Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

5

Genome-wide localization of Ino80 and Arp5 on chromosome in Saccharomyces cerevisiae


ABSTRACT: Background: Chromatin remodeling complexes facilitate the access of enzymes that mediate transcription, replication or repair of DNA by modulating nucleosome position and/or composition. Ino80 is the DNA-dependent Snf2-like ATPase subunit of a complex whose nucleosome remodeling activity requires actin-related proteins, Arp4, Arp5 and Arp8, as well as two RuvB-like DNA helicase subunits. Budding yeast mutants deficient for Ino80 function are not only hypersensitive to reagents that induce DNA double strand breaks, but also to those that impair replication fork progression. Results: To understand why ino80 mutants are sensitive to agents that perturb DNA replication, we used chromatin immunoprecipitation to map the binding sites of the Ino80 chromatin remodeling complex on four budding yeast chromosomes. We found that Ino80 and Arp5 binding sites coincide with origins of DNA replication and tRNA genes. In addition, Ino80 was bound at 67% of the promoters of genes that are sensitive to ino80 mutation. When replication forks were arrested near origins in the presence of hydroxyurea (HU), the presence of the Ino80 complex at stalled forks and at unfired origins increased dramatically. Importantly, the resumption of DNA replication after release from a HU block was impaired in the absence of Ino80 activity. Mutant cells accumulated double-strand breaks as they attempted to restart replication. Consistently, ino80-deficient cells, although proficient for checkpoint activation, delay recovery from the checkpoint response. Conclusions: The Ino80 chromatin remodeling complex is enriched at stalled replication forks where it promotes the resumption of replication upon recovery from fork arrest. Keywords: ChIP-chip • The goal of the experiment Genome-wide localization of Ino80 and Arp5 on chromosome in Saccharomyces cerevisiae • Keywords DNA replication, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Genome tilling array (chromosome III, IV, V, VI) • Experimental factor Distribution of Ino80 and Arp5 in wild type in random culture Distribution of Ino80 in G1 cells Distribution of Ino80 in early S phase cells • Experimental design ChIP analyses: W303 background cells expressing Myc tagged Ino80 were used for the ChIP using anti-Myc monoclonal antibody (9E11). ChIP analyses: W303 background cells expressing Myc tagged Ino80 were used for the ChIP using anti-Arp5 polyclonal antibody. ChIP-chip analyses: In all cases, hybridization data for ChIP fraction was compared with WCE (whole cell extract) fraction. Saccharomyces cerevisiae affymetrix genome tiling array (SC3456a520015F for chromosome III, IV, V, VI) was used. • Quality control steps taken Confirmation of several loci by quantitative real time PCR.

ORGANISM(S): Saccharomyces cerevisiae  

SUBMITTER: Thomas Schleker   Yukako Oma  Masahiko Harata  Kazuto Kugou  Kunihiro Ohta  Kenji Shimada  Susan M Gasser 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-9233 | ArrayExpress | 2008-04-10

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE9233PRJNA105251

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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Publications

Ino80 chromatin remodeling complex promotes recovery of stalled replication forks.

Shimada Kenji K   Oma Yukako Y   Schleker Thomas T   Kugou Kazuto K   Ohta Kunihiro K   Harata Masahiko M   Gasser Susan M SM  

Current biology : CB 20080410 8


Chromatin remodeling complexes facilitate the access of enzymes that mediate transcription, replication or repair of DNA by modulating nucleosome position and/or composition. Ino80 is the DNA-dependent Snf2-like ATPase subunit of a complex whose nucleosome remodeling activity requires actin-related proteins, Arp4, Arp5 and Arp8, as well as two RuvB-like DNA helicase subunits. Budding yeast mutants deficient for Ino80 function are not only hypersensitive to reagents that induce DNA double-strand  ...[more]

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