Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

2

Disease Severity and Immune Activity Relate to Inter-Kingdom Gut Microbiome States in Ethnically Distinct Ulcerative Colitis Patients


ABSTRACT: Significant gut microbiota heterogeneity exists amongst UC patients though the clinical implications of this variance are unknown. European and South Asian UC patients exhibit distinct disease risk alleles, many of which regulate immune function and relate to variation in gut microbiota β-diversity. We hypothesized ethnically distinct UC patients exhibit discrete gut microbiotas with unique luminal metabolic programming that influence adaptive immune responses and relate to clinical status. Using parallel bacterial 16S rRNA and fungal ITS2 sequencing of fecal samples (UC n=30; healthy n=13), we corroborated previous observations of UC-associated depletion of bacterial diversity and demonstrated significant gastrointestinal expansion of Saccharomycetales as a novel UC characteristic. We identified four distinct microbial community states (MCS 1-4), confirmed their existence using microbiota data from an independent UC cohort, and show they co-associate with patient ethnicity and degree of disease severity. Each MCS was predicted to be uniquely enriched for specific amino acid, carbohydrate, and lipid metabolism pathways and exhibited significant luminal enrichment of metabolic products from these pathways. Using a novel in vitro human DC/T-cell assay we show that DC exposure to patient fecal water led to MCS -specific changes in T-cell populations, particularly the Th1:Th2 ratio, and that patients with the most severe disease exhibited the greatest Th2 skewing. Thus, based on ethnicity, microbiome composition, and associated metabolic dysfunction, UC patients may be stratified in a clinically and immunologically meaningful manner, providing a platform for the development of FMC-focused therapy. Fecal microbiome was assessed with Affymetrix PhyloChip arrays from patients with ulcerative colitis and healthy controls.

ORGANISM(S): human gut metagenome  

SUBMITTER: Jordan Samuel Mar   Sophia Levan  Din L Lin  Susan V Lynch  Michelle Nazareth  Jordan S Mar  Brandon J LaMere  Uma Mahadevan 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-78724 | ArrayExpress | 2016-07-25

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE78724PRJNA313324

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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