Auxin-independent NAC pathway regulates cell wall metabolism in response to explant-specific wounding during regeneration in Arabidopsis II
ABSTRACT: In this study, through a genome-wide transcriptome analysis of wounding in the leaf explant, we identified NAC1 (petunia NAM and Arabidopsis ATAF1, ATAF2, and CUC2) family transcription factor gene that acts in response to wounding and functions in regulation of cell wall metabolism. RNA-Seq analysis of the wound site of leaf explants and leaf residu
Project description:In this study, through a genome-wide transcriptome analysis of wounding in the leaf explant, we identified NAC1 (petunia NAM and Arabidopsis ATAF1, ATAF2, and CUC2) family transcription factor gene that acts in response to wounding and functions in regulation of cell wall metabolism. RNA-Seq analysis of the genes up-regulated by NAC1
Project description:Polycomb Group Proteins (PcGs) is critical in defining the epigenetic blueprint for animal and plant development. In plants, loss of different PcGs display both common and unique phenotypic defects, yet little is known about how these are established. Here, based on quantitative comparison of epigenomics data from mutants of key PcG components in Arabidopsis seedlings, we found that the PcG partners of CURLY LEAF (CLF), one of the major plant H3K27 trimethyltransferases, determines its selectivity in repressing gene loci involved in distinct developmental programs. The non-redundant role of CLF in determining flower development is specifically associated with HETEROCHROMATIN PROTEIN1 (LHP1). This context dependent effect of CLF corresponds well with tissue-biased target gene expression, and importantly, to differential co-occupancy of transcription factors, such as MADS box and B3-domain transcription factors. These results provide valuable insight as to the dynamic interplay between different PcGs and their collaborative control of plant development. To compare the effect of different PcGs on epigenetic structure from the genome-wide scale, we used chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by high-throughtput sequencing (ChIP-seq) to characterize the genome-wide binding profile of H3K27me3 in Col, clf-29, tfl2-2, atbmi1a/b and atring1a/b ; To investigate the functional consequence of the distinct H3K27me3 profile controlled by different combinations of PcGs, we characterized the transcriptome change in PcG mutants, including Col, clf-29, tfl2-2, lhp1-6, atbmi1a/b, atring1a/b, and clf29swn21.
Project description:Using a transgenic line expressing HA-tagged ATAF1 uncovered >400 ChIP-seq peaks in ATAF1-HA plants compared to Col-0 wild-type plants. Only a small sub-set of the candidate peaks could be verified using ChIP-qpcr or EMSA. Among the verified peaks we uncovered the key ABA biosynthetic gene NCED3 as a target of ATAF1 ChIP was performed using anti-HA antibodies on wild-type Col-0 plants and plants expressing HA-tagged ATAF1
Project description:Spider mites, including the two-spotted spider mite (Tetranychus urticae, TSSM) and the Banks grass mite (Oligonychus pratensis, BGM), are becoming increasingly important agricultural pests. The TSSM is an extreme generalist documented to feed on more than 1100 plant hosts. In contrast, the BGM is a grass specialist, with hosts including important cereal crops like maize, wheat, sorghum and barley. Historically, studies of plant-herbivore interactions have focused largely on insects. However, far less is known about plant responses to spider mite herbivores, especially in grasses, and whether responses differ between generalists and specialists. To identify plant defense pathways responding to spider mites, we collected time course RNA-seq data from barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) infested with TSSMs and BGMs. Additionally, and as a comparison to the physical damage caused by spider mite feeding, a wounding treatment was also included. The experiment was performed with four biological replicates across each of the following (28 samples in total): no infestation (C, control), 2hr after wounding (W2), 24hr after wounding (W24), 2hr after TSSM infestation (T2), 24hr after TSSM infestation (T24), 2hr after BGM infestation (B2), and 24hr after BGM infestation (B24).
Project description:To understand how atypical bHLH, INCREASED LEAF INCLINATION1 (ILI1)-BINDING bHLH-1 (IBH1) (At2g43060), and close homologue, IBH1-like1 (IBL1) (At4g30410), interact to regulate cell elongation, genome-wide RNA-Seq expression analyses of IBH1 and IBL1 gain-(IBH1OE, IBL1OE) and loss-of-function (ibh1 (SALK 049177), ibl1(SALK 119457)) mutants were conducted. For loss-of-function mutant, homozygous ibh1(SALK 049177) and ibl1(SALK 119457) were compared to wild type (Col). For gain-of-function mutant, homozygous 35Spro:IBH1-GFP and 35Spro:IBL1-GFP were compared to wild type (Col). Total RNAs were extracted from seedling of each genotypes. For each genotype two biological replicates were sequenced.
Project description:m6A is a ubiquitous RNA modification in eukaryotes. Transcriptome-wide m6A patterns in Arabidopsis have been assayed recently. However, m6A differential patterns among organs have not been well characterized. The goal of the study is to comprehensively analyze m6A patterns of numerous types of RNAs, the relationship between transcript level and m6A methylation extent, and m6A differential patterns among organs in Arabidopsis. In total, 18 libraries were sequneced. For the 3 organs: leaf, flower and root, each organ has mRNA-Seq, m6A-Seq and Input sequenced. And each sequence has 2 replicats.
Project description:Arabidopsis is a non-host to the biotrophic fungus Blumeria graminis f.sp. hordei (Bgh), effectively hindering Bgh ingress to the epidermal cells by deposition of callosic papillae formations, i.e. penetration resistance. To better understand the transcriptional changes in Arabidopsis towards Bgh, we compared un-inoculated and inoculated wild-type Arabidopsis samples, with those an ATAF1 mutant allele, compromised in penetration resistance. The experiment included sampling of 8 rosettes for each replicate sample from 6-weeks old plants, 12 hrs after inoculation. A total of 12 biolocigal replicates were sampled with three replicates from each of the four blocks (Wild-type, ataf1-1, Bgh, control). ****[PLEXdb(http://www.plexdb.org) has submitted this series at GEO on behalf of the original contributor, Michael Krogh Jensen. The equivalent experiment is AT31 at PLEXdb.] Experiment Overall Design: genotype: Wild-type Arabidopsis, ecotype Col-0 - treated or untreated: Un-inoculated(3-replications); genotype: Wild-type Arabidopsis, ecotype Col-0 - treated or untreated: Bgh inoculated(3-replications); genotype: ataf1-1 mutant, ecotype Col-0 - treated or untreated: Un-inoculated(3-replications); genotype: ataf1-1 mutant, ecotype Col-0 - treated or untreated: Bgh inoculated(3-replications)
Project description:The genome-wide abundance of two histone modifications, H3K4me3 and H3K9ac, both associated with actively expressed genes, was monitored in Arabidopsis thaliana leaves at different time points during developmental senescence, along with expression in the form of RNA-seq data. H3K9ac and H3K4me3 marks were highly convergent at all stages of leaf aging, but H3K4me3 marks covered nearly twice the gene area as H3K9ac marks. Genes with the greatest fold-change in expression displayed the largest positively-correlated percent change in coverage for both marks. Most senescence up-regulated genes were pre-marked by H3K4me3 and H3K9ac, but at levels below the whole-genome average, and for these genes, gene expression increased without a significant increase in either histone mark. However, for a subset of genes showing increased or decreased expression, the respective gain or loss of H3K4me3 marks were found to closely match the temporal changes in mRNA abundance. 22% of genes that increased expression during senescence showed accompanying changes in H3K4me3 modification, and they include numerous regulatory genes, which may act as primary response genes. RNA-seq data at different stages of leaf aging.
Project description:Plants show a remarkable plasticity to adapt their root architecture to biotic and abiotic constraints of the soil environment. Although some of these modifications are fine-tuned by miRNAs, there are still shadow zones in these regulations. In the model legume Medicago truncatula, we analyzed the small RNA (smRNA) transcriptome of roots submitted to symbiotic and pathogenic interactions. Mapping on the genome and prediction of pre-miRNA hairpins allowed the identification of 416 candidates. Out of them, we found known and novel variants of 77 miRNA families, already reported in miRBase. In addition, thanks stringent criteria of miRNA prediction, 53 mtr-miRNAs were discovered, including 27 putative miRtrons. Exploring polymorphism in 26 M. truncatula ecotypes, higher polymorphism was observed in conserved rather than legume-specific miRNA genes. An average of 19 targets, mainly involved in environmental responses and signaling, was predicted per novel miRNA. In addition, taking advantage of our large number of smRNA libraries, we identified sets of miRNAs responsive to root pathogens or to symbiotic interactions and the related Nod and myc-LCO signals. 23 libraries of small RNA (smRNA) of roots submitted to symbiotic and pathogenic interactions.
Project description:To determine the extent to which the major small RNA pathways functions across the Arabidopsis thaliana genome, small RNA populations from several tissues of wild-type (wt) and mutant plants were amplified by RT-PCR and sequenced using high-throughput 454 sequencing technology. Keywords: small RNAs, high-throughput sequencing Amplicons were prepared by 5' and 3' adaptor ligation and RT-PCR using small RNA fractions from inflorescence tissue (containing stage 1-12 flowers) of wt Col-0 plants, mutants with defects in each DCL gene (dcl1-7, dcl2-1, dcl3-1, dcl4-2), and mutants with defects in each RDR gene for which a function has been established (rdr1-1, rdr2-1, rdr6-15). Amplicons from whole seedlings (3 day post-germinations) were prepared from Col-0 and rdr6-15 plants. Small RNA preparations from leaf samples of Col-O that were either uninoculated or inoculated by Pseudomonas syringae pv tomato (DC3000hrcC) for 1 hr and 3 hr were also sequenced.