MiRNA expression data from the hearts of murine myocardial infarction model
ABSTRACT: Sexual dimorphisms are well recognized in various cardiac diseases, including myocardial infarction (MI). MI develops later in women, but once established, it contributes more persistent symptoms and higher mortality than in men. Similar observations have been reported in murine model of MI. Although mRNA-level sexual dimorphism of MI have been reported, whether miRNA transcriptome also confers such dimorphism remains unknown. Comprehensive understanding of the mRNA- and miRNA-level genetic programs underlying the heart sexual dimorphisms will expectedly improve clinical outcome by facilitating the development of gender specific treatment strategies. Here, by conducting miRNA microarray analysis of murine MI model samples, we set out to characterize the heart sexual dimorphisms at the level of miRNA transcriptome The left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery of mice aged 10 weeks was surgically ligated to create extensive MI. The ventricular septum of the areas at risk of ischemia was sampled on post-operative day 28. Total RNA was extracted using Sepasol solution (Sepasol-RNA I super G, nakalai tesque, Japan), and microarray analysis was performed using Affymetrix GeneChip® miRNA 3.0 Arrays
Project description:Sexual dimorphisms are well recognized in various cardiac diseases, including myocardial infarction (MI). MI develops later in women, but once established, it contributes more persistent symptoms and higher mortality than in men. Although mRNA-level sexual dimorphism of MI have been reported, whether miRNA transcriptome also confers such dimorphism remains unknown. Comprehensive understanding of the mRNA- and miRNA-level genetic programs underlying the heart sexual dimorphisms will expectedly improve clinical outcome by facilitating the development of gender specific treatment strategies. Here, by conducting miRNA microarray analysis of human MI samples, we set out to characterize the heart sexual dimorphisms at the level of miRNA transcriptome Human tissue samples, acquired during post-mortem examination and frozen in liquid nitrogen, were provided by the department of pathology, Tokyo Metropolitan Geriatric Hospital after the approval from the ethical committee. Age- and sex-matched cohorts were selected to compare healthy hearts to those with post-MI LV remodeling. Border zone for myocardial infarction was sampled. Total RNA was extracted using Sepasol solution (Sepasol-RNA I super G, nakalai tesque, Japan), and microarray analysis was performed using Affymetrix GeneChip® miRNA 3.0 Arrays
Project description:Cardiac hypertrophy can lead to heart failure, and is induced either by physiological stimuli eg postnatal development, chronic exrcise training or pathological stimuli eg pressure or volume overload. This data set looks at microRNA profiles in mouse models to examine whether phosphoinositide 3-kinase (p110 alpha isoform) activity is critical for the maintenance of cardiac function and long term survival in a seeting of heart failure (myocardial infarction). The significance and expected outcome are to recognise genes involved in models of heart failure and attempt to examine underlying regulator pathways involved in possible cardica maintenance in the PI3K mouse model. The matching mRNA gene expression profile (GSE7487) is examined to look for mRNA and microRNA interactions. miRNA expression correlates directly with cardiac function. PI3K regulon ameliorates cardiac stress. Keywords: microRNA profiling, regulatory pathway discovery, genotype comparison Ntg (non-transgenics), dnPI3K (cardiac-specific transgenic model with reduced PI3K activity) and caPI3K (transgenic mice with increased PI3K activity) mice at 3-4 months of age were used. Mice were then subjected to myocardial infarction (occlusion of the left anterior descending aorta) and sham (open heart surgery) for 8 weeks. Left ventricles were harvested. The resulting 6 experimental models were profiled accordingly. The assignment of the mouse models is as follows: caPI3K Sham, Ntg Sham, dnPI3K Sham, caPI3K MI (myocardial infarction), Ntg MI and dnPI3K MI with n = 4 in each group.
Project description:The prevalence of some autoimmune diseases (AID) is greater in females compared with males, notwithstanding that disease severity is often greater in males. The reason for this sexual dimorphism (SD) is unknown, but may reflect negative selection of Y chromosome (ChrY) bearing sperm during spermatogenesis or male fetuses early in the course of conception/pregnancy. Previously, we showed that the SD in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is associated with copy number variation (CNV) in ChrY multicopy genes. Here, we test the hypothesis that CNV in ChrY multicopy genes influences the paternal parent-of-origin effect on EAE susceptibility in female mice. We show that C57BL/6J consomic strains of mice possessing an identical ChrX and CNV in ChrY multicopy genes exhibit a female biased sex-ratio and sperm head abnormalities, consistent with X-Y intragenomic conflict arising from an imbalance in CNV between homologous ChrX:ChrY multicopy genes. These males also display paternal transmission of EAE to female offspring and differential loading of miRNAs within the sperm nucleus. These findings provide evidence for a genetic mechanism at the level of the male gamete that contributes to the SD in EAE and paternal parent-of-origin effects in female mice, raising the possibility that a similar mechanism may contribute to the SD in MS. miRNA expression was analyzed in epidydimal sperm pooled from 5 mice for each replicate per strain.
Project description:Our study was designed to identify plasma miRNAs specific for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) by a comprehensive array approach. We performed a array-based miRNA analysis on plasma samples from three RA patients and three healthy controls (HCs). TaqMan Low-Density Array (TLDA) using human miRNA version 3.0A and version 2.0B cards (Applied Biosystems) were applied to examine the global change of miRNA expression levels in plasma from patients with RA and healthy controls. A total of 756 mature miRNA updated in the Sanger miRBase v.15.0 were quantified according to the manufacturer's instructions as previously described. Normalization was carried out with the average Ct value of all miRNAs. Relative quantification of miRNA expression was calculated with the 2−ΔΔCt Ct method. The data was presented as log10 of the relative quantity of each miRNA.
Project description:Characterisation of M2-like macrophage in terms of gene expression level. The hypothesis tested in the present study was that M2-like macrophages in myocardial infarction (MI) heart have upregulation of genes relevant to cardiac repair. The results obtained showed tha various tanti-inflammatory and reparative genes were upregulated in M2-like macrophage from MI heart compared to those from intact hearts. M2-like macrophages from the heart (either MI or intact) were distinct from those in the peritoneal cavity. Overall design: Total RNA obtained from M2-like macrophages from peritoneal cavity, intact heart and myocardial infarction heart.
Project description:We characterized single-cell transcriptional profiles of the cardiac non-myocyte cell pool in C57BL/6J mice. The cell preparation we sequenced consisted of metabolically active, nucleated non-myocyte cells from heart ventricles of female and male mice which were depleted of endothelial cells. The goals of this experiment included examining cellular diversity, identifying markers of understudied cell populations, exploring functional roles of different cell types, and characterizing sexual dimorphism in cardiac gene expression.
Project description:Sexual dimorphism of the behaviors or physiological functions in mammals is mainly due to the sex difference of the brain. The goal of this study is to identify genes mediating sexaul dimorphism of the brain. The large-scale analysis with microarray in the present study is an attempt to obtain the candidate gene(s) mediating the perinatal estrogen effect causing the brain sexual differentiation. Thirty female mice were injected with estradiol benzoate (EB) or vehicle on the day of birth, and the hypothalamus was collected at either 1, 3, 6, 12, or 24 h after the EB injection.