJun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) in endothelial cells. Disruption of Mlk2/3 or Jnk1/2 genes caused severe blockade of blood flow and failure to recover in the femoral artery ligation model of hindlimb ischemia because of abnormal collateral arteries. We show that the MLK-JNK pathway is essential for patterning and maturation of collateral arteries during development, but this pathway is not required for angiogenesis or arteriogenesis in adults. JNK in endothelial cells promotes Delta-like 4-induced Notch signaling and suppresses excessive sprouting angiogenesis during development. This function of the MLK-JNK pathway contributes to normal formation of native collateral arteries. The MLK-JNK pathway is therefore a key regulatory mechanism for vascular development. These data highlight the crucial importance of the collateral circulation in the response to arterial occlusive diseases. RNA-seq analysis of mouse lung endothelial cells (MLEC) of the following genotypes Cdh5-Cre+ Jnk1+/+ Jnk2+/+ Jnk3-/-(ECtrl), Cdh5-Cre- Jnk1LoxP/LoxP Jnk2LoxP/LoxP Jnk3-/- (EfCtrl), and Cdh5-Cre+ Jnk1LoxP/LoxP Jnk2LoxP/LoxP Jnk3-/- (E3KO). Three separate samples from mouse lung endothelial cells of each genotype were analyzed.

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Kasmir Ramo   Roger J Davis 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-71159 | ArrayExpress | 2016-08-09

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): SRP061376GSE71159PRJNA290473

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress, ENA

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Publications

Suppression of ischemia in arterial occlusive disease by JNK-promoted native collateral artery development.

Ramo Kasmir K   Sugamura Koichi K   Craige Siobhan S   Keaney John F JF   Davis Roger J RJ  

eLife 20160809


Arterial occlusive diseases are major causes of morbidity and mortality. Blood flow to the affected tissue must be restored quickly if viability and function are to be preserved. We report that disruption of the mixed-lineage protein kinase (MLK) - cJun NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling pathway in endothelial cells causes severe blockade of blood flow and failure to recover in the murine femoral artery ligation model of hindlimb ischemia. We show that the MLK-JNK pathway is required for the fo  ...[more]

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