Dataset Information


The retinoblastoma protein regulates hypoxia-inducible genetic programs, tumor cell invasiveness and neuroendocrine differentiation in prostate cancer cells

ABSTRACT: Loss of tumor suppressor proteins, such as the retinoblastoma protein (Rb), results in tumor progression and metastasis. Metastasis is facilitated by low oxygen availability within the tumor that is detected by hypoxia inducible factors (HIFs). The HIF1 complex, HIF1α and dimerization partner the aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator (ARNT), is the master regulator of the hypoxic response. Previously, we demonstrated that Rb represses the transcriptional response to hypoxia by virtue of its association with HIF1. In this report, we further characterized the role of Rb in HIF1-regulated genetic programs by stably ablating Rb expression with retrovirally-introduced short hairpin RNA in LNCaP and 22Rv1 human prostate cancer cells. DNA microarray analysis revealed that Rb regulates specific chromosomal gene clusters and loss of Rb in conjunction with hypoxia leads to dysregulation of HIF1-regulated genetic programs that increase cell invasion and promote neuroendocrine differentiation. For the first time, we have established a direct link between hypoxic tumor environments, Rb inactivation and progression to late stage metastatic neuroendocrine prostate cancer. Understanding the molecular pathways responsible for progression of benign prostate tumors to metastasized and lethal forms will aid in the development of more effective prostate cancer therapies. RNAs derived from human LNCaP cells stably infected with either scrambled control shRNA or a shRNA directed to RB1. Cells were exposed to either 24 h hypoxia (1% O2) or maintained under normoxic conditions. Biological triplicates were tested and compared.

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Michael E Cox   Timothy V Beischlag  Shawn Anderson 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-78245 | ArrayExpress | 2016-02-24



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