Genomics

Dataset Information

92

Subtelomeric p53 Binding Prevents Accumulation of DNA Damage at Human Telomeres


ABSTRACT: Telomeres and tumor suppressor protein TP53 (p53) function in genome protection, but a direct role of p53 at telomeres has not yet been described. Here, we have identified non-canonical p53 binding sites within the human subtelomeres that suppress the accumulation of DNA damage at telomeric repeat DNA. These non-canonical subtelomeric p53 binding sites conferred transcription enhancer-like functions that include an increase in local histone H3K9 and H3K27 acetylation and stimulation of subtelomeric transcripts, including telomere-repeat containing RNA (TERRA). p53 suppressed formation of telomere-associated γH2AX and prevented telomere DNA degradation in response to DNA damage stress. Our findings indicate that p53 provides a direct chromatin-associated protection to human telomeres, as well as other fragile genomic sites. We propose that p53-associated chromatin modifications enhance local DNA repair or protection to provide a previously unrecognized tumor suppressor function of p53. p53 binding was analyzed by ChIP-Seq in HCT116 cells treated with camptothecin or untreated control.

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Steve B McMahon  Paul M Lieberman   Priyankara J Wickramasinghe    

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-75528 | ArrayExpress| 2016-01-17

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE75528SRP066824PRJNA304475

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress, ENA

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Publications


Telomeres and tumor suppressor protein TP53 (p53) function in genome protection, but a direct role of p53 at telomeres has not yet been described. Here, we have identified non-canonical p53-binding sites within the human subtelomeres that suppress the accumulation of DNA damage at telomeric repeat DNA. These non-canonical subtelomeric p53-binding sites conferred transcription enhancer-like functions that include an increase in local histone H3K9 and H3K27 acetylation and stimulation of subtelome  ...[more]

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