ABSTRACT: ChIP-seq of H3K27me3 in rat peripheral nerve was used to identify sites of polycomb repression associated with genes in Schwann cells, which constitute the majority of cells in peripheral nerve. H3K27me3 ChIP samples were prepared from rat sciatic nerve and then sequenced. Inputs for these ChIP samples have previously been submitted as samples GSM1541282 and GSM1541283 in Series GSE63103
Project description:ChIP-seq of H3K4me3 in rat peripheral nerve was used to identify transcription start sites associated with Schwann cell-expressed genes. The analysis was performed in injured and control nerve to identify injury-responsive changes in Schwann cells. H3K4me3 ChIP samples were prepared from rat sciatic nerve at 1 day post-transection using both the distal stump of the injured nerve and the contralateral (sham) nerve.
Project description:Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors contain loss of histone H3K27 trimethylation (H3K27me3) due to driver mutations affecting the polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2). Consequently, loss of H3K27me3 staining has served as a diagnostic marker for this tumor type. However, recent reports demonstrate H3K27me3 loss in numerous other tumors, including some in the differential diagnosis of malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor. Since these tumors lose H3K27me3 through mechanisms distinct from PRC2 loss, we set out to determine whether loss of dimethylation of H3K27, which is also catalyzed by PRC2, might be a more specific marker of PRC2 loss and malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor. Using mass spectrometry, we identify a near complete loss of H3K27me2 in malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors and cell lines. Immunohistochemical analysis of 72 malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors, seven K27M-mutant gliomas, 43 ependymomas, and 10 Merkel cell carcinomas demonstrates that while H3K27me3 loss is common across these tumor types, H3K27me2 loss is limited to malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors and is highly concordant with H3K27me3 loss (33/34 cases). Thus, increased specificity does not come at the cost of greatly reduced sensitivity. To further compare H3K27me2 and H3K27me3 immunohistochemistry, we investigated 42 melanomas and 54 synovial sarcomas, histologic mimics of malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor with varying degrees of H3K27me3 loss in prior reports. While global H3K27me3 loss was not seen in these tumors, weak and limited H3K27me3 staining was common. By contrast, H3K27me2 staining was more clearly retained in all cases, making it a superior binary classifier. This was confirmed by digital image analysis of stained slides. Our findings indicate that H3K27me2 loss is highly specific for PRC2 loss and that PRC2 loss is a rarer phenomenon than H3K27me3 loss. Consequently, H3K27me2 loss is a superior diagnostic marker for malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor.
Project description:modENCODE_submission_5136 This submission comes from a modENCODE project of Gary Karpen. For full list of modENCODE projects, see http://www.genome.gov/26524648 Project Goal: We aim to determine the locations of the major histone modifications across the Drosophila melanogaster genome. The modifications under study are involved in basic chromosomal functions such as DNA replication, gene expression, gene silencing, and inheritance. We will perform Chromatin ImmunoPrecipitation (ChIP) using genomic tiling arrays. We will initially assay localizations using chromatin from three cell lines and two embryonic stages, and will then extend the analysis of a subset of proteins to four additional animal tissues/stages. For data usage terms and conditions, please refer to http://www.genome.gov/27528022 and http://www.genome.gov/Pages/Research/ENCODE/ENCODEDataReleasePolicyFinal2008.pdf EXPERIMENT TYPE: CHIP-chip. BIOLOGICAL SOURCE: Cell Line: Kc167; Tissue: embryo-derived cell-line; Developmental Stage: late embryonic stage; Genotype: se/e; Sex: Female; NUMBER OF REPLICATES: 4; EXPERIMENTAL FACTORS: Cell Line Kc167; Antibody H3K27me3 (Abcam lot3) (target is H3K27me3)
Project description:Egr2/Krox20 and Sox10 regulate genes involved in formation of myelination in the peripheral nervous system. ChIP-chip assays were performed on rat sciatic nerve at P15, a peak timepoint of myelination. In addition, Faire was used to identify areas of open chromatin. This experiment includes a custom ChIP-chip design incorporating many genes that are dynamically regulated during peripheral nerve myelination. Two antibodies were used for Egr2, Abcam and Covance PRB-236P. Egr2 and Sox10 ChIP samples were hybridized along with total input. In addition, FAIRE samples were hybridized relative to input DNA
Project description:We performed genome-wide profiling of Tcf7l2 occupancy during oligodendrocyte differentiation and identified the key enzymes involved in cholesterol metabolism and essential for CNS myelination. Examination of Tcf7l2 chIP-seq in oligodendrocyte progenitor cell and 2 differentiation oligodendrocytes.