Changes in gene expression and splicing associated with pregnancy, labor and regions of human adipose tissue.
ABSTRACT: This is the expression dataset for two studies: 1) Characterization of visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue transcriptome and biological pathways in pregnant and non-pregnant women: Evidence for pregnancy-related regional-specific differences in adipose tissue and 2) Characterization of visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue transcriptome in pregnant women with and without spontaneous labor at term: Implication of alternative splicing in the metabolic adaptations of adipose tissue to parturition. The studies compare expression profiles and exon usage between adipose tissue regions and groups of women (pregnant vs non-pregnant) and in labor vs not in labor. Paired design for regional differences within groups of women (identified by Subject _# in the title), and unpaired design between groups of women.
Project description:Individualized analysis through expression profiling of 20,000 probes in 28 tissue samples evaluated in subcutaneous and omental adipose tissue obtained during surgical intervention in non-obese and obese patients. Patients consisted of men and women of varying body size (lean to severely obese). Samples were collected at the time of operation in the fasting state. Samples consisted of subcutaneous and omental adipose tissue as well as a blood sample from lean and obese men and women removed in the fasting state at the time of surgery.
Project description:Adipose, once considered an inert storage depot, is now known to be an active endocrine tissue involved in total body homeostasis and metabolism, which exerts effects on multiple systems including food intake, immune function, and blood glucose regulation. Adipose tissue depots are known to have unique metabolic and gene expression profiles in vivo and when cultured in vitro. Differences in adipose tissue depot function could be important in determining chronic disease risk. Few comparisons of depot gene expression have been performed in the dog. Utilizing microarray technology, our objective was to identify differentially expressed genes and enriched functional pathways between subcutaneous and gonadal adipose of lean and obese dogs. Subcutaneous and gonadal adipose tissue samples were collected from 9 intact female beagles (4 yr-old; 4 lean controls; 5 obese ad libitum-fed) after 24 wk of ad libitum feeding.
Project description:To provide a comprehensive understanding of how GC affect adipose tissue and adipocyte function, we analyzed patterns of gene expression after culture of abdominal subcutaneous (sc) and omental (Om)) Adipose tissue of severely obese subjects (3F, 1M) in the presence of insulin or insulin (7 nM) plus dexamethasone (dex, 25 nM) for 7d. 14 chips total (8x HG_U95Av2, 6x HG_U95A)
Project description:Transcriptomes of visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue from colorectal cancer patients were profiled to investigate differences between depots. Samples were collected at time-point of primary surgery.
Project description:Why ~70% of women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have intrinsic insulin resistance (IR), above and beyond that associated with body mass, including dysfunctional glucose metabolism in adipose tissue (AT), remains a fundamental question. In these experiments, we sought to explore the role of miRNAs in the AT of PCOS and matched controls. Analysis determined that PCOS AT has a differentially expressed miRNA profile, including upregulated miR-93. We observed a significant association between HOMA-IR, and GLUT4 and miR-93 expression in human AT. Our results point to a novel mechanism for regulating insulin-stimulated glucose uptake via miR-93, and demonstrate upregulated miR-93 expression in PCOS, possibly accounting for the IR of the syndrome, and also in non-PCOS women with IR. We performed miRNA microarrays to determine PCOS-related miRNA expression in adipose derived from lean PCOS patients and matched control women. We analyized miRNA from total RNA extracted from subcutaneous (sc) adipose tissue from three lean PCOS patients and three matched control women.
Project description:Comparing miRNAs expression levels in chorioamniotic membranes from women at term in labor (TL), women at term not in labor (TNL) and women who deliverd preterm (PTLC). The goal was to see if miRNA levels are indicators of preterm delivery or spontaneous labor at term. A two-channel technology was used in this experiment in which a pooled reference RNA was used for competitive hybridization. The pooled reference was generated at Exiqon in Denmark from a mixture of several human tissues (placenta, thyroid, brain, adipose, spleen, liver, colon, skeletal muscle, ovary, kidney, heart, cervix, testes, esophagus, small intestine, prostate, trachea, thymus, bladder, lung).
Project description:The present study was designed to identify determinants that foreshadow successful weight maintenance. More specifically, we examined whether subcutaneous adipose tissue (scAT) gene expression of participants who experience successful weight maintenance following caloric restriction differed from that of participants who regain weight. Forty women followed a dietary protocol consisting of an 8-week low calorie diet (LCD) and a 6-month weight maintenance phase. At the end of the protocol, participants were classified as weight maintainers (WM; 0-10% weight regain) and weight regainers (WR; 50-100% weight regain). Anthropometric measurements, plasma parameters, and scAT biopsies were taken before and after the LCD. Adipose tissue gene expression profiles were studied in all individuals before and after the LCD.
Project description:We used an unbiased systems biology approach to study the regulation of gene expression in human adipose tissue focusing on inflammation. We show that microRNAs play a major role as regulators of CCL2 production in obesity. Abdominal subcutaneous adipose needle biopsies were obtained from women (n=56) with a wide variation in BMI. From the biopsies, total RNA was isolated and labelled using the FlashTag biotin HSR labeling kit (Genisphere Inc., Hatfield, PA) according to the supplier's protocol. The labelled samples were placed in a hybridization cocktail mix containing 4% formamide and hybridised overnight to Affymetrix miRNA Arrays (Affymetrix Inc.) following the indicated Genisphere protocol. The arrays were washed, stained and scanned in an Affymetrix GCS 3000 scanner. Signal intensities and present calls were generated by using the microRNA QC tool by Affymetrix.
Project description:Adipocytes isolated from lean and obese postmenopausal women with no significant differences in metabolic syndrome parameters demonstrate changes in multiple inflammatory, metabolic and structural gene families. Purified adipocyte samples were isolated from subcutaneous adipose tissue surgical biopsies of 7 obese (BMI>30) and 7 lean (BMI<25) postmenoposal women and gene expression was quantified with Agilent-014850, 4X44K human whole genome platform arrays (GPL6480)
Project description:The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of progressive weight loss (5, 10, 15% weight loss) on metabolic function such as multi-organ insulin sensitivity and beta-cell function in obese people. We conducted microarray analysis to determine the effect of progressive weight loss on adipose tissue gene expression profile. We examined subcuntaneous adipose tissue samples obtained from 9 obese subjects before (A) and after 5% (B), 10% (C) and 15% (D) weight loss (total 36 samples).