Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

11

Exercise-induced mitochondrial translocation of p53 repairs mitochondrial DNA mutations


ABSTRACT: Exercise is a fundamental component of human health that is associated with greater life expectancy and reduced risk of chronic diseases. While the beneficial effects of endurance exercise on human health are well established, the molecular mechanisms responsible for these observations remain unclear. Endurance exercise reduces the accumulation of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations, alleviates multisystem pathology, and increases the lifespan of the mtDNA mutator mouse model of aging, in which the proof-reading capacity of mitochondrial polymerase gamma (POLG1) is deficient. Clearly, exercise recruited a POLG1-independent mtDNA repair pathway to induce these adaptations, a novel finding as POLG1 is canonically considered to be the sole mtDNA repair enzyme. Here we investigate the identity of this pathway, and show that endurance exercise prevents mitochondrial oxidative damage, attenuates telomere erosion, and mitigates cellular senescence and apoptosis in mtDNA mutator mice. Unexpectedly, we observe translocation of tumour suppressor protein p53 to mitochondria in response to endurance exercise that facilitates mtDNA mutation repair. Indeed, endurance exercise failed to prevent mtDNA mutations, induce mitochondrial biogenesis, preserve mitochondrial morphology, reverse sarcopenia, and mitigate premature mortality in mtDNA mutator mice with muscle-specific deletion of p53. Our data establish an exciting new role for p53 in exercise-mediated maintenance of the mtDNA genome, and presents mitochondrially-targeted p53 as a novel therapeutic modality for aging-associated diseases of mitochondrial etiology. Microarray analysis of gene expression from skeletal muscle (quadriceps femoris) from Mus musculus. N=23 samples per treatment were analysed for whole transcriptiome gene expression profile using NimbleGen Arrays. The treatment groups included wild-type C57Bl/6J mice as the control group, then two treatment groups which both contained homozygous knock-in mtDNA mutator mice (PolG; PolgAD257A/D257A). Once group of these heterozygous knock out mice received regular endurance exercise sessions while the other group remained sedentraty for 6 months. The control group specimens were wild-type litter mates to the transgenic knockout mice.

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Konstantin Khrapko   Glenn C Rowe  Jonathan P Little  Sandeep Raha  Michael De Lisio  Imtiaz A Samjoo  James Flynn  Yevgenya Kratysberg  Adeel Safdar  James M Flynn  Tomas A Prolla  Bart P Hettinga  Adam P Johnston  Yu Kitaoka  Gianni Parise  Ayesha Saleem  Zoltan Arany  Mahmood Akhtar  Daniel I Ogborn  Mark A Tarnopolsky 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-75869 | ArrayExpress | 2015-12-11

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE75869PRJNA305577

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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