Transcription profiling of mouse mammary epithelial cells NMuMG treatd with TGF-b1 - time series experiment
ABSTRACT: Response of mouse mammary epithelial cells NMuMG to TGF-b1 - time course experiment. Identification of novel gene targets involved in TGF-b1-driven regulation of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT).
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) contributes to normal tissue patterning and carcinoma invasiveness. We show that transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta/activin members, but not bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) members, can induce EMT in normal human and mouse epithelial cells. EMT correlates with the ability of these ligands to induce growth arrest. Ectopic expression of all type I receptors of the TGF-beta superfamily establishes that TGF-beta but not BMP pathways can elicit EMT. Ectopic ...[more]
Project description:Identification of novel TGF-b1 and BMP-7-regulated genes in epithelial cells.<br> <br> Human mammary epithelial cell line MDA-MB-468 that is lacking endogenous Smad4 was infected with either an adenovirus carrying GFP cDNA (control) or Smad4 cDNA (to restore the Smad4 activity in the cells). Cells were treated with TGF-b1 (0.5 ng/ml) or BMP-7 (300 ng/ml) for 2 or 12h. Smad4-independent vs Smad4-dependent response was measured. Also response to both growth factors was compared.
Project description:Homeostasis of histone acetylation and the control of transcription. Involvement of histone acetyl transferase HAG4 in the root development.<br> hag4 mutant (with a insertion in HAG4 gene encoding a Histone Acetyl Transferase) and wild-type ecotype (Ws) were grown during 15 days, in vitro. RNA were extrated from roots of seedlings. Each sample (ws or hag4) corresponds to a pool of 3 independant cultures and harvesting. <br>
Project description:Arabidopsis plants are grown for 5 days on MS medium and then we transfer them to a medium supplemented with ACC (5uM) or without ACC. After 3 h of growth, we isolate the RNA of the roots.
Project description:Identification of diacylglycerol pyrophosphate regulated genes in ABA signaling.<br><br> The specific plant phosphorylated form of phosphatidic acid (PA), diacylglycerol pyrophosphate (DGPP) was recently shown to be a second messenger in abscisic acid (ABA) signaling. The aim of the project is to identify among the set of ABA-regulated genes the ones also regulated by DGPP and/or PA.<br> Five ml of 3 days-old suspension cells was incubated with ABA or lipids for 3 h under the conditions of culture. Lipids were emulsified by sonication for 1 mi, four times, at 4°C, in one ml of culture medium then added to 4 ml suspension cells. Cells were filtrated under vacuum, frozen in liquid nitrogen and RNA extracted. Dioleoyl PA and dioctanoyl PA are from Sigma, dioleoyl DGPP and dioctanoyl DGPP are from Avanti Polar Lipids.
Project description:Comparison of L5 DRG gene expression profiles at day 14 from gp120+ddC treated animals vs sham (SA + saline) treated animals.<br>This experiment is part of larger study, where the expression profiles of three disparate models of neuropathic pain (SNT, VZV infection and gp120+ddC) are compared in order to find genes that are responsible for mechanical hypersensitivity formation/maintenance.
Project description:Follistatin is a folliculogenesis regulating protein that has been found in relatively high concentration in the female ovarian tissues. Follistatin acts as an antagonist to the function of Activin, which is often found elevated in ovarian carcinogenesis and thus presents a possibility for therapeutic intervention in controlling ovarian cancer. Most of the ovarian cancer occurs in its ovarian surface epithelium (OSE) cells. Although breast cancer susceptibility gene 1 (BRCA1) is a known tumor suppressor for breast cancer but its role in ovarian cancer is beginning to unfold. We have shown that in ovarian carcinoma cells (SKOV3), stable overexpression of BRCA1 stimulates Follistatin secretion and simultaneously downregulates Activin expression. Moreover, knock down of BRCA1 in immortalized OSE (IOSE) cells from human ovarian tissue demonstrates downregulation of Follistatin secretion with simultaneous up regulation of Activin expression. IOSE cells generated from an ovarian cancer patient with BRCA1 mutation failed to secrete Follistatin in the medium. Our results indicate a novel function for BRCA1 in the form of regulation of the expression of Follistatin in the ovarian cells. 3 treatments vs 3 controls
Project description:Macrophage activation during the innate immune response is tightly regulated to prevent tissue damage while activating the defense to cellular attack. Using a mouse model where Trim33 is specifically deleted in mature myeloid cells, we show that TRIM33 is essential for two aspects of the inflammatory response in vivo. Loss of TRIM33 attenuates the initiation of macrophage activation by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and TRIM33 is necessary to switch off transcription of inflammatory genes during late stages of LPS activation. Using chromatin immunoprecipitation coupled to deep sequencing, we provide a link between TRIM33 binding, RNA Polymerase II occupancy and H3K4me3 spreading on inflammatory genes in macrophages and reveal novel insights concerning the transcriptional regulation of Ifn-beta where TRIM33 exerts a repressive function via a distal regulatory region during late stages of LPS activation of macrophages. These findings pinpoint TRIM33 as a major regulator of the resolution of inflammation and indicate that transcriptional regulators can fine-tune H3K4me3 spreading. To study the role of TRIM33 in the transcriptional response induced by pathogen receptors, we analyzed whether lack of TRIM33 in macrophages affected the TLR-mediated regulation of proinflammatory and antimicrobial genes. To study this role, we bred TRIM33fl/fl mice with Lyz-Cre mice (obtained from The Jackson Laboratory, Bar Harbor, Maine, USA) where the Cre recombinase gene is under the regulatory sequences of the Lyz gene that is expressed only in mature myeloid cells. Bone marrow cells from 2 LyzCre/Trim33+/+ mice and 2 LyzCre/Trim33flox/flox mice were then differentiated in macrophages and treated during 0h, 4h, 12h and 24h with LPS. Total RNA was extracted from macrophages and analysed using cDNA microarrays. The set of gene expression consists of 16 samples of RNA of bone marrow derived macrophages activated with 100ng/ml of LPS during 0h, 4h, 12h, 24h, 8 samples from 2 LyzCre/Trim33+/+ mice and 8 samples from 2 LyzCre/Trim33flox/flox mice.
Project description:Human PBMC were treated with LL-37 (20 ug/ml) for 4 hr. CD14+ monocytes were isolated from the PBMC population, followed by RNA isolation from the monocytes for hybridization with cDNA arrays.