Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

17

Transcription profiling of mouse mammary tumors from Brg1 heterozygotes


ABSTRACT: Mammalian SWI/SNF-related complexes have been implicated in cancer based on some of the subunits physically interacting with RB and other proteins involved in carcinogenesis. Additionally, several subunits are mutated or not expressed in tumor-derived cell lines. Strong evidence for a role in tumorigenesis in vivo, however, has been limited to SNF5 mutations that result primarily in malignant rhabdoid tumors (MRTs) in humans and MRTs as well as other sarcomas in mice. We previously generated a null mutation of the Brg1 catalytic subunit in the mouse and reported that homozygotes die during embryogenesis. Here, we demonstrate that Brg1 heterozygotes are susceptible to mammary tumors that are fundamentally different than Snf5 tumors. First, mammary tumors are carcinomas not sarcomas. Second, Brg1+/- tumors arise because of haploinsufficiency rather than loss of heterozygosity (LOH). Third, Brg1+/- tumors exhibit genomic instability but not polyploidy based on array CGH results. We monitored Brg1+/-, Brm-/- double-mutant mice but did not observe any tumors resembling those from Snf5 mutants, indicating that the Brg1+/- and Snf5+/- tumor phenotypes do not differ simply because Brg1 has a closely related paralog whereas Snf5 does not. These findings demonstrate that BRG1 and SNF5 are not functionally equivalent but protect against cancer in different ways. We also demonstrate that Brg1+/- mammary tumors have relatively heterogeneous gene expression profiles with similarities and differences compared to other mouse models of breast cancer. The Brg1+/- expression profiles are not particularly similar to mammary tumors from Wap-T121 transgenic line where RB is perturbed. We were also unable to detect a genetic interaction between the Brg1+/- and Rb+/- tumor phenotypes. These latter findings do not support a BRG1-RB interaction in vivo. Experiment Overall Design: 14 microarrays consisting of 12 unique Brg1+/- murine mammary Experiment Overall Design: tumors

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Charles Perou  

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-8516 | ArrayExpress | 2008-06-18

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE8516PRJNA101637

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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Publications

Characterization of mammary tumors from Brg1 heterozygous mice.

Bultman S J SJ   Herschkowitz J I JI   Godfrey V V   Gebuhr T C TC   Yaniv M M   Perou C M CM   Magnuson T T  

Oncogene 20070716 4


Mammalian SWI/SNF-related complexes have been implicated in cancer based on some of the subunits physically interacting with retinoblastoma (RB) and other proteins involved in carcinogenesis. Additionally, several subunits are mutated or not expressed in tumor-derived cell lines. Strong evidence for a role in tumorigenesis in vivo, however, has been limited to SNF5 mutations that result primarily in malignant rhabdoid tumors (MRTs) in humans and MRTs as well as other sarcomas in mice. We previou  ...[more]

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