Comparison of gene expression between Human umbilical vein endothelial cells and Human liver sinusoidal endothelial cells
ABSTRACT: To identify leukocyte adhesion receptors which differentially regulate recruitment in human liver sinusoidal endothelial cells compared to a protoptypic venular endothelium Gene expression was measured in four groups Group 1: cultured human liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (HSEC) Group 2: cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) Group3: Interferon gamma and tumour necrosisfactor alpha treated HSEC and Group 4: Interferon gamma and tumour necrosisfactor alpha treated HUVEC. Two replicates were used for each group.
The recruitment of lymphocytes via the hepatic sinusoidal channels and positioning within liver tissue is a critical event in the development and persistence of chronic inflammatory liver diseases. The hepatic sinusoid is a unique vascular bed lined by hepatic sinusoidal endothelial cells (HSECs), a functionally and phenotypically distinct subpopulation of endothelial cells. Using flow-based adhesion assays to study the migration of lymphocytes across primary human HSECs, we found that lymphocyt ...[more]
Project description:mRNA expression after Ezh2 knock down was analyzed to identify genes regulated by Ezh2. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) were transfected with 25 nmol/L of control small interfering RNA (siRNA) (Silencer Select Negative Control Ambion, Austin, TX) or siRNA directed against Ezh2 (s4918; Ambion) using Oligofectamine (Invitrogen). Total RNA was harvested 72 hours after transfection.
Project description:To test our hypothesis that human embryonic stem cell-derived endothelial cells(hESC-ECs) represent their in vivo counterparts, we performed transcriptional profiling experiments in which we compared the gene expression profiles of d6 CD34+KDR+ cells, d12-14 hESC-ECs and human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVECs). Significantly upregulated genes were identified using significance analysis of microarrays (SAM), by comparing each of these populations to undifferentiated hESCs. Differentially regulated genes from each of these populations were examined using overlap analysis;to identify which genes are uniquely expressed in each cell type and which are expressed in common, followed by functional annotation clustering of the conserved core group of genes.
Project description:To further investigate the mechanism how the decline in Notch signaling induces premature senescence in endothelial cells, we performed microarray analysis and identified Id1 nd DUSP1 as the downstream molecules of Notch pathway. In quantitative PCR and western blot analyses, the expression level of Id1 and DUSP1 increased in Notch1 over-expressing endothelial cells and decreased in knockdown similar to the result of microarray. The gene expression of human unbilical endothelial vein cells (HUVEC) infected with retroviral vectors encoding Jagged1, Jagged1-shRNA, or Notch1-shRNA. HUVEC infected with empty vector was used as a control. In each genotypes, three independent lines at passage 8 were performed.
Project description:Effect of TNF-alpha on microRNAs levels in Human Umbilical Endothelial Cells (HUVECs). HUVEC that were treated or not for 2 or 24 hours with TNF (10 ng/ml). Duplicate samples (1 or 2) of two different isolations of HUVEC (A or B)
Project description:Whole transcriptome comparisons of proliferating pure cultures of neonatal dermal microvacsular endothelial cells to infantile hemangioma endothelial cells. The total RNA was obtained from human dermal microvascular endothelial cells and infantile hemangioma endothelial cells. Illumina microarrays were performed to determine the whole genome expression differences between the cell lines.
Project description:To compare the gene expression profiles of unpassaged, proliferating HUVEC and human iris, retinal and choroidal microvascular endothelial cells. Gene expression profiling revealed significant differences between HUVEC and ocular microvascular endothelial cells suggesting that HUVE cells may not be a suitable surrogate when studying pathophysiological mechanisms of ocular disorders. There were significant differences in the gene expression of important cell signalling pathways in human retinal and choroidal ECs. These differences may be important in the mechanisms and treatment of choroidal and retinal neovascularisation. 12 arrays are included. Endothelial cells were derived from 4 tissues: iris, retina, choroid and human umbilical vein. RNA extracts from cells were hybridised to Affymetrix HGU133plus2 arrays in triplicate.
Project description:We report the transcriptome human primary hepatocytes and liver sinusoidal endothelial cells. Hepatocytes were obtained from commercial sources. LSECs were isolated based on the coexpression of Tie2 and CD32b, te strategy of purification controlled by RNA-Seq. Comparison of the expression of the Tie-2, CD32b, SELP, FVIII, VWF, Alb, Fg, F7genes
Project description:Intestinal fibrosis is a well-known complication of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and has important clinical implications for both forms of IBD, Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). In addition to mesenchymal cells, endothelial cell contribute to organ fibrosis through the process of endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndoMT). Our aim was to investigate if human intestinal microvascular endothelial cells (HIMEC) can undergo EndoMT, produce extracellular matrix, and contribute to fibrosis in both forms of IBD. Cellular transformation is a highly complex event involving drastic changes in multiple gene expression levels. To assess global genomic changes accompanying HIMEC transformation, we performed microarray analysis comparing transformed to non-transformed/untreated HIMEC. Consistent with the morphological, phenotypic and functional findings, transformed HIMEC downregulated the expression levels of genes typically expressed in endothelial cells and upregulated several genes of ECM molecules known to be increased in intestinal fibrosis. Thus, it is evident that inflammatory stimuli induce transdifferentiation of HIMEC into matrix-producing mesenchymal cells. Because the conditions inducing transformation in vitro reproduce those found in vivo during active gut inflammation, the microvasculature may contribute to IBD-associated fibrosis through the novel process of EndoMT. This series includes all untreated or CONTROL HIMEC samples (4). Surgically resected specimens were used for isolation of human intestinal microvascular endothelial cells (HIMEC). HIMEC monolayers derived from intestinal mucosa of four different subjects – 2 controls, 1 ulcerative colitis, and 1 crohns were cultured in 75cm2 tissue culture flasks coated with fibronectin. Cells were left untreated (unstimulated/non-transformed) or exposed to the combination of IL-1b 100 U/ml, TNF-a 100 U/ml and TGF-b1, 5ng/ml (TGFTNFIL1) for six days. HIMEC medium was changed every 3 days. Total ribonucleic acid (RNA) was extracted using a commercially available kit (Qiagen®). RNA was reverse transcribed into cRNA which was then hybridized to the Illumina HumanRef-8 v2 Expression BeadChip. The raw gene expression datasets were processed to remove outliers, log2 transformed and quantile normalized using R lumi software. Those genes that satisfied the FDR p-value threshold of < 0.05 or raw p-value of <0.001 were identified as significant for the functional pathway and network analysis.