Comparison of miRNA expression in HT29-tsp53 cells cultured at the permissive and restrictive temperatures
ABSTRACT: The p53 tumour suppressor is a transcription factor that can regulate the expression of numerous genes encoding either proteins or microRNAs (miRNAs). The predominant outcomes of a typical p53 response are the initiation of apoptotic cascades and the activation of cell cycle checkpoints. HT29-tsp53 cells express a temperature sensitive variant of p53 and in the absence of exogenous DNA damage, these cells preferentially undergo G1 phase cell cycle arrest at the permissive temperature that correlates with increased expression of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21WAF1. Recent evidence also suggests that a variety of miRNAs can induce G1 arrest by inhibiting the expression of proteins like CDK4 and CDK6. Here we used oligonucleotide microarrays to identify p53-regulated miRNAs that are induced in these cells undergoing G1 arrest. At the permissive temperature, the expression of several miRNAs was increased through a combination of either transcriptional or post-transcriptional regulation. In particular, miR-34a-5p, miR-143-3p and miR-145-5p were strongly induced and they reached levels comparable to that of reference miRNAs (miR-191 and miR-103). Importantly, miR-34a-5p and miR-145-5p are known to silence the Cdk4 and/or Cdk6 G1 cyclin-dependent kinases (cdks). Surprisingly, there was no p53-dependent decrease in the expression of either of these G1 cdks. To search for other potential targets of p53-regulated miRNAs, p53-downregulated mRNAs were identified through parallel microarray analysis of mRNA expression. Once again, there was no clear effect of p53 on the repression of mRNAs under these conditions despite a remarkable increase in p53-induced mRNA expression. Therefore, despite a strong p53 transcriptional response, there was no clear evidence that p53-responsive miRNA contributed to gene silencing. Taken together, the changes in cell cycle distribution in this cell line at the permissive temperature is likely attributable to transcriptional upregulation of the CDKN1A mRNA and p21WAF1 protein and not to the down regulation of CDK4 or CDK6 by p53-regulated miRNAs. Two independent experiments were performed with 2 samples in each experiment (1 control and 1 treatment condition). In the control sample, RNA was isolated cells maintained at the restrictive temperature (37˚C). The treatment treated sample, was incubated for 16 hours at the permissive temperature (32˚C).
ORGANISM(S): Homo Sapiens
SUBMITTER: Hadil Sayed Jeff D Hamill Bruce McKay Rhea Alonzi Erin Vanzyl Teaghan Rambo Kristen A Marcellus Bruce C McKay Victoria Tolls Alyssa Pastic Miguel A Cabrita Elysia Pan
PROVIDER: E-GEOD-76576 | ArrayExpress | 2016-01-07
SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE76576PRJNA308078
REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress