Altered microRNA profiles in cumulus cells isolated from PCOS patients
ABSTRACT: To identify the altered miRNA expression profiles of PCOS patients, the differentially expressed miRNAs were identified from cumulus cells of PCOS patients by comparing to that of normal women. Case-control study that involved 18 women with PCOS and 18 women without PCOS (control). The miRNA expression profiles of cumulus cells were identified by miRNA array.
Project description:Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine and metabolic disorder that is characterized by increased circulating androgen levels, anovulatory infertility, and frequently, insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia.The abnormity of oocyte nuclear maturity is the main reason for anovulatory infertility and pregnancy loss in PCOS patients.The bidirectional exchanges between oocyte and contiguous CCs are important for oocyte competence acquisition, early embryonic development and CC expansion.Gene expression profiles of CCs has been suggested to predict embryo development and pregnancy outcome. We used microarrays to detail the global programme of gene expression of CCs isolated from oocytes at metaphase I (CCMI) and metaphase II (CCMII) stage under controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) cycle in PCOS patients. Cumulus cells were isolated from oocyte at stage metaphase 1(MI)and stage metaphase II (MII) of PCOS patients for RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays. For microarray analysis, we used three chips for each CC category. That is, CCMI1,CCMI2,CCMI3,CCMII1,CCMII2 and CCMII3.
Project description:Polycystic ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a heterogeneous endocrine disorder that shows evidence of genetic predidposition among affected individuals. We have utilized the Microarray data from granulosa cells of normal and PCOS women for network construction. Human granulosa cells were isolated from ovarian aspirates from normal and PCOS women undergoing IVF and for each sample, RNA was extracted and hybridized to an Affymetrix GeneChip.
Project description:Cumulus cells surrounding mature oocytes that developed to moruale/blastocyst stage on day 5 of IVF cycle were collected and used for gene expression profiling using Affymetrix Human Gene 1.0 ST Arrays in order to determine differences in gene expression between the modified natural and stimulated in vitro fertilization (IVF) procedures. Microarray analysis was made on 8 individual CC samples, derived from 5 patients that first underwent MNIVF, followed by a controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) cycle. As the quality of the isolated RNA derived from 2 of the MNIVF CC samples was not good, these samples were not included in the analysis. Altogether, 3 CC samples from MNIVF and 5 CC samples from COH cycles were included in microarray analysis.
Project description:This group consist of human embryologists from the reproductive medical center for of the 1st affiliated hospital of Anhui Medical University. Our research is specifically focused on women ovarian reserve and the relevant female infertility. By deep sequencing, the current experiment determined the small non-coding RNA profile of cumulus cells from patients with or without diminished ovarian reserve undergoing controlled ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization treatment. Ovarian follicles, which are a densely-packed shell of granulosa cells that contains an immature or mature oocyte, are above all responsible for the development, maturation, and release of mature egg for fertilization. They are also responsible for synthesizing and secreting hormones that are essential for follicular development, menstrual and estrous cycle, maintenance of the reproductive tracts and their functions, development of female secondary sex characteristics, and metabolism. During folliculogenesis, ovarian granulosa cells surrounding the oocyte differentiate into mural granulosa cells, involved in gonadal steroidogenesis, and into cumulus cells, which are ovulated with the oocyte at ovulation. In the present study, we described the small non-coding RNA expression profile to characterize the ensemble of both known and novel ncRNAs expressed in cumulus cells from patients with or without Diminished ovarian reserve, by using high-throughput Solexa technology.
Project description:We are human embryologists from center for reproductive medicinel of Anhui Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Anhui Medical University, and we have the expertise to do all that properly in humans. By deep sequencing, the current experiment determined the miRNA profile of two intrafollicular somatic cell types: CRCs and COCs, isolated from women undergoing controlled ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization treatment. Ovarian follicles, which are a densely-packed shell of granulosa cells that contains an immature or mature oocyte, are above all responsible for the development, maturation, and release of mature egg for fertilization. They are also responsible for synthesizing and secreting hormones that are essential for follicular development, menstrual and estrous cycle, maintenance of the reproductive tracts and their functions, development of female secondary sex characteristics, and metabolism. During folliculogenesis, ovarian granulosa cells surrounding the oocyte differentiate into mural granulosa cells, involved in gonadal steroidogenesis, and into cumulus cells, which are ovulated with the oocyte at ovulation. These cumulus cells derive from the same population of early follicles, but differentiate into two distinct groups of cells: 1) Those directly lie on the zona pellucida are composed of the so called corona radiata cells.(CRCs) 2) The other group surrounds the CRCs and consists of more numerous cells, forming the so called cumulus oophorus cells (COCs). In the present study, we described the miRNA expression profile to characterize the ensemble of both known and novel miRNAs expressed in CRCs, as well as in COCs, by using high-throughput Solexa technology.
Project description:Affymetrix gene expression profiling in cumulus cells (CC) retrieved from patients undergoing GnRH agonists and GnRH antagonists IVF treatment. Oocytes from three different maturity stages were considered: metaphase I oocytes (MI), nonfertilized metaphase II (MII) oocytes (MII-NF) and MII oocytes developed to blactocyst stage embryo (MII-BL). From 4 GnRH agonist treated patients, CC MI, CC MII-NF and CC MII-BL samples were collected; from 5 GnRH agonist and 6 GnRH antagonist treated patients, CC MII-NF and CC MII-BL samples were collected; and from 2 GnRH agonist and 4 GnRH antagonist treated patients, CC MI and CC MII-BL were collected. Altogether, 10 CC MI, 15 CC MII-NF and 21 CC MII-BL were collected and considered for transcriptome analysis.
Project description:Background: The development competence of human oocytes declines with increasing age. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of age on gene expression profile in mature human oocytes.<br>Methods: mRNA was isolated for whole genome gene expression microarray analysis from metaphase II (MII) oocytes donated by IVF or ICSI patients (10 women aged <36 years (younger) and 5 women aged 36-39 years (both inclusive) (older)) undergoing controlled ovarian simulation
Project description:Our aim with this work is to identify and quantify the miRNA profile of the human follicular fluid using a miRNA microarray approach in young and advanced-aged women and in follicles with different oocyte quality. Data collected in this study would be utilized in a future as a marker to predict the oocyte quality. This observational prospective study includes women enrolled in the assisted reproduction program of Hospital Universitari i Politècnic la Fe (Valencia, Spain). The study was accepted by IRB of this Hospital and all couples received informed consent of our study and assisted technique according to service protocols. The study was divided in two stages: Stage 1: Patients (n=21) who had follicles yielding oocytes with different degree of maturation were included (n=21). The follicular fluid samples from 21 patients were pooled in different groups. Expression of miRNA in the follicular fluids was compared within each patient according the degree of oocyte maturation. Stage 2: Patients were allocated into two groups according to the patient's age: advanced age (AA; >36 years old) and young age (YA; <36 years old). Follicular fluids from follicles containing MII oocytes were pooled and miRNA expression was subsequently compared. Please note that the MII samples with underscore (such as MII1 vs MII_1) indicate different pools so they are not the same sample, but we maintained the number because they correspond to paired samples pools for GV and MI.
Project description:To reveal microRNAs expression differences in cumulus cells between polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and non-PCOS women. miRNAs expression profile of the cumulus cell samples with PCOS and non-PCOS were determined by Affymetrix miRNA 2.0. Six pooled RNAs from CC samples (three PCOS and three non-PCOS pooled RNAs) were separately analyzed on 6 GeneChip miRNA 2.0 Array (miRBase V15)
Project description:We sought to identify genes that are regulated by the ovulatory signals in mouse cumulus cells. We compared the transcriptomes between cumulus cells colected from mice before (hCG-0h) and after 6 h (hCG-6h) of hCG injection. 3 individual cumulus cell samples of hCG-0h and hCG-6h were collected and subjected to microarray study. Copmarison was done between hCG-0h and hCG-6h groups.