Transcription profiling of Ectocarpus siliculosis sporophytes treated with auxin
ABSTRACT: The aim of the experiment is to identify Ectocarpus siliculosus (strain Ec32) genes which are up- or down-regulated by auxin. RNAs were extracted from sporophytes treated with auxin NAA 5.10-6M for 30min or 3h, and labelled either with Cy3 or Cy5. Biological triplicates were performed.
Project description:The aim of this experiment was to analyse the expression of two sets of genes identified as being putatively sporophyte-specific or gametophyte-specific by a suppressive subtraction hybridisation using cDNA from immature sporophytes and immature gametophytes of the Ectocarpus strain Esil32. The expression of these genes was analysed in the sporophyte and gametophyte generations of the life cycle (again using immature algae that had not yet produces zoidangia) and in the sporophyte generation of a mutant strain, immediate upright, that exhibits gametophyte-like characteristics during the sporophyte generation.
Project description:The p300 protein is one of more than 15 known mammalian HATs. We have used mice that carry a mutant allele of the p300 gene, which encodes a full-length protein that, however, lacks detectable acetyltransferase (AT)-activity and that acts in a dominant-negative manner. In addition, the allele is conditional, so that it can be expressed in a tissue-specific manner with the help of mice that express Cre-recombinase. Expression of the mutant allele specifically in B-cells, using CD19-cre mice, results in premature death with full penetrance from an autoimmune disease that closely mimics systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in its pathological manifestations.
Project description:Inhibition of cellulose synthesis by chemical inhibitors or in a mutant background leads to rapid inhibition of cell elongation. This inhibition appears to be an active process, which involves feedback signalling from the cell wall. We have isolated two loci THE1 and THE2, which are identified by mutations that partially suppress the dark-grown hypocotyl phenotype in a mutant background for cellulose synthase catalytic subunit CESA6_PROCUSTE1. THE1 encodes a receptor kinase and may play a role in this feedback signalling process. To identify genes that are regulated by THE1 and THE2, we compared the transcript profiles of 5 day-old dark-grown seedlings of the1-1_prc1-1 with prc1-1 ; the1-3_prc1-8 with prc1-8 ; prc1-8 or the1-3 with WS and the2-1_prc1-1 with prc1-1.
Project description:Cell suspension culture of Arabidopsis thaliana (ecotype Columbia) was treated by 250 mM salicylic acid and by two different concentrations of wortmannin (1 mM and 30 mM) for 4 hours.
Project description:In this experiment, Arabidopsis plants infected by a virus, Tobacco etch virus (TEV), a potyvirus, were compared with healthy plants to identify genes for which the expression is modified by the viral infection. Analysis of both inoculated leaves and upper young leaves were performed 7 days after the inoculation with the virus (or with only buffer for the healthy plants).
Project description:After 5 days of grown in a fresh medium (5% PCV at day0), CdCl2 was added to tested cells (Cad) to a final concentration of 200uM. Nothing was added to control cells (Tem). After 12 and 24 hours of growth +/- cadmium, cells were harvested and frozen in liquid nitrogen.
Project description:To elucidate the mechanisms underlying the perturbation of tumor vascularization in Pparb/ mice we performed matrigel plug assays23. Matrigel containing prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2) was injected subcutaneously into both wild-type and Pparb/ mice where it formed semi-solid plugs. These plugs became rapidly invaded by AQP-1 positive cells. To analyze differences between Pparb+/+ and Pparb/ samples we compare the gene expression profile of both samples by microarray analysis.
Project description:1. Comparison of two near isogenic lines between which the genome differs only for the region of the leaf-yellowing QTL Y3-4 on chromosome III.<br> Experiment description: <br><br> The lines HIF404-Sha and HIF404-Bay were grown on 3 mM nitrate in growth chamber according to Loudet et al . (2002, TAG 104:1173-84) until phenotypic yellowing symptoms differed between them. Plants were collected 49 days after sowing.<br><br> 2. Comparison of sugar effect on the leaf senescence progress using three RIL from the Bay-0 x shahdara population that exhibited differential leaf yellowing symptoms.<br> Experiment description: The recombinant inbred lines RIL310 (hypersenescing and early-senescing), RIL232 (early--senescing) et RIL045 (late-senescing) were grown in petri dishes (4,7 mM Nitrogen, with (LNG) or without (LN) glucose 2% until some difference of Fv/Fm trait can be observed (Wingler et al. 2004, New Phytol, 161 : 781-789). Growth experiments were performed in A. Wingler lab, University College of London.
Project description:The aim of the experiment was to analyse the modification of the change in expression of genes encoding enzymes involved in the modification of cell wall polysaccharide structure during development.
Project description:The study aims at determining the genes that are induced or repressed by cold in the suspension cells. It also aims at monitoring the effect of inhibitors of PLC (U73122 vs. U73343) and PLD (ethanol vs. tertiary butanol) on cold response at the transcription level. To answer this question we chose a pharmacological approach. We decided to use molecules that are going to inhibit PLC or PLD. For PLC we use U73122 and its inactive analog as a control; for PLD we used a primary alcohol (ethanol) and a tertiary alcohol (tert-butanol) as a control. We therefore extracted RNA after the following treatments:<br> 4 °C<br> 22 °C<br> 4 °C + 0.9% primary-ethanol<br> 4 °C + 0.9% tertiary-butanol<br> 4 °C + 60 micromolaire U73122<br> 4 °C + 60 micromolaire U73343<br> The exposure at 4 °C was 4 hours.