Dataset Information


Transcription profiling of mouse cumulus cells from Bmp15-/- and Bmp15-/-Gdf9+/--DM animals

ABSTRACT: Mouse oocytes control cumulus cell metabolic processes that are deficient in the oocytes themselves and this delegation is necessary for oocyte development. Oocyte-derived bone morphogenetic factor 15 (BMP15) and growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF9) appear to be key regulators of follicular development. The effect of these factors on cumulus cell function before the preovulatory surge of luteinizing hormone (LH) was assessed by analysis of the transcriptomes of cumulus cells from wildtype (WT), Bmp15-/-, and Bmp15-/- Gdf9+/- double mutant (DM) mice using microarray analysis. The biological themes associated with the most highly-affected transcripts were identified using bioinformatic approaches, IPA and GenMAPP/MAPPFinder. There were 5,332, 7,640, and 2,651 transcripts identified to be significantly changed in the comparisons of Bmp15-/- vs. WT, DM vs. WT, and DM vs. Bmp15-/- respectively by the criteria of FC (fold change) p <0.01. Among theses changed transcripts, 744 were commonly changed in all three pair-wise comparisons, and hence were considered to be the most highly affected transcripts by mutation of Bmp15 and Gdf9. IPA Analyses revealed that metabolism was the major theme associated with the most highly-changed transcripts: glycolysis and sterol biosynthesis were the two most significantly affected pathways. Most of the transcripts encoding enzymes for sterol biosynthesis were down-regulated in both mutant cumulus cells and in WT cumulus cell after oocytectomy. Similarly, there was a reduction of de novo-synthesized cholesterol in these cumulus cells. This suggests that oocytes regulate cumulus cell metabolism, particularly sterol biosynthesis, by promoting the expression of corresponding transcripts. Furthermore, in WT-mice, Mvk, Pmvk, Fdps, Sqle, Cyp51, Sc4mol, and Ebp, which encode enzymes in the sterol biosynthetic pathway, were found to be expressed robustly in cumulus cells, but expression was barely detectable in oocytes. Levels of de novo-synthesized cholesterol were significantly higher in cumulus–enclosed oocytes than denuded oocytes. These results indicate that mouse oocytes are deficient in their ability to synthesize cholesterol and require cumulus cells to provide them with products of the sterol biosynthetic pathway. Oocyte-derived BMP15 and GDF9 may promote this metabolic pathway in cumulus cells as compensation for their own deficiencies. Experiment Overall Design: Three sets of independent cumulus cell samples were collected for each genotype (wild type, Bmp15-/-, and Bmp15-/-Gdf9+/-) of mice, and were used for the array study as shown below. Experiment Overall Design: Array Genotype Sample Experiment Overall Design: GC_430_2_GES05_0161_033105_1.CEL WT 1 Experiment Overall Design: GC_430_2_GES05_0162_033105_1.CEL WT 2 Experiment Overall Design: GC_430_2_GES05_0163_033105_1.CEL WT 3 Experiment Overall Design: GC_430_2_GES05_0164_033105_1.CEL Bmp15-/- 4 Experiment Overall Design: GC_430_2_GES05_0165_033105_1.CEL Bmp15-/- 5 Experiment Overall Design: GC_430_2_GES05_0166_033105_1.CEL Bmp15-/- 6 Experiment Overall Design: GC_430_2_GES05_0167_033105_1.CEL DM 7 Experiment Overall Design: GC_430_2_GES05_0168_033105_1.CEL DM 8 Experiment Overall Design: GC_430_2_GES05_0169_033105_1.CEL DM 9

INSTRUMENT(S): 418 [Affymetrix]

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: You-Qiang Su  

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-7225 | ArrayExpress | 2008-06-15



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Oocyte regulation of metabolic cooperativity between mouse cumulus cells and oocytes: BMP15 and GDF9 control cholesterol biosynthesis in cumulus cells.

Su You-Qiang YQ   Sugiura Koji K   Wigglesworth Karen K   O'Brien Marilyn J MJ   Affourtit Jason P JP   Pangas Stephanie A SA   Matzuk Martin M MM   Eppig John J JJ  

Development (Cambridge, England) 20071128 1

Oocyte-derived bone morphogenetic protein 15 (BMP15) and growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF9) are key regulators of follicular development. Here we show that these factors control cumulus cell metabolism, particularly glycolysis and cholesterol biosynthesis before the preovulatory surge of luteinizing hormone. Transcripts encoding enzymes for cholesterol biosynthesis were downregulated in both Bmp15(-/-) and Bmp15(-/-) Gdf9(+/-) double mutant cumulus cells, and in wild-type cumulus cells after  ...[more]

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