Expression data from human placental derived mesenchymal stem cells (PDMSCs)
ABSTRACT: When PDMSCs were induced to heptocytes in vitro, cells mophology, stem cell markers, mitochondrial metabolism will change according to the differentiated status.But dedifferentiation reverses differentiated cells to a more primitive phenotype and PDMSCs will retain the multilineage potency. Furthermore, it will leads to the alteration of gene expression pattern. We used microarrays to detail the global programme of gene expression underlying dedifferentiation and hepatogenic differentiation prcocesses, we intend to identify distinct classes of differentiated genes during these processes. Human PDMSCs at passage 5 were induced to hepatocytes for 11 days, then the inductive medium was replaced by general culture medium for 1 day. Then human PDMSCs, hepatogenic PDMSCs at 11 days, dedifferentiated PDMSCs were selected for RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays. To that end, we hand-selected cells at three time-points: before hepatogenic induction (P), hepatogenic PDMSCs at 11 days (H) and dedifferentiated PDMSCs for 1 day (DH) .
Project description:Retinoid X receptor (RXR) plays an important role in the development of vertebrates, and the agonists of RXR are well-known to induce featured malformations in vertebrate embryos. However, there is no information about the teratogenicity of antagonists of RXR in vertebrate embryos. We exposed embryos of amphibian (Xenopus tropicalis) at stages 10/11 to a highly selective antagonist of RXR (UVI3003). The experiments were initiated when embryos reached stage 10/11, the embryos were exposed to 250, 500, 750 µg/L UVI3003 for 0-24 and 24-48 for microarray analysis (n=24).
Project description:Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) were adipogenically differentiated followed by dedifferentiation. We are interested to know the new fat markers, adipogenic signaling pathways and dedifferentiation signaling pathways.Furthermore we are also intrested to know that how differentiated cells convert into dedifferentiated progenitor cells. To address these questions, MSC were adipogenically differentiated, followed by dedifferentiation. Finally these dedifferentiated cells were used for adipogenesis, osteogenesis and chondrogenesis. Histology, FACS, qPCR and GeneChip analyses of undifferentiated, adipogenically differentiated and dedifferentiated cells were performed. Regarding the conversion of adipogenically differentiated cells into dedifferentiated cells, gene profiling and bioinformatics demonstrated that upregulation (DHCR24, G0S2, MAP2K6, SESN3) and downregulation (DST, KAT2, MLL5, RB1, SMAD3, ZAK) of distinct genes play a curcial role in cell cycle to drive the adipogenically differentiated cells towards an arrested state to narrow down the lineage potency. However, the upregulation (CCND1, CHEK, HGF, HMGA2, SMAD3) and downregulation (CCPG1, RASSF4, RGS2) of these cell cycle genes motivates dedifferentiation of adipogenically differentiated cells to reverse the arrested state. We also found new fat markers along with signaling pathways for adipogenically differentiated and dedifferentiated cells, and also observed the influencing role of proliferation associated genes in cell cycle arrest and progression. We have differentiated bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells(MSC) into adipogenically differentiated cells followed by dedifferentiation. We are intrested to know new fat markers, signaling pathways for adipogenically differentiated and dedifferentiated cells, along to observe the genes associated with cell cycle arrest and progression. Results are also provide molecular insight into the process of adipogenesis and dedifferentiation. To study the adipogenic differentiation and dedifferentiation process along with "how adipogenically differentiated cells convert into dedifferentiated cells" on the molecular level, gene expression profiling with genome-wide Affymetrix HG-U133 Plus 2.0 olgonucleotide microarrays (Affymetrix, Santa Clara, CA, USA) was applied. In total, 12 GeneChips were performed for n=3 donors and 4 times (3x4=12): 3x P4 MSC (undifferentiated state), 3x adipogenically differentiated cells at day 15 (differentiated state), 3x dedifferentiated cells at day 7 (dedifferentiated state) and 3x dedifferentiated cells at day 35 (dedifferentiated state)
Project description:The retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) plays a fundamental role in maintaining visual function and dedifferentiation of RPE contributes to the pathophysiology of several ocular diseases. To identify microRNAs (miRNAs) that may be involved in RPE differentiation, we compared the miRNA expression profiles of differentiated primary human fetal RPE (hfRPE) cells to dedifferentiated hfRPE cells. We found that miR-204/211, the two most highly expressed miRNAs in the RPE, were significantly down-regulated in dedifferentiated hfRPE cells. Importantly, transfection of pre-miR-204/211 into hfRPE cells promoted differentiation whereas adding miR-204/211 inhibitors led to their dedifferentiation. Microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) is a key regulator of RPE differentiation that was also down-regulated in dedifferentiated hfRPE cells. MITF knockdown decreased miR-204/211 expression and caused hfRPE dedifferentiation. Significantly, co-transfection of MITF siRNA with pre-miR-204/211 rescued RPE phenotype. Collectively, our data show that miR-204/211 promote RPE differentiation, suggesting that miR-204/211-based therapeutics may be effective treatments for diseases that involve RPE dedifferentiation such as proliferative vitreoretinopathy.
Project description:The direct conversion, or trans-differentiation, of non-cardiac cells into cardiomyocytes by forced expression of transcription factors and microRNAs provide promising ways of cardiac regeneration. However, genetic manipulations are still not desirable in real clinical applications. we report the generation of automatically beating cardiomyocyte-like cells from mouse fibroblasts with only chemical cocktails. These chemical-induced cardiomyocyte-like cells (CiCMs) express cardiomyocyte-specific markers, exhibit sarcomeric organization, and possess typical cardiac calcium flux and electrophysiological features. Microarray-bassed gene expression patterns of Mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs), CiCMs, and cardiomyocytes(CMs) indicated a clear transition from dividing MEFs to differentiated cardiomyocyte-like state in CiCM samples. Mouse embryonic fibroblasts were treated with a small-molecule combination CRFVPT (10 μM CHIR99021 (C); 10 μM RepSox (R); 50 μM Forskolin (F); 0.5 mM VPA (V); 5 μM Parnate, (P); 1 μM TTNPB (T)) to induce transdifferentiation to chemical-induced cardiomyocyte-like cells. CiCMs beating clusters were picked at day 24 for analysis. MEFs were isolated from mouse embryos, and CMs were isolated from mouse hearts. Total RNA of MEFs, CiCMs and CMs were extracted and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays.
Project description:Current evidence implies that differentiated bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs) can act as progenitor cells and transdifferentiate across lineage boundaries. However, whether this unrestricted lineage has specificities depending on the stem cell type is unknown. Placental-derived mesenchymal stem cells (PDMSCs), an easily accessible and less invasive source, are extremely useful materials in current stem cell therapies. No studies have comprehensively analyzed the transition in morphology, surface antigens, metabolism and multilineage potency of differentiated PDMSCs after their dedifferentiation. In this study, we showed that after withdrawing extrinsic factors, adipogenic PDMSCs reverted to a primitive cell population and retained stem cell characteristics. The mitochondrial network during differentiation and dedifferentiation may serve as a marker of absent or acquired pluripotency in various stem cell models. The new population proliferated faster than unmanipulated PDMSCs and could be differentiated into adipocytes, osteocytes and hepatocytes. The cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) signaling pathway and extracellular matrix (ECM) components modulate cell behavior and enable the cells to proliferate or differentiate during the differentiation, dedifferentiation and redifferentiation processes in our study. These observations indicate that the dedifferentiated PDMSCs are distinguishable from the original PDMSCs and may serve as a novel source in stem cell biology and cell-based therapeutic strategies. Furthermore, whether PDMSCs differentiated into other lineages can be dedifferentiated to a primitive cell population needs to be investigated.
Project description:In a previous study, we showed that folate receptor-? (FR?) translocates to the nucleus where it acts as a transcription factor and upregulates Hes1, Oct4, Sox2, and Klf4 genes responsible for pluripotency. Here, we show that acetylation and phosphorylation of FR? favor its nuclear translocation in the presence of folate and can cause a phenotypic switch from differentiated glial cells to dedifferentiated cells. shRNA-FR? mediated knockdown of FR? was used to confirm the role of FR? in dedifferentiation. Ocimum sanctum hydrophilic fraction-1 treatment not only blocks the folate mediated dedifferentiation of glial cells but also promotes redifferentiation of dedifferentiated glial cells, possibly by reducing the nuclear translocation of ~38?kDa FR? and subsequent interaction with chromatin assembly factor-1. Stem Cells 2019;37:1441-1454.
Project description:Vascular smooth muscle cell (SMC) switching between differentiated and dedifferentiated phenotypes is reversible and accompanied by morphological and functional alterations that require reconfiguration of cell-cell and cell-matrix adhesion networks. Studies attempting to explore changes in overall composition of the adhesion nexus during SMC phenotype transition are lacking. We have previously demonstrated that T-cadherin knockdown enforces SMC differentiation, whereas T-cadherin upregulation promotes SMC dedifferentiation. This study used human aortic SMCs ectopically modified with respect to T-cadherin expression to characterize phenotype-associated cell-matrix adhesion molecule expression, focal adhesions configuration and migration modes. Compared with dedifferentiated/migratory SMCs (expressing T-cadherin), the differentiated/contractile SMCs (T-cadherin-deficient) exhibited increased adhesion to several extracellular matrix substrata, decreased expression of several integrins, matrix metalloproteinases and collagens, and also distinct focal adhesion, adherens junction and intracellular tension network configurations. Differentiated and dedifferentiated phenotypes displayed distinct migrational velocity and directional persistence. The restricted migration efficiency of the differentiated phenotype was fully overcome by reducing actin polymerization with ROCK inhibitor Y-27632 whereas myosin II inhibitor blebbistatin was less effective. Migration efficiency of the dedifferentiated phenotype was diminished by promoting actin polymerization with lysophosphatidic acid. These findings held true in both 2D-monolayer and 3D-spheroid migration models. Thus, our data suggest that despite global differences in the cell adhesion nexus of the differentiated and dedifferentiated phenotypes, structural actin cytoskeleton characteristics per se play a crucial role in permissive regulation of cell-matrix adhesive interactions and cell migration behavior during T-cadherin-induced SMC phenotype transition.
Project description:Compare difference Global expression profile of hiPSCs between hESCs and human Somatic cells, showing that hiPSCs and hESCs is consistent in lineages and indicated that the induce method is safe and reliable. There are three groups of samples, each group has two repeated samples, hiPSCs respectively compared with hESCs and human Urine-Derived Cells.
Project description:Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been implicated in the formation of many different types of tumors. However, expression profiles and potential functions of lncRNAs in non-functioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs) have not been systematically evaluated. We evaluated the expression profiles and potential functions of lncRNAs in non-functioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs). 10 formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded (FFPE) tissue specimens (5 non-functioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs) and 5 normal pituitaries(NPs)) were selected for RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays. The NFPAs team was designed as the Tumor group (T), while the NPs team was designed as Normal group (N).
Project description:Gliomas arising in the brainstem and thalamus are devastating tumors that are difficult to surgically resect due to their proximity to eloquent brain structures. Here, we performed a comprehesive genomic and epigenomic study, using gene expression and methylation microarrays, to research on th different genomic and epigenetic signatures between brainstem, thalamic, and supratentorial gliomas. Comparison of brainstem, thalamic and supratentorial gliomas