Transcriptome sequencing of skeletal muscle for PRMT7 knockout mouse
ABSTRACT: We report that whole body PRMT7-/- adult mice display a significant reduction in in muscle mass. RNA sequencing was performed to identify potential PRMT7 targets. We found that top canonical pathways affected by the loss of PRMT7 includes cell cycle and senescence. RNA was extracted from tibialis anterior muscles harvested from 3 WT and 3 PRMT7 null mice at 8months. RNA sequencing was performed to compare mRNA in skeletal muscles between WT and KO mice.
Project description:The largest and most diverse class of eukaryotic transcription factors contain Cys2-His2 zinc fingers (C2H2-ZFs), each of which typically binds a DNA nucleotide triplet within a larger binding site. Frequent recombination and diversification of their DNA-contacting residues suggests that these zinc fingers play a prevalent role in adaptive evolution. Very little is known about the function and evolution of the vast majority of C2H2-ZFs, including whether they even bind DNA. We determined in vivo binding sites of 39 human C2H2-ZF proteins, and correlated them with potential functions for these proteins. We expressed GFP-tagged C2H2-ZF proteins in stable transgenic HEK293 cells. Chromatin immunoprecipitation was performed as described before (Schmidt et al., Methods, 2009), and ChIP samples along with several control samples from different experimental batches were sequenced on Illumina HiSeq 2000. Reads were mapped to hg19 (GRCh37) assembly, and peaks were identified by MACS using an experiment-specific background that controls for various biases, such as the Sono-Seq effect as well as potential co-purification of targets of other (interacting) proteins.
Project description:We sequenced the total mRNA from infected cells and detected differences in the expression of both host mRNA. We detected a small but significant suppression of T cell activation-related genes at 12 hpi. This suppression persisted and expanded by 24 hpi providing new possible markers of virus-induced T cell cytopathology. By 24 hpi the expression of over 50% of detectable host loci was also altered indicating widespread alteration of host processes including RNA processing, splicing, and transport to an extent not previously reported. In addition next-generation sequencing provided insights into the expression of non-coding RNAs including microRNA host genes. We isolated polyadenylated RNA from SUPT1 cells infected with HIV-1 strain LAI at 12 and 24 hours post-infection (3 replicates for each time point). As controls we isolated polyadenylated RNA from mock-infected cells at 12 and 24 hours post-infection (2 replicates at 12 hours post-infection, 3 replicates at 24 hours post-infection).
Project description:In response to infection, antigen-specific CD8+ T cells are primed in the T cell zone of secondary lymphoid organs and differentiate into cytotoxic effector T (TC) cells. Concurrently, CD4+ T cells differentiate into follicular helper T (TFH) cells that localize to B cell follicles and promote protective antibody responses. During unresolved infections, however, some viruses including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or Epstein–Barr virus (EBV) escape immune control and persist in TFH cells and B cells, respectively. Exclusion of Tc cells from B cell follicles is thought to be a major mechanism of immune evasion. New strategies are therefore needed to eradicate infected cells in follicles for a permanent cure. Using mouse infection models and human samples, we here identify a specialized group of TC cells expressing the chemokine receptor CXCR5 that can selectively enter B cell follicles and eradicate infected TFH and B cells. We demonstrate that differentiation of these cells, which we term follicular cytotoxic T (TFC) cells, requires the transcription factors Bcl6, E2A and Tcf1, whereas the transcriptional regulators Blimp1, Id3 and Id2 inhibit their development. We demonstrate that Blimp1 and E2A directly regulate Cxcr5 expression, and together with Bcl6 and Tcf1 form a transcriptional circuit that guides the TFC differentiation. The identification of a follicular subset of TC cells has far reaching implications for developing better strategies for the control of infections that target B cells and TFH cells and for the eradication of B cell derived malignancies. There is no associated input. The E2A Bio-ChIP-seq was performed with total thymocytes from Tcf3Bio/Bio Rosa26BirA/BirA mice
Project description:To study the function of chromatin regulators in hybrid gene expression, the histone deacetylase gene OsHDT1 was over-expressed or inactivated by RNAi in an elite rice parent. Digital analysis of gene expression using high throughput sequencing technology revealed several differential gene expression patterns in the hybrid, including additivity, nonadditivity and overdominance, etc. Alteration of OsHDT1 levels affected many genes specifically in the hybrid. In addition, we show that increased OsHDT1 could suppress overdominance gene expression, providing evidence of overdominance gene action in heterosis. These results not only support the overdominance hypothesis to explain heterosis, but also provide evidence that variation in the levels of single trans-acting regulatory proteins such as chromatin factors is important to establish differential gene expression pattern in the hybrid. High throughput sequencing technology was used to analyse gene differencial expression of 15 days old rice seedling of 5 samples, MH63(MH), ZS97(ZS), SY63(SY,hybrids of MH and ZS), overexpression of OsHDT1 in SY(FU), RNAi of OsHDT1 in SY(FR).
Project description:Versatile roles of REVOLUTA (REV), a Class III homeodomain-leucine zipper (HD-ZIP III) transcription factor, have been mainly depicted in Arabidopsis and Populus. In this study, we investigated the functions of its tomato homolog, namely SlREV. Over-expression of a microRNA166-resistant version of SlREV (35S::REVRis) not only resulted in vegetative abnormities such as curly leaves and fasciated stems, but also caused dramatic reproductive alterations including continuous production of flowers at pedicel abscission zone (AZ) and ectopic fruit formation on receptacles. Microscopic analysis showed that meristem-like structures continuously emerged out from the exodermises of pedicel AZs and ectopic carpels formed between the first and the second whorl of floral buds in 35S::REVRis plants. Therefore, we performed Illumina’s digital gene expression (DGE) system, a tag-based transcriptome sequencing methodTranscriptional data to dicover differential expressed genes in early buds (1-2 mm floral buds at stage 6-8) of overexpression line SlREVRis-1. The result suggests that SlREV may regulate genes related to meristem maintenance and cell differentiation in the development of flower pedicel abscission zone, and modulate genes in homodomain and MADS-box families and hormone pathways during fruit formation. These results reveal important roles of SlREV in tomato. 1-2 mm floral buds at stage 6-8 were sampled from three individual plants of 35S::REVRis-1 and corresponding WT control. Three aliquots of RNA from transgenic or WT plants were pooled. Then, the digital expression profile were generated by Illumina Cluster Station and Illumina HiSeq™ 2000 System (BGI Inc.).
Project description:We report the application of single-molecule-based sequencing technology for high-throughput profiling of transcriptome in mazie plants. The ZmPIS gene coding PtdIns synthase from maize with a maize ubiquitin promoter was transferred into maize. The transgenic ZmPIS maize showed enhanced drought tolerance compared to non-transgenic maize. The differentially expressed genes between wide-type maize and transgenic ZmPIS maize were detected by the assay of digital gene expression profile and real time RT-PCR datas. The results displayed that the overexpression of ZmPIS resulted in the expression levels changes of a large number of genes including genes involved in the phosphatidylinositol (PI) metabolic pathway, photosynthesis metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism, aminoacid metabolism and genes coding transcription factors. Examination of The differences of the transcriptional profile between wide-type maize and transgenic ZmPIS maize and analysis of the network regulated by the ZmPIS gene
Project description:We report the ability of the Drosha null/conditional-null mouse model to enable the identification of pri-miRNA transcripts. The conditional-null allele of Drosha phenocopies the null allele both in mESC and in mice, upon conversion to the null state with Cre. Examination of the effects of Drosha deficiency in mouse embryonic stem cells.
Project description:The present study profiled and analyzed gene expression of the maize ear at four key developmental stages. Based on genome-wide profile analysis, we detected differential mRNA of maize genes. Some of the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were predicted to be potential candidates of maize ear development. Several well-known genes were found with reported mutants analyses, such as, compact plant2 (ct2), zea AGAMOUS homolog1 (zag1), bearded ear (bde), and silky1 (si1). MicroRNAs such as microRNA156 were predicted to target genes involved in maize ear development. Antisense transcripts were widespread throughout all the four stages, and are suspected to play important roles in maize ear development. Thus, identification and characterization of important genes and regulators at all the four developmental stages will contribute to an improved understanding of the molecular mechanisms responsible for maize ear development. Seeds of the maize inbred line 18-599 (Maize Research Institute, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, China) were grown in a growth chamber at 24°C/18°C (day/night) with 12 h illumination per day. Ears were collected as described previously  at four developmental stages: the growth point elongation, spikelet differentiation, floret primordium differentiation, and the floret organ differentiation phases. In brief, ears were manually collected at the four developmental stages. All the samples were harvested and immediately frozen in liquid nitrogen, and stored at -80°C until used for RNA isolation.
Project description:Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is a progressive neuromuscular disorder caused by contractions of repetitive elements within the macrosatellite D4Z4 on chromosome 4q35. In order to develop mRNA-based biomarkers of affected muscles, we used GeneChip Gene 1.0 ST arrays for global analysis of gene expression in muscle biopsy specimens obtained from FSHD subjects and their unaffected first degree relatives. FSHD typically affects biceps muscles more severely than deltoid muscles. To examine muscle-specific expression changes associated with FSHD while controlling for background genetic variation, we analyzed RNA extracted from both biceps and deltoids of FSHD subjects and unaffected first-degree relatives.