Inositol requiring enzyme 1α augments angiogenesis for diabetic wound healing
ABSTRACT: The microarray analysis is to investigate the different expression profile of microRNAs in bone marrow-derived progenitor cells from type 2 diabetic mice and healthy control mice. microRNA expression profiles were compared between bone marrow-derived progenitor cells from either type 2 diabetic db/db mice or their in-colony control litter db/+ mice. Total RNA was extracted from bone marrow-derived progenitor cells from either type 2 diabetic db/db mice (Jackson lab, # 000642) or their in-colony control litter db/+ mice. N=3 per group.
Project description:Investigation of gene expression level changes in pancreatic and liver tissues of diabetic db/db mice supplemented with selenate, compared to the diabetic db/db mice administered placebo. Fasting blood glucose levels increased continuously in diabetic db/db mice administered placebo (DMCtrl) but decreased gradually in selenate-supplemented diabetic db/db mice (DMSe) and approached normal values when the experiment ended. The size of pancreatic islets increased, causing the plasma insulin concentration to double in DMSe mice compared with that in DMCtrl mice. Two six chip studies using total RNA respectively isolated from pancreatic and liver tissues of three selenate-supplemented diabetic db/db mice, and three diabetic db/db mice administered placebo.
Project description:UB cells FACS sorted from E15.5 mouse kidneys were analyzed for miRNAs expression. E15.5 UB cells FACS sorted from Rosa26YFP; Hoxb7Cre mice, total RNAs including miRNAs were purified and used for miRNA microarray
Project description:miRNA profiling of mouse kidney cortex comparing control vs. low sodium diet + captopril treatment to induce renin expression. Two condition experiment: control vs treated; biological replicates: individual mice - 3 control, 3 treated. One replicate per array.
Project description:BACKGROUND - MicroRNAs (miRs) are a class of small non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression. Transgenic models have proved that a single miR can induce pathological cardiac hypertrophy and failure. The roles of miRs in the genesis of physiologic left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), however, are not well elucidated. OBJECTIVE - To evaluate miRs expression in an experimental model of exercise-induced LVH. METHODS - Male Balb/c mice were divided into sedentary (SED) and exercise (EXE) groups. Voluntary exercise was performed in odometer-monitored metal wheels during 35 days. Analyses were performed after 7 and 35 days of training, and consisted of transthoracic echocardiography, maximal exercise test, miRs microarray (miRBase v.16) and real-time qRT-PCR analysis. RESULTS - Left ventricular weight/body weight ratio increased by 7% in the EXE group at day 7 (p<0.01) and by 11% at 35 days of training (p<0.001) After 7 days of training, microarray identified 35 deregulated miRs: 20 had an increase in their expression and 15 were down-regulated (p=0.01). At day 35 of training, 25 miRs were deregulated: 15 were up-regulated and 10 had decreased their expression compared to the SED group (p<0.01). qRT-PCR confirmed an increase in miR-150 levels at both time points and a decrease in miR-26b, miR-27a and miR-143 after 7 days of voluntary exercise. CONCLUSIONS – We unraveled new miRs that can modulate physiological cardiac hypertrophy, particularly miR-26b, -150, 27a and -143. Our data also indicate that previously established regulatory gene pathways involved in pathological LVH are not deregulated in physiologic LVH. Experimental model of left ventricular hypertrophy induced by voluntary exercise Male Balb/c mice, 8-10 weeks old, 4 groups analyzed, each group consisted of a pool from 4 animals
Project description:We wished to determine the effects of activating the transcription factor, ATF6, on global miRNA expression. We utilized transgenic mice with a conditionally tamoxien-responsive form of ATF6 and assessed cardiac lysates from NTG and TG mice, both treated with tamoxifen and untreated, in order to identify differentially expressed miRNAs. We then focused on miRNAs of interest as well as the genes they are predicted to regulate. Four sample groups were assessed for miRNA expression: non-transgenic (NTG) mice treated with vehicle, NTG mice treated with tamoxifen, ATF6 transgenic (TG) mice treated with vehicle, and TG mice treated with tamoxifen
Project description:Diabetic retinopathy is one of the leading causes of blindness in diabetic patients. Emerging evidence suggests that retinal neurodegeneration is an early event in the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy, but the underlying causes of neuronal loss are unknown. To unravel potential mechanisms underlying early retinal neurodegeneration in diabetic retinopathy, a gene expression profiling study was undertaken to compare the gene expression in retinas of 8-week db/db diabetic mice with that of lean non-diabetic littermates. Retinas were obtained from 8-week db/db diabetic mice and age-matched lean non-diabetic controls. Total RNA was extracted and processed for being hybridized onto affymetrix DNA microarrays.
Project description:Background: There is a limited capacity to repair damage in the mammalian heart after birth, which is primarily due to the inability of cardiomyocytes to proliferate after birth. This is in contrast to zebrafish and salamander, in which cardiomyocytes retain the ability to proliferate throughout life and can regenerate their heart after significant damage. Recent studies in zebrafish and rodents implicate microRNAs (miRNAs) in the regulation of genes responsible for cardiac cell cycle progression and regeneration, in particular, miR-133a, the miR-15 family, miR-199a and miR-590. However, the significance of these miRNAs and miRNA in general in the regulation of cardiomyocyte proliferation in large mammals, including humans, where the timing of heart development relative to birth is very different than in rodents, is unclear. To determine the involvement of miRNAs in the down-regulation of cardiomyocyte proliferation occurring before birth in large mammals, we investigated miRNA and target gene expression in sheep hearts before and after birth. The experimental approach included targeted transcriptional profiling of miRNA and target mRNA previously identified in rodent studies as well as genome-wide miRNA profiling using microarrays. Results: The cardiac expression of miR-133a increased and its target gene IGF1R decreased with increasing age, reaching their respective maximum and minimum abundance when the majority of ovine cardiomyocytes were quiescent. The expression of the miR-15 family members was variable with age, however, four of their target genes decreased with age. These latter profiles are inconsistent with the direct involvement of this family of miRNA in cardiomyocyte quiescence in late gestation sheep. The expression patterns of ‘pro-proliferative’ miR-199a and miR-590 were also inconsistent with their involvement in cardiomyocyte quiescence. Consequently, miRNA microarray analysis was undertaken, which identified six discrete clusters of miRNA with characteristic developmental profiles. The functions of predicted target genes for the miRNA in four of the six clusters were enriched for aspects of cell division and regulation of cell proliferation suggesting a potential role of these miRNA in regulating cardiomyocyte proliferation. Conclusion: The results of this study show that the expression of miR-133a and one of its target genes is consistent with it being involved in the suppression of cardiomyocyte proliferation, which occurs across the last third of gestation in sheep. The expression patterns of the miR-15 family, miR-199a and miR-590 were inconsistent with direct involvement in the regulation cardiomyocyte proliferation in sheep, despite studies in rodents demonstrating that their manipulation can influence the degree of cardiomyocyte proliferation. miRNA microarray analysis suggests a coordinated and potentially more complex role of multiple miRNA in the regulation of cardiomyocyte quiescence and highlights significant differences between species that may reflect their substantial differences in the timing of this developmental process. RNA, (2 µg) from three heart samples from each of the 91 d (fetus), 141 d (fetus), 5 d (postnatal) and 173 d (postnatal) groups, was used for analysis according to standard procedures. The experimental design included three biological replicates from each of the four normal developmental ages in sheep and thus a total of 12 samples was analyzed.
Project description:We determined pattern of miRNAs of mild-to-severe human pulmonary arterial hypertension and compared the with health controls using microarray and subsequently validated by QPCRs Manuscript Title: Circulating miRNAs as novel marker for pulmonary hypertension. (Under Revision Plos One Manuscript ID: PONE-D-12-38535) Performed microRNA microarray from one healthy and one severe PH patient and compared the results using additional samples by qPCR for other miRNAs