Transcription profiling of human skin bioposis from patients with diffuse scleroderma and limited scleroderma
ABSTRACT: RNA expression profiling was carried out for systemic sclerosis (scleroderma) on skin biopsies obtained from both diffuse scleroderma (dcSSc) and limited scleroderma (lcSSc) subjects patients and compared to normal subjects. The patient group comprised of 4 dcSSc and 2 lcSSc subjects, all of whom were Caucasian and belonged to the age range of 42-73 (Mean age = 61.6). Patient sample set consisted of 3 females and 3 males. Race matched female volunteers from the same geographical area were recruited as controls (n = 4) and belonged to the age range of 41-62 (Mean age = 52).
Project description:Environmental stimuli are known to contribute to psoriasis pathogenesis and that of other autoimmune diseases, but the mechanism is unknown. Here we show that the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), a transcription factor that senses environmental stimuli, modulates pathology in psoriasis. AhR-activating ligands reduced inflammation in the lesional skin of psoriasis patients, whereas AhR antagonists upregulated inflammation. Similarly, AhR signaling via the endogenous FICZ ligand reduced the inflammatory response in the imiquimod-induced model of psoriasis and AhR deficient mice exhibited a substantial exacerbation of the disease, compared to AhR sufficient controls. Non-haematopoietic cells, in particular keratinocytes, were responsible for this hyper-inflammatory response, which involved increased reactivity to IL-1beta and upregulation of AP-1 family members of transcription factors. Thus, our data suggest a critical role for AhR in the regulation of inflammatory responses and open the possibility for novel therapeutic strategies in chronic inflammatory disorders. Total RNA obtained from skin explants taken from psoriatic patients or healthy donors cultured in the presence of AhR agonist or antagonist
Project description:Nephronophthisis is one of the leading genetic causes of end-stage renal disease in childhood. Early diagnostics and prognostics for nephronophthisis are currently limited. We aimed to identify non-invasive protein biomarkers for nephronophthisis in urinary extracellular vesicles. Extracellular vesicles were isolated from urine of 12 patients with a nephronophthisis-related ciliopathy and 12 age- and gender-matched controls, followed by in-depth label-free LC-MS/MS proteomics analysis of gel fractionated extracellular vesicles proteins.
Project description:Bone marrow-derived progenitor cells are under investigation for cardiovascular repair, but may be altered by disease. We identified 82 differentially expressed genes in CD133+ cells from patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) versus controls, of which 59 were found to be up-regulated and 23 down-regulated. These genes were found to be involved in carbohydrate metabolism, cellular development and signaling, molecular transport and cell differentiation. Following completion of an exercise program, gene expression patterns resembled those of controls in 7 of 10 patients. Blood sampled from 4 healthy subjects (H), and from 10 patients with coronary artery disease at baseline (A) and after 3 months (B) of exercise.
Project description:RNA from vastus lateralis of healthy young (21-31 year old) and older (62-77 year old) men. Signal data normalized to mean intensity of 500 over all probes sets. Analysis done with Affymetrix Microarray Suite 5.0 software.
Project description:Comparison of subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue before and after biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD/DS), and versus subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue from lean, healthy subjects undergoing hernia repair surgery
Project description:Setleis Syndrome is a rare type of facial ectodermal dysplasia characterized by an aged leonine appearance with puckered skin about the eyes, absent eyelashes on both lids or multiple rows on the upper lids and none on the lower lids, eyebrows that slant sharply upward laterally, and a rubbery feel of the nose and chin. Some of the patients showed bilateral temporal marks superficially like forceps marks and like the lesions seen in focal facial dermal dysplasia. We have evidence that Setleis Syndrome is caused by nonsense mutations in the gene coding for the small bHLH transcription factor known as TWIST2 in Puerto Rican and Omani patients. We performed expression microarray analysis of RNA samples derived from skin fibroblasts grown from skin biopsies of Setleis Syndrome patients and normal controls in order to identify genes potentially involved in facial development and the pathogenesis of Setleis Syndrome. A total of 4 control and 4 Setleis Syndrome RNA samples were hybridized to U133 plus 2 Affymetrix 3'IVT arrays in the Mount Sinai School of Medicine Microarray Core Facility.
Project description:The host response within the eschar of inoculation during Mediterranean spotted fever (MSF) has been poorly studied. Our objective was to evaluate the host response by comparing transcriptional profiles of eschars to controls using a whole-genome microarray. Hierarchical clustering revealed a signature of eschars consisting of 698 genes. The genes included in this signature were mainly up-regulated and were predominantly associated with immune response and signalling. New molecules involved notably in microbicidal and innate immunity response have also been found up-regulated in eschars such as MMP1, Defensin β4, the proinflammatory S100A9, and the T cell attracting CCL-18. Genes down-regulated were mainly associated with biological regulation. We also observed that eschars from severe cases of MSF displayed a specific signature with notably difference in degree of modulation compared to eschars from non severe MSF cases. Some parameters identified in this work should be tested as biomarkers for prognostic assessment in future studies. To evaluate the host response by comparing transcriptional profiles of eschars to controls