Time-course expression data from HEK293∆RAF1:ER cells stimulated with 4OHT, U0126, CYHX, ActD, EGF, FGF, or IGF
ABSTRACT: We integrate experimental data and mathematical modelling to unveil how ERK signal duration is relayed to mRNA dynamics. HEK293 cells were transfected with an inducible form of RAF (∆RAF1:ER) and induced with tamoxifen (4OHT) or stimulated with different growth factors (EGF, FGF, iGF). Effects of RAF signalling were perturbed subsequently or in parallel with MEK inhibtor U0126, translation inhibtor cycloheximide (CYHX) and actinomycin D (ActD).
Project description:Analyze effect of Raf1 S259A on gene expression in HUVEC Total RNA obtained from HUVEC infected with empty lentiviral vector pLVX-IRES-puro (control) or that expressing human RAF1 WT (WT) or RAF1 S259A (S259A).
Project description:We integrate experimental data and mathematical modelling to unveil how ERK signal duration is translated to mRNA dynamics. Overall design: HEK293 cells were transfected with an inducible form of RAF (∆RAF1:ER), labelled with 4-thiouridine (4SU) one hour before harvesting and induced with tamoxifen (4OHT) for different periods of time (0h-8h).
Project description:In this study we performed gene transcription analysis of parental MACF7 cell and MCF7 engineered to overexpress oncoprotein RAF1. We demonstrate that overexpression of RAF1 leads to development of ivasive phenotype. Total RNA was extracted from culturued cells or from nude mice xenografts.
Project description:Respiratory viral infections follow an unpredictable clinical course in young children ranging from a common cold to respiratory failure. The transition from mild to severe disease occurs rapidly and is difficult to predict. The pathophysiology underlying disease severity has remained elusive. There is an urgent need to better understand the immune response in this disease to come up with biomarkers that may aid clinical decision making. In a prospective study, flow cytometric and genome-wide gene expression analyses were performed on blood samples of 26 children with a diagnosis of severe, moderate or mild Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) infection. Differentially expressed genes were validated using Q-PCR in a second cohort of 80 children during three consecutive winter seasons. FACS analyses were also performed in the second cohort and on recovery samples of severe cases in the first cohort. Severe RSV infection was associated with a transient but marked decrease in CD4+ T, CD8+ T, and NK cells in peripheral blood. Gene expression analyses in both cohorts identified Olfactomedin4 (OLFM4) as a fully discriminative marker between children with mild and severe RSV infection, giving a PAM cross-validation error of 0%. Patients with an OLFM4 gene expression level above -7.5 were 6 times more likely to develop severe disease, after correction for age at hospitalization and gestational age. In conclusion, by combining genome-wide expression profiling of blood cell subsets with clinically well-annotated samples, OLFM4 was identified as a biomarker for severity of pediatric RSV infection. Samples were taken of 26 patients with acute RSV infections, divided into mild (n=9), moderate (n=9) and severe (n=8) disease. From moderate and severe diseased patients recovery samples were obtained as well.
Project description:Expanding the sequencing depth of the peptides showing a statistically significant quantitative change arising from a biological stimulation is critical. Here we demonstrate that optimization of LC gradient and analytical column construction can reveal over 30,000 unique peptides and 23,000 phosphopeptides at high confidence. The quantitative reproducibility of different analytical workflows was evaluated by comparing the phosphoproteome of CD3/4 stimulated and unstimulated T-cells as a model system. A fritless, 50 cm-long column packed with 1.9 µm particles operated with a standard pressure HPLC significantly improved the sequencing depth 51% and decreased the selected ion chromatogram peak spreading. Most importantly, under the optimal workflow we observed an improvement of 330% in detection of significantly changed phosphopeptides in the stimulated cells compared with the other workflows. The discovery power of the optimized column configuration was illustrated by identification of significantly altered phosphopeptides harboring novel sites from proteins previously established as important in T cell signaling including A-Raf, B-Raf, c-Myc, CARMA1, Fyn, ITK, LAT, NFAT1/2/3, PKCα, PLCγ1/2, RAF1, and SOS1. Taken together, our results revealed a simple column fabrication methodology that provides an inexpensive improvement for single-run LC-MS/MS analysis to optimize peptide sequencing depth, dynamic range, sensitivity, and label free quantitative reproducibility.
Project description:Rad21 is a subunit of cohesin. The main function of cohesin is to hold replicated chromosomes together until cells divide, but it also plays a role in gene expression. To find out which genes might be regulated by cohesin, a study was conducted to look for global changes in gene expression in zebrafish embryos lacking cohesin component Rad21. The zebrafish Rad21 mutant used for expression analysis was rad21nz171, an allele isolated in a forward genetic screen for regulators of runx1. Experiment Overall Design: RNA from rad21nz171 mutant and wild type zebrafish embryos collected at 24 hours post-fertilization (h.p.f.) and 48 h.p.f. was hybridized to Affymetrix microarrays (Gene Chip zebrafish genome arrays cat. no. 900488). Four pools of 50 embryos for each genotype and time point were used as the RNA source, and RNA from each pool was hybridized independently such that the experiment had four biological replicates.
Project description:The Raf kinase inhibitor protein (RKIP) is a dual inhibitor of the Raf kinase and the G-protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 (GRK2). GRK2 is an indispensable kinase, which exerts a major role in the pathogenesis of heart failure, and inhibition of GRK2 is cardioprotective in experimental models of heart failure. To investigate the cardiac function of RKIP as GRK2 inhibitor, we generated transgenic mice with myocardium-specific expression of RKIP under control of the alpha-MHC promoter. For comparison, mice with myocardium-specific expression of a GRK-specific peptide inhibitor (GRK-Inh) were also generated. Two different transgenic mouse models were established. Transgenic RKIP mice and transgenic GRK-Inh mice were born at Mendelian frequencey and grew to adulthood normally. Microarray gene expression profiling was performed with heart tissue isolated from three study groups: (i) RKIP-transgenic mice, (ii) GRK-Inh-transgenic mice, and (iii) B6 control mice.
Project description:To discover novel growth factors for hematopoietic stem- and progenitor cells (HSPCs), we have assessed cytokine responses of cord blood (CB)-derived CD34+ cells in a high-content growth factor screen. We identify the immunoregulatory chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 28 (CCL28) as a novel growth factor that directly stimulates proliferation of primitive hematopoietic cells from different ontogenetic origins. Microarrays are used to compare the expression profiles of HSPCs expanded in SCF, TPO and CCL28 respectively. HSPCs were cultured in Serum-Free Expansion Medium with SCF, SCF + TPO, and SCF + CCL28 respectively, and hybridised microarrays in triplicate.
Project description:Colorectal cancer (CRC) was induced in Foxp3/eGFP reporter mice by the azoxymethane/dextran sulphate sodium salt (AOM/DSS) protocol. Mice were injected i.p. with the procarcinogen AOM (12.5 mg/kg of body weight). After 1 week, mice received drinking water supplemented with 2.5% DSS for 5 to 7 days, followed by 2 weeks of regular water. The DSS administration was repeated twice with 2% DSS. Mice were sacrificed at week 11 and lamina propia lymphocytes (LPLs) from the colon were isolated. CD4+FOXP3+ (eGFP+) ST2+ or ST2- Tregs were separated from colonic LPLs of CRC induced mice using a FACSAria II cell sorter. Microarray analysis was performed to analyze if ST2+ FOXP3+ Tregs from the colon of CRC mice present a distinct transcription pattern compared to ST2- FOXP3+ Tregs. By this, the role of ST2 for Treg function during intestinal tumorigenesis should be characterized.
Project description:Background Identification of patients at risk of tuberculosis relapse following treatment would revolutionize clinical trials of new drugs and regimens and facilitate clinical management. The study aim was to determine whether tuberculosis patients who subsequently suffer relapse have different immune responses to mycobacteria in vitro compared to patients who remain cured for two years post-treatment. Methods First episode pulmonary tuberculosis patients were recruited into a surrogate marker study in Cape Town, South Africa. Peripheral blood samples were collected at diagnosis and after two and four weeks of tuberculosis treatment. Diluted blood was cultured with live Mycobacterium tuberculosis for six days and cellular RNA was frozen. Gene expression in samples from ten patients who subsequently relapsed, confirmed by stain genotyping, was compared to those who remained cured using Affymetrix microarrays. Results At diagnosis, the expression of 668 genes was significantly different in samples from patients who subsequently relapsed compared to successfully cured patients, and these differences persisted for at least four weeks. Gene Ontology and biological pathways analyses revealed the most significant difference was up-regulation of genes involved in cytotoxic cell-mediated killing, such as perforin, granulysin and fas ligand. Results were confirmed by qRT-PCR in a wider patient cohort. Conclusions These data show that patients who will subsequently relapse exhibit altered immune responses at diagnosis, including excessively robust cytolytic responses to M. tuberculosis in vitro, compared to patients who will achieve durable cure. Together with microbiological and clinical indices, these differences could be exploited for patient stratification in drugs trials, or for host-directed therapy development. Venous blood samples were diluted in culture medium and stimulated with live M. tuberculosis for 6 days. Samples from 10 TB patients who subsequently relapsed and 10 patients whore remained disease-free for 2 years. Samples collected at TB diagnosis and after 2 weeks or 4 weeks of treatment of first TB episode.