Identification and characterization analysis of the Oriental River Prawn (Macrobrachium nipponense) microRNA response to hypoxia using a deep sequencing approach [miRNA microarray analysis]
ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) function as regulators in a broad range of phenotypes. The Oriental River Prawn (Macrobrachium nipponense) is an important commercial species that is widely distributed in freshwater and low-salinity estuarine regions of China and other Asian countries. To date, there are no reports describing M. nipponense miRNAs. In this study, Solexa deep sequencing technology was used for high-throughput analysis of miRNAs in a small RNA library isolated from four M. nipponense tissues (gill, hepatopancreas, muscle and hemocytes). In total, 9,227,356 reads were obtained, 4,293,155 of which were related to 267 unique miRNAs, including 203 conserved and 64 prawn-specific miRNAs. Furthermore, miRNA features including length distribution and end variations were characterized. Annotation of targets revealed a broad range of biological processes and signal transduction pathways regulated by M. nipponense miRNAs. In addition, 880 co-expressed and 39 specific (25 normoxia-specific and 14 hypoxia-specific) miRNAs of four combined tissues of prawns that may be involved in the response to hypoxia were confirmed using miRNA microarray analysis. Real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) analysis of eight miRNAs in the normoxia and hypoxia groups showed good concordance between the sequencing and qPCR data. This study provides the first large-scale identification and characterization of M. nipponense miRNAs and their potential targets, and represents a foundation for further characterization of their roles in the regulation of the diversity of hypoxia processes.
Project description:The sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus withstands high water temperatures in the summer by suppressing metabolic rate and entering a state of aestivation. We hypothesized that changes in the expression of miRNAs could provide important post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression during hypometabolism via control over mRNA translation. The present study analyzed profiles of miRNA expression in the sea cucumber respiratory tree using Solexa deep sequencing technology. We identified 279 sea cucumber miRNAs, including 15 novel miRNAs specific to sea cucumber. Animals sampled during deep aestivation (DA; after at least 15 days of continuous torpor) were compared with animals from a non-aestivation (NA) state (animals that had passed through aestivation and returned to an active state). We identified 30 differentially expressed miRNAs ([RPM (reads per million) >10, |FC| (|fold change|) ≥1, FDR (false discovery rate) <0.01]) during aestivation, which were validated by two other miRNA profiling methods: miRNA microarray and real-time PCR. Among the most prominent miRNA species, miR-124, miR-124-3p, miR-79, miR-9 and miR-2010 were significantly over-expressed during deep aestivation compared with non-aestivation animals, suggesting that these miRNAs may play important roles in metabolic rate suppression during aestivation. In the present study, an analysis of the global profile of small RNAs was conducted using Solexa sequencing technology in non-aestivation (NA) and deep aestivation (DA) sea cucumbers. We focus on respiratory tree in the present study because it is the important site responsible for the strong metabolic rate depression seen under deep aestivating conditions and the global expression profile of mRNA from the this organ has also been constructed applying RNA-seq technology in our previous study (Zhao and Chen, unpublished data). A preliminary analysis of the functional relevance of miRNA expression in relation to hypometabolism during aestivation is presented. A miRNA microarray and RT-qPCR were both used to supplement and confirm differentially expressed miRNAs. Our findings provide important new insights into the molecular mechanisms of sea cucumber aestivation.
Project description:The regulatory role of miRNA in gene expression is an emerging hot new topic in the control of hypometabolism. Sea cucumber aestivation is a complicated physiological process that includes obvious hypometabolism as evidenced by a decrease in the rates of oxygen consumption and ammonia nitrogen excretion, as well as a serious degeneration of the intestine into a very tiny filament. To determine whether miRNAs play an important regulatory roles in this process, the present study analyzed profiles of miRNA expression in the intestine of sea cucumber (Apostichopus japonicus), using Solexa deep sequencing technology. We identified 309 sea cucumber miRNAs, including 19 novel miRNAs specific to sea cucumber. Animals sampled during deep aestivation (DA) after at least 15 days of continuous torpor, were compared with animals from a non-aestivation (NA) state (animals that had passed through aestivation and returned to an active state). We identified 42 differentially expressed miRNAs (RPM (reads per million) >10, |FC| (|fold change|) ≥1, FDR<0.01) during aestivation, which were validated by two other miRNA profiling methods: miRNA microarray and real-time PCR. Among the most prominent miRNA species, miR-200-3p, miR-2004, miR-2010, miR-22, miR-252a, miR-252a-3p and miR-92 were significantly over-expressed during deep aestivation compared with non-aestivation animals. Preliminary analyses of their putative target genes suggest that these miRNAs could play important roles in global transcriptional depression during aestivation. In the present study,we present for the first time, using Solexa sequencing technology, an analysis of the global profile of small RNAs in non-aestivation (NA) and deep aestivation (DA) sea cucumbers. We focus on intestine in the present study because it is the major site responsible for the strong metabolic rate depression seen under deep aestivating conditions and the global expression profile of mRNA from the this organ has also been constructed applying RNA-seq technology in our previous study (Zhao and Chen, unpublished data). A preliminary analysis of the functional relevance of miRNA expression in relation to hypometabolism during aestivation is presented. A miRNA microarray and RT-qPCR were both used to supplement and confirm differentially expressed miRNAs. Our findings provide important new insights into the molecular mechanisms of sea cucumber aestivation.
Project description:In this study, the viral miRNAs from white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) were characterized in shrimp in vivo. On the basis of our previous study and small RNA sequencing in this study, a total of 89 putative WSSV miRNAs were identified. As revealed by miRNA microarray analysis, the expressions of viral miRNAs were tissue-specific in vivo. In this study, the viral miRNAs from white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) were characterized in shrimp in vivo. On the basis of our previous study and small RNA sequencing in this study, a total of 89 putative WSSV miRNAs were identified. As revealed by miRNA microarray analysis and Northern blots, the expressions of viral miRNAs were tissue-specific in vivo. Therefore, our study presented the first report on the in vivo molecular events of viral miRNA in the antiviral apoptosis.
Project description:Solexa sequencing technology was used to perform high throughput sequencing of the small RNA library from the cold treatment of tea leaves. Subsequently, aligning these sequencing date with plant known miRNAs, we characterized 112 C. sinensis conserved miRNAs. In addition, 215 potential candidate miRNAs were found; among them, 131 candidates with star sequence were chosen as novel miRNAs. There are both congruously and differently regulated miRNAs, and line-specific miRNAs were identified by microarray-based hybridization in response to cold stress. The miRNA chip included 3228 miRNA probes corresponding to miRNA transcripts listed in Sanger miRBase release 19.0 and 283 novel miRNAs probes founding in tea plant. In the study presented here, two tea plant cultivars, ‘Yingshuang’ (YS, a cold-tolerant tea plant cultivar) and ‘Baiye 1’ (BY, a cold-sensitive tea plant cultivar), were kept at 4°C for 4,12, 24 h, respectively, and 28°C for as control. These samples were used to acquire expression profiles of a total of 3,511 unique genes, leading to the successful construction of supervised
Project description:We determined pattern of miRNAs of mild-to-severe human pulmonary arterial hypertension and compared the with health controls using microarray and subsequently validated by QPCRs Manuscript Title: Circulating miRNAs as novel marker for pulmonary hypertension. (Under Revision Plos One Manuscript ID: PONE-D-12-38535) Performed microRNA microarray from one healthy and one severe PH patient and compared the results using additional samples by qPCR for other miRNAs
Project description:To gain more insight into the molecular mechanisms of the tumorigenesis of MDV, we used microarrays to screen host and viral miRNAs that were sensitive to infection by MDV. Microarray analysis showed significant differential expression of 79 miRNAs, To determine whether miRNAs were involved in the MDV-induced tumorigenesis, miRNA microarray analysis was performed on GA-infected splenic tumors, GA-infected non-tumorous spleen tissues, and control spleen tissues at 28 dpi.
Project description:Spontaneous paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) is one of the very common heart rhythm disorders. The molecular mechanisms underlying PAF susceptibility and persistence are multiple and incompletely understood. To study the contribution of microRNAs (miRNAs) to the development and perpetuation of PAF, we used microarray/qPCR analyses to search for changes in miRNA expression in atrial myocardium upon pacing-induced PAF. The miRNA microarray analysis was performed at LC Sciences (Houston, TX, USA). Following screening-microarray, several miRNAs were selected for detailed real-time qPCR assay. Our results suggest that immediate-early miR remodeling of LAA underlies the development and persistence of PAF. A closed-chest model of PAF was established in postnatal pigs via a rapid atrial electrical stimulation with a controlled ventricular response rate. A pacing catheter (delivered into the right atrium via femoral vein access under fluoroscopic guidance) was connected with an external pulse generator for programmed pacing rates. The burst-pacing stimuli were repeated several times, and the induced PAF occurrence rates and durations were recorded. Burst pacing was not performed in sham-operated group. Animals were euthanized 24 hours after cessation of pacing. Given that the right atrium might have been damaged by catheter insertion, we studied miRNA expression changes associated with PAF in the left atrial appendage (LAA) from paced vs control pigs. Six piglet were randomized in two groups, the PAF group (3 replicates) and the sham-control group (3 replicates)
Project description:The extraocular muscles (EOMs) are a unique group of muscles that are anatomically and physiologically distinct from other skeletal muscles. Previously, we and others have shown that EOMs have a unique transcriptome and proteome. Here, we investigated the expression pattern of microRNAs (miRNAs) in EOM, as they may play a role in generating the unique EOM allotype. We screened LC Sciences miRNA microarrays covering the sequences of miRBase 10.0 to define the microRNAome of normal mouse EOM and tibialis anterior (TA) limb muscle. 74 miRNAs were found to be differentially regulated (p-value < 0.05) and 31 miRNAs (14 up-regulated and 17 down-regulated) were found to be differentially regulated at a signal strength > 500 including the muscle-specific miR-206, miR-1, miR-133a, miR-133b and miR-499. qPCR analysis was used to validate the differential expression. Bioinformatic tools were used to identify potential miRNA-mRNA-protein interactions and integrate data with previous transcriptome and proteomic profiling data. Luciferase assays using co-transfection of precursor miRNAs (pre-miRNAs) along with reporter constructs containing the 3’-untranslated region (3’UTR) of their predicted target genes were used to validate targeting by identified miRNAs. The definition of the EOM microRNAome complements existing transcriptome and proteome data about the molecular make-up of EOM and provides further insight into regulation of muscle genes. These data will also help to further explain the unique EOM muscle allotype and its differential sensitivity to diseases such as Duchenne's muscular dystrophy (DMD) and may assist in development of therapeutic strategies. Total RNA from four EOM and four TA tissue samples dissected from four adult male C57/Bl10 mice were used (TA served as control) to screen four LC Sciences microRNA Microarray chips. The chips contained microRNA sequences based on miRBase content 10.0 totalling 568 different miRNAs. Samples were labelled with Cy3 and Cy5 using dye-swap. Relative differences of miRNA expression was expressed as fold-changes EOM/TA, which were calculated after normalization across all four arrays.
Project description:MicroRNAs (miRNAs), approximately 22-nucleotide non-coding RNA molecules, regulate a variety of pivotal physiological or pathological processes, including embryonic development and tumorigenesis. To obtain comprehensive expression profiles of miRNAs in human embryos, we characterized miRNA expression in weeks 4-6 of human embryonic development using miRNA microarrays and identified 50 human-embryo-specific miRNAs (HES-miRNAs). Furthermore, we selected three non-conserved or primate-specific miRNAs, hsa-miR-638, -720, and -1280, and examined their expression levels in various normal and tumor tissues. The results show that expression of most miRNAs is extremely low during early human embryonic development. In addition, the expression of some non-conserved or primate-specific miRNAs is significantly different between tumor and the corresponding normal tissue samples, suggesting that the miRNAs are closely related to the pathological processes of various tumors. This study presents the first comprehensive overview of miRNA expression during human embryonic development and offers immediate evidence of the relationship between human early embryonic development and tumorigenesis. Total 10 samples were used microRNAs microarrays hybridization, then the original data from 8 of 10 samples was used final data analysis. The samples ZN18, ZN46/47 and ZN75 were designated as Week 4 of human embryonic development; the samples ZN38, ZN43 and ZN63-1 were designated as Week 5 of human embryonic development; the samples ZN61 and ZN70 were designated as Week 6 of human embryonic development.
Project description:Phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) is a tumor suppressor that negatively regulates cell survival and proliferation by antagonizing phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase(PI3K)/protein kinase B(PKB/Akt) signaling. Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of PTEN, reduced expression of PTEN and overexpression of phosphorylated Akt are frequently found in human gastric cancer, and their changes correlate with tumor progression and prognosis. Previous studies have shown that the deregulated miRNAs in human gastric cancer play important roles in gastric cancer cell proliferation, apoptosis and inflammation. However, miRNAs downstream PTEN/Akt signaling is poorly investigated. To clarify whether PTEN is involved in gastric tumorigenesis, we have generated a gastric epithelium specific PTEN knockout mouse which exhibited gastric tumor formation with enhanced cell proliferation.So the objectives of the microarray experiment were to, a) screen miRNAs which might be regulated by PTEN/Akt signaling by comparing the miRNA expression profiles between PTEN deficient and control gastric epithelia. 2) explore the microRNA mechanism involved in gastric cell proliferation and gastric tumorigenesis. miRNA profiling of mouse gastric epithelium,comparing Pten mutant mouse with controls. 4 samples. Experiments in 2 different time point, 20 days and 60 days after birth, 2 Biological replicates. Mutant tissue vs. controls from mixture of 3-4 mouse.