Transcriptomics,Genomics,Multiomics

Dataset Information

88

MLL1 is essential for the senescence-associated secretory phenotype


ABSTRACT: This SuperSeries is composed of the SubSeries listed below. Oncogene-induced senescence (OIS) and therapy-induced senescence (TIS), while tumor-suppressive, also promote procarcinogenic effects by activating the DNA damage response (DDR), which in turn induces inflammation. This inflammatory response prominently includes an array of cytokines known as the senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP). Previous observations link the transcription-associated methyltransferase and oncoprotein MLL1 to the DDR, leading us to investigate the role of MLL1 in SASP expression. Our findings reveal direct MLL1 epigenetic control over proproliferative cell cycle genes: MLL1 inhibition represses expression of proproliferative cell cycle regulators required for DNA replication and DDR activation, thus disabling SASP expression. Strikingly, however, these effects of MLL1 inhibition on SASP gene expression do not impair OIS and, furthermore, abolish the ability of the SASP to enhance cancer cell proliferation. More broadly, MLL1 inhibition also reduces “SASP-like” inflammatory gene expression from cancer cells in vitro and in vivo independently of senescence. Taken together, these data demonstrate that MLL1 inhibition may be a powerful and effective strategy for inducing cancerous growth arrest through the direct epigenetic regulation of proliferation-promoting genes and the avoidance of deleterious OIS- or TIS-related tumor secretomes, which can promote both drug resistance and tumor progression. Previously published samples GSM1135046, GSM1135044, GSM1135047, and GSM1135045 were also studied in this investigation and appear in GSE36641. This did not involve re-sequencing or re-alignment, nor any other deviation from the data protocols in that series. Refer to individual Series

OTHER RELATED OMICS DATASETS IN: E-GEOD-46817

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Gregory Donahue   

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-78142 | ArrayExpress | 2016-02-27

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE78142PRJNA312765

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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Publications


Oncogene-induced senescence (OIS) and therapy-induced senescence (TIS), while tumor-suppressive, also promote procarcinogenic effects by activating the DNA damage response (DDR), which in turn induces inflammation. This inflammatory response prominently includes an array of cytokines known as the senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP). Previous observations link the transcription-associated methyltransferase and oncoprotein MLL1 to the DDR, leading us to investigate the role of MLL1 in  ...[more]

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