ABSTRACT: we report a novel nanomedicine (Gd@C82(OH)22 ) effectively inhibit human breast tumor growth by antiangiogenesis in vivo. To further identify which angiogenic factor(s) were affected on mRNA level, the "RT² Profiler™ PCR Array Mouse Angiogenesis (APMM-024, SuperArray Bioscience Corporation)" was used. Keywords: nanomedicine, Gd@C82(OH)22, angiogenesis, MCF-7, breast cancer In the experimental group, the tumor bearing mice were administered intraperitoneally (i.p.) [Gd@C82(OH)22]n saline solution once a day at the dose of 2.5mM/kg, after the tumor tissue implantation into the animal for 7 days, continuing until the mice were sacrificed. The 0.9% saline soultion was used as control. At the end of the experiment, parts of the tumor tissue was collected, and further be analyzed by PCR-array.
Project description:Global mRNA expression profiling of patient derived pancreatic carcinoma xenograft Bo63 were collected using Agilent human whole genome array (G4845A AMADID 026652, cRNA 4x44k V2) . Two different sources of RNA were analyzed: 1.) Bo63 xenograft tumors grown on nude mice treated with vehicle only as control. 2.) Bo63 xenograft tumor grown on nude mice treated with JQ1 and SAHA (SAHA 25 mg/kg 1-0-0 and JQ1 50 mg/kg 0-0-1, treatment was imitated when tumor size reached 200 mm³ +/- 20 mm³. Two conditions (vehicle vs JQ1-SAHA treatment), each condition is represented by 3-4 biological replicates
Project description:Mutations in Hedgehog (Hh) pathway genes, leading to constitutive activation of Smoothened (Smo), occur in sporadic medulloblastoma, the most common brain cancer in children. Antagonists of Smo induce tumor regression in mouse models of medulloblastoma and hold great promise for targeted therapy for this tumor. However, acquired resistance has emerged as one of the major challenges of targeted cancer therapy. Here, we describe novel mechanisms of acquired resistance to Smo antagonists in medulloblastoma. NVP-LDE225, a potent and selective Smo antagonist, inhibits Hh signaling and induces tumor regressions in allograft models of medulloblastoma that are driven by mutations of Patched (Ptch), a tumor suppressor in the Hh pathway. However, after long-term treatment, evidence of acquired resistance was observed. Genome-wide profiling of resistant tumors revealed distinct mechanisms to evade the inhibitory effects of Smo antagonists. Chromosomal amplification of Gli2, a downstream effector of Hh signaling, reactivated Hh signaling and restored tumor growth. Analysis of pathway gene-expression signatures selectively deregulated in resistant tumors identified increased phosphoinosite-3-kinase (PI3K) signaling as another potential resistance mechanism. Probing the functional relevance of increased PI3K signaling, we showed that the combination of NVP-LDE225 with the dual PI3K/mTOR inhibitor NVP-BEZ235 markedly delayed the development of resistance. Our findings have important clinical implications for future treatment strategies in medulloblastoma. mRNA profiling: RNA was prepared from tumours from vehicle or NVP-LDE225 treated nude mice allografted with medulloblastoma tumors derived from Ptch+/-p53-/- transgenic mouse and hybridized on Affymetrix Mouse Genome 430 2.0 RNA expression array. The dosage terminology (BID & QD) reflects the dosing schedule, where BID = twice a day, QD = once a day. aCGH: DNA was prepared from tumors from vehicle or NVP-LDE225 treated nude mice allografted with medulloblastoma tumors derived from Ptch+/-p53-/- transgenic mouse and hybridized on Agilent mouse CGH 244K Array.
Project description:Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is one of the most common malignancies that arise in the salivary glands, with an incidence of 4.5 per 1,000,000. It can also arise in glandular tissue closely related to salivary glands in the lacrimal gland, nasal passages and tracheobronchial tree, as well as in glands of the breast and vulva. At all of these sites, it is characterized by a distinctive histology of basaloid epithelial cells arranged in cribriform or tubular patterns, usually demonstrating abundant hyaline extracellular matrix secretion and some degree of myoepithelial differentiation. ACC is generally a slow-growing tumor characterized by a protracted clinical course, usually well over 5 years in duration, marked by regional recurrence, distant metastasis and/or spread along peripheral nerves. A recurrent chromosomal translocation, t(6;9)(q23;p21), has been identified in ACC, and recently it has been discovered that in a majority of ACC the MYB gene on chromosome 6 is fused to the 3’ terminus of the NFIB gene on chromosome 9, creating a fusion gene product resulting in increased MYB-related transcriptional activation. Recently it has been determined that most cell lines with attribution of ACC derivation are either contaminants of other cell lines or do not have the characteristic MYB-NFIB translocation. Also, there are no animal models of this histologically and genetically defined tumor type. To address the paucity of experimental and pre-clinical models systems of ACC, we have for several years been establishing xenograft tumor lines from clinical samples of ACC. We describe our experience with these models and their characterization here. Analysis of 12 xenografts of human adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) along with 10 samples of ACC directly from humans. Note, that 12 of these samples are paired primary ACC & xenograft ACC from the same individual (6 pairs in total).
Project description:We show that the small molecule enoxacin, a fluroquinolone used as an antibacterial compound, enhances the production of miRNAs with tumor suppressor functions by its binding to the microRNA biosynthesis protein TRBP. The use of enoxacin in human cell cultures and xenografted, orthotopic and metastases mice models demonstrate a TRBP-dependent and cancer-specific growth inhibitory effect of the drug.
Project description:Nude mice were allografted with medulloblastoma tumors derived from Ptch+/-HIC+/- transgenic mouse and treated with vehicle or NVP-LDE225. RNA was prepared from tumours from vehicle or NVP-LDE225 treated nude mice allografted with medulloblastoma tumors derived from Ptch+/-HIC+/- transgenic mouse and hybridized on the Affymetrix Mouse Genome 430A 2.0 RNA expression microarray.
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE22005: Medulloblastoma tumors derived from Ptch+/-HIC+/- transgenic mouse allografted in nude mice GSE22006: Medulloblastoma tumors derived from Ptch+/-p53-/- transgenic mouse allografted in nude mice Refer to individual Series
Project description:Nude mice were allografted with medulloblastoma tumors derived from Ptch+/-p53-/- transgenic mouse and treated with vehicle or NVP-LDE225. RNA was prepared from tumours from vehicle or NVP-LDE225 treated nude mice allografted with medulloblastoma tumors derived from Ptch+/-p53-/- transgenic mouse and hybridized on the Affymetrix Mouse Genome 430A 2.0 RNA expression microarray.
Project description:Ablation of tetraspanin protein TSPAN12 from human MDA-MB-231 cells resulted in a major decrease in primary tumor xenograft growth, accompanied by a significant increase in tumor apoptosis. Furthermore, TSPAN12 removal markedly increased metastasis to mouse lungs, due to enhanced tumor-endothelial interactions. Removal of TSPAN12 from human MDA-MB-231 cells also caused substantial proteosomal degradation of β-catenin, a key effecter of canonical Wnt signalling. This may be explained by TSPAN12 ablation leading to diminished association between FZD4 (a key receptor in the canonical Wnt pathway) and its co-receptor LRP5. Consistent with disruption of canonical Wnt signaling, TSPAN12 ablation altered the expression of LRP5, Naked 1 and 2, DVL2, DVL3, Axin 1 and GSKβ3 proteins, and also altered expression of several genes regulated by β-catenin. In conclusion, these results provide the first evidence for TSPAN12 playing a role in supporting primary tumor growth and suppressing metastasis. TSPAN12 appears to function by stabilizing FZD4-LRP5 association, in support of canonical Wnt-pathway signaling, leading to enhanced β-catenin expression and function. 4 samples = 2 Control + 2 TSPAN12KD
Project description:(R,R’)-4-methoxy-1-naphthylfenoterol (MNF) inhibits in vitro proliferation of several types of cancer cell lines. In this study, the in vivo antitumor effects of MNF were evaluated using rat C6 glioma cells implanted subcutaneously into the lower flank of 5 week-old NMRI/Nude female Swiss mice. Three days after the inoculation, the mice were subjected to intraperitoneal injections of saline or MNF (2mg/kg) for five days per week for16 days. Tumor volumes were measured everyday using slide calipers. Significant reductions in mean tumor volumes were observed in mice receiving MNF when compared with the saline-treated group (p<0.001, n=17-19). At the end of the study, animals were sacrificed and tumors were collected for cDNA microarray, quantitative RT-PCR and immunoblot analyses. Significant decrease in expression of genes involved in cellular proliferation, including mitotic checkpoint kinase MAD3L (Bub1b), cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 3 (Cdkn3) and cyclin A2 (Ccna2), as well as molecular markers for glioblastoma, such as oligodendrocyte transcription factor 1 (Olig1) and SRY-box 4 (Sox4) was observed in tumors of MNF-treated mice as compared to saline-injected controls. The efficacy of MNF against C6 glioma cancer in vivo was accompanied by marked reduction in the expression of cell cycle regulator proteins, including cyclin A and cyclin D1, in tumor extracts. This study is the first demonstration of MNF-dependent chemoprevention in a glioblastoma xenograft model in the mouse and may offer a potential mechanism for its anticancer action in vivo. Keywords: fenoterol derivative; C6 glioma; tumor xenografts; microarray analysis; Total RNA was isolated from rat C6 glioma xenografts harvested from vehicle and MNF-treated nude mice (n = 3 per group, cohort 1). This analysis was repeated in a second cohort of animals (n = 3 per group, cohort 2). Total cellular RNA was extracted using an RNeasy plus mini kit (QIAGEN, Valencia, CA), and its quality was assessed using an Agilent BioAnalyzer using RNA 6000 Nano Chips (Agilent Technologies, Santa Clara, CA). Transcriptional profiling was determined using Illumina Sentrix BeadChips (Illumina, San Diego, CA). Total RNA was used to generate biotin-labeled cRNA with the Illumina TotalPrep RNA Amplification Kit. In short, 0.5ug of total RNA was first converted into single-stranded cDNA with reverse transcriptase using an oligo-dT primer containing the T7 RNA polymerase promoter site and then copied to produce double-stranded cDNA molecules. The double-stranded cDNA was cleaned and concentrated with the supplied columns and used in an overnight in-vitro transcription reaction where single-stranded RNA (cRNA) was generated incorporating biotin-16-UTP. A total of 0.75µg of biotin-labeled cRNA was hybridized at 58 °C for 16 h to Illumina's Sentrix Rat Ref-12 Expression BeadChips. The arrays were washed, blocked and the labeled cRNA was detected by staining with streptavidin-Cy3. Hybridized arrays were scanned using an Illumina BeadStation 500X Genetic Analysis Systems scanner and the image data extracted using Illumina’s GenomeStudio software, version 1.6.1. For statistical analysis, the expression data were filtered to include only probes with a consistent signal on each chip and an Illumina detection p value < 0.02.