MicroRNAs profiles of contrast-induced acute kidney injury rats
ABSTRACT: Contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) is typically defined by an increase in serum creatinine (SCr) after intravascular administration of contrast medium. Since creatinine is an unreliable indicator for acute changes in kidney function, an early biomarkers for CI-AKI diagnosis is important for initiating therapy.We assessed the hypothesis that circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) could be served as potential biomarkers to early detect CI-AKI.The rat model of acute kidney injury was developed as we previously described. We first detect miRNA profile of plasma and kidney tissue using Agilent microarray platform. 3 miRNA species with > 1.5-fold increase in plasma samples of CI-AKI rats, including miRNA-30a, miRNA-30e and miRNA-188, were selected as candidate miRNAs of potential biomarkers. 24 rats were randomly divided into 2 groups (CI-AKI group and control group), each with 4 subgroups (n=3). Peripheral blood and kidney samples were harvest at 8h after contrast medium/normal saline administration. Total RNA sample from each rat in the same subgroup was combined together as pooled sample for further test. The Agilent microarray platform was adapted to profile the miRNA spectra.
Project description:In the present study, goal was to scan the potential biomarker for acute kidney injury induced by aristolochic acid I (AAI).We utilized the microarry analysis to investigate the microRNA (miRNA) expression profile in kidneys from rat treated by 40mg/kg AA I for 2-6 days. miRNAs with significantly different expression of global miRNA expression profile were validated by qRT-PCR. For miRNAs still significantly disregulation, we further examined the expression in plasma of rats treated with AAI dosed at 10, 20 and 40mg/kg AAI for 2-6 days by qRT-PCR. miRNAs with significantly dysregulation in plasma, their expression in brain, liver and heart was examined for kicking out the non-specific disregulation in AAI induced acute kidney injury, so that the significant dysregulation miRNAs with specificity in kidney and plasma was found as potential biomarkers for AAI induced acute kidney injury. Five control and 15 kidneys treated with 40mg/kg AAI on day 2, 4 and 6 was examined by microarray.
Project description:Drug resistance, caused by complex and redundant mechanisms, is a major obstacle in cancer treatment, especially in liver and kidney cancers. Combinational therapy of miRNAs, which concurrently target multiple pathways, with anticancer drugs represent a new strategy to improve the drug response. By a systems approach, we identified that miR-27b, a miRNA deleted in liver and kidney cancers, sensitizes cancer cells to a broad spectrum of anticancer drugs in vitro and in vivo. Two samples transfected with nontarget miRNA control or miR-27b mimics followed by 48 hours doxorubicin treatment
Project description:MicroRNAs (miRNAs) expression profiles are widely investigated in the major cancers, but their specific roles and functions in cancers have not yet to be fully elucidated. We investigated expression profiles of miRNAs in clear cell renal cell carcinomas (ccRCCs) and in matched normal kidney tissues (NCTs) by using a miRNAs microarray platform which covers a total of 851 human miRNAs. Tumor tissue samples were immediately snap-frozen in liquid nitrogen after surgery, and then stored in a deep freezer at -80°C. Total RNA was extracted from 5 ccRCC tissues and paired NCTs and expression profiles of miRNAs were screened by using a miRNA microarray platform.
Project description:Microarray analysis of human kidneys with acute kidney injury (AKI) has been limited because such kidneys are seldom biopsied. However, all kidney transplants experience AKI, and early kidney transplants without rejection are an excellent model for human AKI: they are screened to exclude chronic kidney disease, frequently biopsied, and have extensive follow-up. We used histopathology and microarrays to compare indication biopsies from 28 transplants with AKI to 11 pristine protocol biopsies of stable transplants. Kidneys with AKI showed increased expression of 394 injury-repair response associated transcripts, including many known epithelial injury molecules (e.g. ITGB6, LCN2), tissue remodeling molecules (e.g. VCAN), and inflammation molecules (S100A8, ITGB3). Many other genes also predict the phenotype, depending on statistical filtering rules, including AKI biomarkers as HAVCR1 and IL18. Most mouse orthologs of the top injury-repair transcripts were increased in published mouse AKI models. Pathway analysis of the injury-repair transcripts revealed similarities to cancer, development, and cell movement. The injury-repair transcript score AKI kidneys correlated with reduced function, future recovery, brain death, and need for dialysis, but not future graft loss. In contrast, histologic features of "acute tubular injury" did not correlate with function or with the molecular changes. Thus the injury-repair associated transcripts represent a massive coordinate injury-repair response of kidney parenchyma to AKI, similar to mouse AKI models, and provide an objective measure for assessing the severity of AKI in kidney biopsies and validation for the use of many AKI biomarkers. AKI biopsies sample names and CEL files are from GSE21374. All consenting renal transplant patients undergoing biopsies for cause as standard of care between 09/2004 and 10/2007 at the university of Alberta or between 11/2006 and 02/2007 at the University of Illinois were included in the analysis. In addition to the cores required for standard histopathology, we collected one core for gene expression studies. the relationship between gene expression in the biopsy and subsequent graft loss was analyzed.
Project description:18 zero-hour and 18 selected post-transplant (Tx) biopsy samples from 18 kidney allografts (8 acute kidney injury (AKI), 10 PBx - protocol biopsies - controls) were analyzed by using the Affymetrix GeneChip® miRNA 3.0 Array. Comparison between control group (protocol biopsies) and indication biopsies with histological lesions of acute tubular necrosis without rejection (ATN).
Project description:In deceased donor kidney transplantation, acute kidney injury (AKI) prioir to surgery is a major determinant of delayed graft function (DGF), but AKI is histologically silent and difficult to assess. We hypothesized that a molecular measurement of AKI would add power to conventional risk assessments to predict the early poor allograft function at first week post transplantation. We performed microarrays on implantation biopsies taken during reperfusion in 70 deceased donor kidneys from 53 donors. Early poor function was classified by two definitions on day 7 post-transplantation: serum creatinine greater than 265 umol/L (3 mg/dL) or the requirement for dialysis. Donor age and related risk scores (Irish, Schold, KDRI) associated with worse early function, as expected, but histologic features (glomerulosclerosis; pathology risk scores (Remuzzi, MAPI)) correlated with donor age but not with poor function. However, molecular AKI signal, previously defined in kidneys with early injury, was the best single predictor of poor allograft function. The combination of donor age and the AKI signal improved the prediction of poor function. In addition, asssessments of tissue quality particularly donor age, Banff ct, Irish and KDRI scores, showed negative correlative trend with late graft function, whereas the AKI signal did not. Thus donor age and the molecular AKI signal are the main predictors of early impaired function, but have little impact on survival.
Project description:Identifying the exact molecules associated with CRC metastasis may be crucial to understand the process, which might also be translated to the diagnosis and treatment of CRC. In this study, we investigate the association of microRNA expression patterns with the lymph node metastasis of colorectal cancer. To investigate the association of microRNA expression patterns with the lymph node metastasis of colorectal cancer, eight primary colorectal cancer tissues derived from stage II–III colorectal cancer patients with (n = 4) or without (n = 4) lymph node metastasis were collected and the miRNA expression profiles of them were determined using Agilent miRNA microarray. Different miRNA expression profiles were identified in CRC tissues between lymph node metastasis positive and negative group.
Project description:To investigate the gene expression profile of genamycin induced nephrotoxicity in a time-series aspect, SD rats were administrated once daily with saline, genamycin 80 mgkg for 28 consecutive days by intramuscular injection folled by 28 days recovery. Kidney samples were collected for microarray analysis and histological examination. There were 4360 and 4323 regulated genes for females and males, respectively, however, the overlapping expression genes coregluated at each time point were few, with 2 for females and 12 for males. By Principle Component Analysis and Hierarchical Cluster, the gene expression patterns were apparently associated with the disease stage of the nephrotoxicity,while GO Annotation showed the biological processes were specific to each course of this nephrotoxicity.Our studymapped the different gene expression patterns at the initiation, development and recovery stage of gentamycin-induced nephrotoxicity Gene expression in kidney from SD rats administrated once daily with saline or 80 mg/kg genamycin by intramuscular injection for 28 consecutive days follwed by 28 days recovery were measured using Aglient Rat Whole Genome 4*44 k array
Project description:To find novel circulating markers associated with prognosis of interferon therapy,We performed microarray analysis of plasma samples in 94 chronic hepatitis B patients Ninety four HBV patients, who underwent PEG-IFN or conventional interferon treatment were enrolled. Their plasma samples before treatment were collected and subject to miRNA array analysis. miRNA profiles from 13 formalin fixed formaldehyde embedded liver biopsy samples were also analyzed to evaluate the correlation between liver and plasma.
Project description:We tested the hypothesis that circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) present in plasma might display a specific signature in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Global miRNA profiles were determined with the Agilent Human miRNA Microarray platform, 027233. ICH patients display a characteristic inflammation-related miRNA profile as compared to healthy controls. Plasma samples were collected from the following 6 subject groups: male ICH patients (n=8), female ICH patients (n=7), male healthy control (n=4), female healthy control (n=4), male ischemic stroke patients (n=8) and female ischemic stroke patients (n=8). Total RNAs isolated from 1 ml plasma were pooled for each group. A fixed volume of RNA sample was withdrawn from each pool and used for microarray detection.