Gene expression analysis in NB adherent primary cell lines after endothelin-1 treatment
ABSTRACT: We cultured adherent primary cell lines from NB tumor samples. Adherent primary cell lines from NB tumor samples have a subpopulation of neural crest progenitors that grow as spheres when cultured in low-binding conditions. We tested the changes in gene expression induced by endothelin-1 (ET1), a cytokine that regulates proliferation, migration, differentiation and survival of NC cells .
Project description:Transcriptional profile of PCSC spheres in SCM-1% KO (stem-like cells) vs adherent cultures in PCSC-Celprogen medium (differentiated-like cells) Two-condition experiment: Sphere vs. Parental/adherent cells. Biological replicates: 2 sphere replicates , 2 adherent replicates. Early passaged tumor cells were expanded in adherent conditions and then plated in sphere forming conditions (SCM-1KO% medium at low density) to isolate sphere growing cells.
Project description:To determine if aberrant activation of endothelin-1 (Et1) could lead to the dysregulation of many downstream genes, we exposed fibroblasts to exogenous ET1 peptide and assayed for transcriptional changes by microarray. Mouse dermal fibroblasts were treated with exogenous Et1 peptide for 24 hours. ET1 treatment resulted in significant expression changes - primarily downregulation - of a number of genes. In particular, Tgf-beta-2 and Tgf-beta-3 were among the downregulated genes, which in turn alter the expression status of their many target genes. These data suggest that the stable silencing of Et1 is important for the phenotypic stability of dermal fibroblasts, and perhaps many other cell types as well.<br><br>Three separate biological replicates were derived for both control and treated samples. The primary dermal fibroblasts were derived by explant procedure from the skin of mouse pups aged 0-3 days. By passage 5, cells were split to two separate cultures-- one with 100nM synthetic Et1 peptide added to the medium (treated) and the other with nothing added (control). Cells were exposed to Et1 for 24 hrs, then treated and control populations were harvested for total RNA.
Project description:Mouse primary dermal fibroblasts were treated with 100 nM endothelin-1 (ET1) synthetic peptide for 24 hours. Control samples received no ET1 peptide. The experiment compared treated to untreated to identify gene expression changes due to ET1 exposure. There are three biological replicates for both control and treated samples. These biological replicates represent separate derivations of primary dermal fibroblasts from genetically identical mouse litters aged 0-3 days.
Project description:We have recently demonstrated that human paediatric mesenchymal stem cells can be reprogrammed toward a Ewing’s sarcoma family tumor (ESFT) cancer stem cell (CSC) phenotype by mechanisms that implicate microRNAs (miRNAs). Here, we show that the miRNA profile of ESFT CSC is shared by embryonic stem cells and CSC from divergent tumor types. We also provide evidence that the miRNA profile of ESFT CSC is the result of reversible disruption of TARBP2-dependent miRNA maturation. Restoration of TARBP2 activity and systemic delivery of synthetic forms of either of two of its targets, miRNA-143 or miRNA-145, inhibited ESFT CSC clonogenicity and tumor growth in vivo. Our observations suggest that CSC self-renewal and tumor initiation may depend on deregulation of TARBP2-dependent miRNA expression. 2 Ewing sarcoma primary samples: comparison between spheres and derived adherent cells.
Project description:Microarry based whole genome expression analysis was done for the more tumorigenic CaSki spheroids cultures and the less tumorigenic CaSki adherent cultures to identify signaling mechanisms that vary between the two populations. Subsequent to this, an independent array was done to characterize the differences in gene expression between the cancer stem cell-like Lin-CD66+ and the bulk Lin- CD66- cells isolated from primary human cervical carcinomas. The second array was custom-designed and had genes implicated in stemness, epithelial differentiation, signaling pathways implicated in stemness (Notch and Wnt) and cell cylce-regulation. Microarray analysis of CaSki cell line grown as spheroids and adherent conditions
Project description:MSC-adherent hematopoietic stem and progenotir cells (HSPC) express adhesion-associated genes at higher levels than non-adherent cells while cell-cycle and differentiation-associated genes are not significantly changed between the two cell populations. We used microarray to confirm identity of MSC-adherent and non-adherent cord blood-derived HSPCs and to exclude that cell cycle and differentiation affect adhesive capacity. CD34 positive cells were isolated from human cord blood (not older than 24h), expanded for 3 days and assayed for the adhesion to MSC. The adherent and non-adherent live CD34+ cells were sorted and total RNA was extracted.
Project description:Dr. Ladisch's work focuses on the establishment of the biological significance of gangliosides that are shed by tumor cells, particularly those involved in pediatric cancers, including brain tumors and neuroblastoma. These studies are directed toward illuminating the hypothesis that shed gangliosides enhance tumor formation, possibly both by inhibiting the antitumor immune response and by enhancing growth factor-induced signaling and proliferation of fibrobalsts and vascular endotheilial cells in the tumor microenvironment. Delineation of the signaling pathways affected by ganglioside exposure is currently under study. The effect of retinoic acid on the mRNA levels of ganglioside glycosyltransferases in neuroblastoma cells in vitro Experiment to determine mRNA expression for ganglioside glycosyltransferases in NB cells (untreated versus treated with ATRA) using the Glyco-gene Chip by the Consortium for Functional Glycomics. Human NB cell lines LAN-5 were incubated with 10 µM of all-trans retinoic acid or untreated as control, and total RNA harvested after 24 hours, 72 hours and 120 hours of exposure to retinoic acid. We performed three independent experiments on either cell line so that for each cell line and each time point three replicates were be obtained (total: 18 chips). Glycosyltransferases of particular interest are LacCer synthase, GlucCer synthase, GM3 synthase, GD3 synthase, GM2/GD2 synthase, GD1b/GM1a synthase, GT1b/GD1a synthase and GQ1b/GT1a synthase.
Project description:The goal of this study is to elucidate the molecular mechanism that allowed NB-1 xenograft tumors to grow out in the presence of continued ALK inhibition. Poly(A)-selected RNA was extracted from tissues of NB-1 tumors that progressed on ceritinib treatment and those treated with a vehicle to identify differentially expressed genes between these two groups. Overall design: mRNA profiles of NB-1 xenograft tumors that progressed on ceritinib treatment and those treated with a vehicle were generated by RNA sequencing, in duplicate, using Illumina HiSeq 2500.