Identification of miRNAs and its targets using high-throughput sequencing and degradome analysis in male and female Asparagus officinalis.
ABSTRACT: Two independent small RNA (sRNA) libraries from male and female asparagus plants were sequenced, generating 4.13 and 5.88 million final cleaned reads, respectively. A total of 154 conserved miRNA belonging to 26 families, and 40 novel miRNA candidates that seemed to be specific to asparagus were identified, among them, 63 miRNAs exhibited significant differential expression between male and female plants, and 36 target mRNAs representing 44 conserved and fournovel miRNA in asparagus by high-throughput degradome sequencing analysis. Examination of small RNA in male and female asparagus using high-throughput sequencing
Project description:High-throughput small RNA sequencing were performed to identify a large number of miRNAs and their targets in mature female and male G. biloba leaves for the first time. We ascertained that the regulatory networks of the miRNAs are involved in many different primary biological processes based on potential target designations. Our study is the first to provide useful information for uncovering the regulatory networks of miRNAs in basal gymnosperm G. biloba leaves. small RNA sequencing in female and male leaves of G. biloba
Project description:MicroRNAs play critical roles in various biological and metabolic processes. The function of miRNAs has been widely studied in model plants such as Arabidopsis and rice. However, the number of identified miRNAs and related miRNA targets in peach (Prunus persica) is limited. To understand further the relationship between miRNAs and their target genes during tissue development in peach, a small RNA library and three degradome libraries were constructed from three tissues for deep sequencing. We identified 117 conserved miRNAs and 186 novel miRNA candidates in peach by deep sequencing and 19 conserved miRNAs and 13 novel miRNAs were further evaluated for their expression by RT-qPCR. The number of gene targets that were identified for 26 conserved miRNA families and 38 novel miRNA candidates, were 172 and 87, respectively. Some of the identified miRNA targets were abundantly represented as conserved miRNA targets in plant. However, some of them were first identified and showed important roles in peach development. Our study provides information concerning the regulatory network of miRNAs in peach and advances our understanding of miRNA functions during tissue development. To identify more conserved and peach-speciﬁc miRNAs and their target genes and to understand further the mechanism of miRNA-regulated target genes during tissue development in peach, a small RNA library and three degradome libraries were constructed from three different tissues for deep sequencing.
Project description:Upstream of N-ras (UNR) is a conserved RNA-binding protein that regulates mRNA translation and stability by binding to sites generally located in untranslated regions (UTRs). In Drosophila, sex-specific binding of UNR to msl2 mRNA and the non-coding RNA roX plays key roles in the control of X-chromosome dosage compensation in both sexes. In order to investigate broader sex-specific functions of UNR, we have identified its RNA targets in adult male and female flies by high-throughput RNA binding and transcriptome analysis. Here we show that UNR binds to a large set of protein-coding transcripts and to a smaller set of non-coding RNAs in a sex-specific fashion. Two replicates of UNR IP were performed in D.melanogaster adult males and females, and enrichment in either sex was compared with IgG IP as control. To correlate sex-specific UNR binding with sex-specific transcription and splicing we performed RNA-Seq experiments in males and females.
Project description:Here we map six chromatin modifications -- H3K4me1, H3K4me3, H3K27ac, H3K36me3, H3K9me3, and H3K27me3 -- genome-wide in male and female mouse liver in order to identify histone modifications that characterize sex-biased genes and sex-biased DNase hypersensitive sites and their regulation by plasma growth hormone (GH) profiles, which are sexually dimorphic. We find distinct mechanisms of regulation in male liver and female liver: sex-dependent K27me3-mediated repression is an important mechanism of repression of female-biased, but not of male-biased, genes, and a sex-dependent K4me1 distribution, suggesting nucleosome repositioning by pioneer factors, is observed at male-biased, but not female-biased, regulatory sites. STAT5-mediated activation is most strongly associated with sex-biased chromatin modifications, while BCL6-mediated repression primarily occurs in association with sex-independent chromatin modifications, both at binding sites and at target genes. These samples are part of a study on chromatin states in male and female mouse and their role in sex-biased liver gene expression (A Sugathan and DJ Waxman (2013) Molec Cell Biol). Examination of six different histone modifications in male and female mouse liver.
Project description:Geoduck clams (Panopea generosa) were collected from Puget Sound, WA in November, 2014. Male and female geoduck gonads were sampled at three reproductive stages over the course of three months: early, middle, and late. Early stage indicates that the gonad cells are just beginning to differentiate and late stage indicates that the geoduck are ready to spawn. The goal of this study was to identify biomarkers of the geoduck reproductive cycle.
Project description:Genes with sex-biased expression in adults experience unique evolutionary dynamics. It is unclear, however, whether the selection pressures responsible for these well documented patterns also act upon genes with sex-biased expression in other developmental stages. To examine this, we measured expression in male and female Drosophila melanogaster larvae. Drosophila melanogaster wandering third instar larvae were sexed using the visible gonad. RNA was isolated from three replicate samples of male and female larvae and one sample each of adult males and females. RNA was prepared following the manufacturer's instructions, using single color labelling. Each sample/replicate was hybridized to one sector of the Agilent 4 sector array (a total of two arrays were used), with the following design: Array 1 had one larval male sample, one larval female sample, one adult male sample, and one adult female sample; Array 2 had two larval male samples and two larval female samples.
Project description:Gene expression in adult male and female mouse liver assayed by RNA-seq, as part of a study on chromatin states in male and female mouse and their role in sex-biased liver gene expression (A Sugathan and DJ Waxman (2013) Molec Cell Biol, in press). Total liver RNA was prepared from 12 individual male and 12 individual female mice. Four RNA pools, comprised of RNA isolated from 6 individual male or female livers (2 pooled biological replicates for each sex) were then prepared and used for RNA-seq.
Project description:∼40,000 HNF6 binding sites were identified in mouse liver chromatin, including several thousand sites showing significant differences in level of HNF6 binding between male and female mouse liver. These sex-biased HNF6 binding sites showed strong enrichment for sex-biased DNase hypersensitive sites and for proximity to genes showing local sex-biased chromatin marks and a corresponding sex-biased expression. ~90% of genome-wide CUX2 binding sites identified previously in female mouse liver (Conforto TL, Zhang Y, Sherman J, Waxman DJ., Mol Cell Biol. 2012;32(22):4611-4627) were also bound by HNF6, giving evidence for genome-wide competition between HNF6 and CUX2 for chromatin binding in female mouse liver. These HNF6/CUX2 common binding sites were enriched for genomic regions more accessible in male than in female mouse liver chromatin, and showed strongest enrichment for male-biased genes, suggesting HNF6 displacement by CUX2 as a mechanism to explain the observed CUX2 repression of male-biased genes in female liver. However, HNF6 binding was sex-independent at a majority of its binding sites, and peak regions of HNF6 binding were frequently associated with co-binding by multiple other liver transcription factors, consistent with HNF6 playing a global regulatory role in both male and female liver. Livers were excised from individual male and female mice, cross-linked and sonicated, then used to identify HNF6 binding sites by ChIP-Seq using antibody specific to HNF6 (sc-13050; Santa Cruz Biotechnology, Inc).