Expression data from human osteosarcoma bone primaries or lung metastases
ABSTRACT: The high concentration of Well5 cells was resuspended into 20μl PBS, the needle along the tibia direction, before reaching in a breakthrough sense, direct injection cells. At 7 days after injection, proximal tibia was able to reach mass production. At 20 days after injection, the proximal tibia mass increased.If prolonging exposure by BLI,this stage displayedthat tumor cell signalsbegan to lung metastasis. Osteosarcoma orthotopic lung metastasis model was successfully constructed. Total RNA was extracted from sorted osteosarcoma cells of the primary site and lung metastases using Trizol (Invitrogen). We used microarrays to detail the global programme of gene expression underlying cellularisation and identified distinct classes of up-regulated genes during osteosarcoma lung metastasis. In support of the notion that fibrosis marks the lung metastasis, the expression of numerous fibrosis-related genes such as FN1, COLs, and MMPs were upregulated from the primary site to lung metastasis in Well5-luc orthotopic inoculation model. Total RNA was extracted from sorted osteosarcoma cells using Trizol (Invitrogen). Gene expression profiling was conducted by Shanghai Biotechnology Corporation using Affymetrix U133 plus 2.0 arrays (Affymetrix, Santa Clara, CA). All data were analyzed according to the manufacturer’s protocol. Raw data generated from Affymetrix CEL files were normalized by RMA background correction; values were log2 transformed. For the enrichment of P values of each GO term, we used Fisher’s exact test to calculate P values and R package stats to calculate FDR (q value) by BH method (www.r-project.org).
Project description:Osteosarcoma is thought of arising from the malignant transformation of osteogenic progenitors. The stage-specific embryonic antigen-4 (SSEA-4) labels a subset of TICs specially present in the high-risk subgroup. SSEA-4+ AND SSEA-4-
Project description:Lung ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury remains one of the common complications after various cardiopulmonary surgeries. I-R injury represents one potentially maladaptive response of the innate immune system which is featured by an exacerbated sterile inflammatory response triggered by tissue damage. Thus, understanding the key components and processes involved in sterile inflammation during lung I-R injury is critical to alter care and extend survival for patients with acute lung injury. We constructed a minipig surgical model of transient unilateral left pulmonary artery occlusion without bronchial involvement to create ventilated lung I-R injury. Lung tissues from minipig with sham operation (one sample), left side lung tissues (the operated side)(one sample) and right side lung tissues (the non-operated side)(one sample) from minipig with lung ischemia-reperfusion were submitted for gene expression array analysis.
Project description:Generation of haploid gametes in vitro can potentially address gamete failure-based infertility.This study reports complete in vitro meiosis from murine ESC-derived PGCLCs resulting in the formation of male spermatid-like cells (SLCs) capable of producing viable fertile offspring via intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).Our findings provide the basis for generation of haploid spermatids in vitro in human, the generation of transgenic animals, and the use of this system to investigate mechanisms of meiosis. We used microarrays to compare gene expression profiles of in vivo and in vitro derived PGC cells and round spermatids. We collected E12.5 male fatal PGCs, PGCLC in vitro, round spermatids and spermatids like cells produced in vitro, each sample has 3 replications.
Project description:Zygotic genome activation (ZGA), which is according to the midblastula transition in zebrafish, is an important event during the maternal-zygotic transition in animals. Our preliminary study and other group’s works indicate that epigenetic regulations play an essential role in ZGA. Morpholino was employed to knockdown PRMT6. We used microarrays to analyze the global gene expression in prmt6 morphants. prmt6 MO (0.3mM) was injected into the one-two cell zebrafish, prmt6 cMO (0.3mM) injection as a control. At 6 hpf, embryos were classified into three subtypes (normal, mild and severe) and prepared for global gene expression analysis with Affymetrix Zebrafish Genome Arrays. The severe subtype and the control were repeated three times.
Project description:Despite recent improvements in the therapy for osteosarcoma, 30-40% of osteosarcoma patients die of this disease, mainly due to its lung metastasis. We have previously reported that intravenous injection of miR-143 significantly suppresses lung metastasis of human osteosarcoma cells (143B) in a mouse model. In this study, we examined the biological role and mechanism of miR-143 in the metastasis of human osteosarcoma cells. We identified plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) as a direct target gene of miR-143. To determine the role of PAI-1 in human osteosarcoma cells, siRNA was transfected into 143B cells for knockdown of PAI-1 expression. An in vitro study showed that downregulation of PAI-1 suppressed cell invasion activity, but not proliferation. Moreover, injection of PAI-1 siRNA into a primary lesion in the osteosarcoma mouse model inhibited lung metastasis compared to control siRNA-injected mice, without influencing the proliferative activity of the tumor cells. Subsequent examination using 143B cells revealed that knockdown of PAI-1 expression resulted in downregulation of the expression and secretion of matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13), which is also a target gene of miR-143 and a proteolytic enzyme that regulates tumor-induced osteolysis. Immunohistochemical analysis using clinical samples showed that higher miR-143 expressing cases showed poor expression of PAI-1 in the primary tumor cells. All such cases belonged to the lung metastasis-negative group. Moreover, the frequency of lung metastasis-positive cases was significantly higher in PAI-1 and MMP-13 double-positive cases than in PAI-1 or MMP-13 single-positive or double-negative cases (P < 0.05). These results indicated that PAI-1, a target gene of miR-143, regulates invasion and lung metastasis via enhancement of MMP-13 expression and secretion in human osteosarcoma cells, suggesting that these molecules could be potential therapeutic target genes for preventing lung metastasis in osteosarcoma patients.
Project description:Haploid stem cells offer an easy-to-manipulate genetic system and therefore have great values for studies of recessive phenotypes. Here, we show that mouse androgenetic haploid ES (ahES) cell lines can be established by transferring sperm into enucleated oocyte. The ahES cells maintain haploidy and stable growth over 30 passages, express pluripotent markers, possess the ability to differentiate into all three germ-layers in vitro and in vivo, and contribute to germline of chimeras when injected into blastocysts. Although epigenetically distinct from sperm cells, the ahES cells can produce viable and fertile progenies after intracytoplasmic injection into mature oocytes. The oocyte injection procedure can also produce viable transgenic mice from genetically engineered ahES cells. We used microarrays to compare the global programme of gene expression among ahES cells, normal diploid ES cells, MEF cells and round sperm cells and found that gene expression pattern of ahES cells was highly similar with ES cells but was distinct from MEF cells and round sperms. Androgenetic haploid ES cells were FACS sorted to harvest the G0/G1 phase haploid cells. Total RNA were extracted from three ahES cell lines (AH129-5, AH129-N1, AH129-NC1, all 129Sv genetic background), two ES cell lines ( CS1-1, R1, 129Sv background), MEF cells and round sperm and hybridized with Affymetrix GeneChip 430 2.0 array. Data were collected and analyzed to compare their gene expression pattern.
Project description:Pulmonary metastases are the main cause of death in patients with osteosarcoma, however, the molecular mechanisms of metastasis are not well understood. To detect lung metastasis-related microRNA (miRNA) in human osteosarcoma, we compared parental (HOS) and its subclone (143B) human osteosarcoma cell lines showing lung metastasis in a mouse model. miR-143 was the most downregulated miRNA (P < 0.01), and transfection of miR-143 into 143B significantly decreased its invasiveness, but not cell proliferation. Noninvasive optical imaging technologies revealed that intravenous injection of miR-143, but not negative control miRNA, significantly suppressed lung metastasis of 143B (P < 0.01). To search for miR-143 target mRNA in 143B, microarray analyses were performed using an independent RNA pool extracted by two different comprehensive miR-143-target mRNA collecting systems. Western blot analyses revealed that MMP-13 was mostly protein downregulated by miR-143. Immunohistochemistry using clinical samples clearly revealed MMP-13-positive cells in lung metastasis-positive cases, but not in at least three cases showing higher miR-143 expression in the no metastasis group. Taken together, these data indicated that the downregulation of miR-143 correlates with the lung metastasis of human osteosarcoma cells by promoting cellular invasion, probably via MMP-13 upregulation, suggesting that miRNA could be used to develop new molecular targets for osteosarcoma metastasis.
Project description:Lung metastasis constitutes the leading cause of the death in patients with osteosarcoma. We have previously reported that plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) regulates the invasion and lung metastasis of osteosarcoma cells in a mouse model and as well as in clinical samples. In the present study, we examined the anti-metastatic effect of SK-216, a small compound PAI-1 inhibitor, in human 143B osteosarcoma cells. An in vitro study showed that SK-216 treatment suppressed invasion activity by inhibiting PAI-1 expression in 143B cells, but had no influence on their proliferation or migration. 143B cells treated with SK-216 exhibited reduced matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13) secretion in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, intraperitoneal injection of SK-216 into mouse models resulted in downregulation of PAI-1 expression levels in the primary tumors and showed suppression of lung metastases without influencing the proliferative activity of the tumor cells in the primary lesions. These results indicate that SK-216, a PAI-1 inhibitor, may serve as a novel drug to prevent lung metastasis in human osteosarcoma.
Project description:Osteosarcoma is the most common primary bone cancer and is notorious for pulmonary metastasis, representing a major threat to pediatric patients. An effective drug targeting osteosarcoma and its lung metastasis is urgently needed.In this study, a sarcoma-targeting peptide-decorated disulfide-crosslinked polypeptide nanogel (STP-NG) was exploited for enhanced intracellular delivery of shikonin (SHK), an extract of a medicinal herb, to inhibit osteosarcoma progression with minimal systemic toxicity.The targeted, loaded nanogel, STP-NG/SHK, killed osteosarcoma cells by inducing RIP1- and RIP3-dependent necroptosis in vitro. Necroptosis is a novel cell death form that could be well adapted as an efficient antitumor strategy, the main obstacle of which is its high toxicity. After intravenous injection, STP-NG/SHK efficiently suppressed tumor growth and reduced pulmonary metastasis, offering greater tumor necrosis and higher RIP1 and RIP3 upregulation compared to free SHK or untargeted NG/SHK in vivo. Additionally, the treatment with NG/SHK or STP-NG/SHK showed minimal toxicity to normal organs, suggesting low systemic toxicity compared to free SHK.The STP-guided intracellular drug delivery system using the necroptosis mechanism showed profound anti-osteosarcoma activity, especially eliminated lung metastasis in vivo. This drug formulation may have great potential for treatment of osteosarcoma.
Project description:Haploid cells are amenable for genetic analysis because they contain only one set of chromosomes.Here,we report the derivation of haESCs from androgenetic blastocysts. These cells, which we designated AG-haESCs, express classical ESC markers, are pluripotent, and contribute to various tissues including the germline upon injection into diploid blastocysts. We used microarrays to compare the gene expression levels among androgenetic haploid embryonic stem cell lines(AG-haESC) E14 and male mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) and identified that most paternally imprinted genes were down-regulated and the maternally imprinted genes were up-regulated. To avoid the influence of diploidized cells on the expression profile, we collected samples from FACS of cells at G1/G0 stage by staining Hochest 33342. We used E14,which was a male embryonic stem cell lines, and MEFs isloated from male individuals as control. Gene expression profiles of all the cell lines were analysed on an Affymetrix GeneChip 430 2.0 array.