MicroRNAs play a critical role in many essential cellular functions in the mammalian species. However, limited information is available regarding the regulation of miRNAs gene transcription. Microarray profiling and real-time PCR analysis revealed a marked down-regulation of miR-206 in nuclear receptor SHP(-/-) mice. To understand the regulatory function of SHP with regard to miR-206 gene expression, we determined the putative transcriptional initiation site of miR-206 and also its full length p ...[more]
Project description:The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is associated with lymphoid and epithelial cancers. Initial EBV infection alters lymphocyte gene expression, inducing cellular proliferation and differentiation as the virus transitions through consecutive latency transcription programs. Cellular microRNAs (miRNAs) are important regulators of signaling pathways and are implicated in carcinogenesis. The extent to which EBV exploits cellular miRNAs is unknown. Using micro-array analysis and quantitative PCR, we demonstrate differential expression of cellular miRNAs in type III versus type I EBV latency including elevated expression of miR-21, miR-23a, miR-24, miR-27a, miR-34a, miR-146a and b, and miR-155. In contrast, miR-28 expression was found to be lower in type III latency. The EBV-mediated regulation of cellular miRNAs may contribute to EBV signaling and associated cancers. There were two major objectives for this study. The first objective was to determine whether EBV infected cells exhibiting type I latency influence cellular microRNA expression. For this study, four EBV negative derivatives of the type I latency cell line, Mutu I, were derived by retroviral infection with a dominant negative from of the EBV episomal replication factor, EBNA1. RNA from these four clones were compared to parental EBV positive Mutu I cells. Four dual labeling experiments were carried out for this comparison with dye reversal for every second pair of RNAs. The second objective was to determine whether EBV type III latency cells exhibit altered cellular microRNA gene expression compared to type I latency cells or EBV negative B cells. Four dual labeling experiments were carried out for this analysis with dye reversal for every second pair of RNAs.
Project description:To investigate whether and what miRNAs expression might be regulated by VSV (vesicular stomatitis virus?) challenge, we analyzed the miRNA expression profile of mouse primary peritoneal macrophages infected with VSV by using an array-based miRNA profiling. After the infection of VSV at MOI 10 for 48 h, the array revealed that many miRNAs were up-regulated in macrophages?
Project description:miRNA expression profiling of Pinellia pedatisecta leaves comparing Pinellia ternata leaves in the same condition. Then we compared the accumulation of known miRNA families using microarray signals to identify further the differential miRNA expression between Pinellia pedatisecta and Pinellia ternata. Pinellia pedatisecta vs Pinellia ternata, independently grown and harvested. Each sample are mixed. One replicate per array.