RNAi knockdown of SCAI in human mammary carcinoma cells
ABSTRACT: To investigate the role of SCAI (suppressor of cancer cell invasion) on gene expression, MDAMB-231 mammary carcinoma cells were transfected by SCAI siRNA and global mRNA expression profiling was performed in comparison to mock siRNA transfecte cells. Experiments were performed in three independent biological replica.
Project description:We integrated metabolome and proteome profiles of the parental cell line 143B.TK- versus ρ0, including PTM analyses such as phosphorylation and ubiquitination to characterize the impact of the absence of mtDNA for the entire cell. For quantitative proteome profiling, we used a shotgun LC-MS/MS approach including the classical SILAC labeling. For comprehensive metabolome profiling, we applied a targeted LC-MS approach, based on multiple reaction monitoring (MRM).</br></br>Our study revealed that mtDNA depletion leads to a non-uniform down-regulation of the mitochondrial energy metabolism in ρ0 cells on the proteome level. Metabolites of the TCA cycle were highly dysregulated which in turn had an impact on the amino acid levels, which were up regulated. Perturbation of the mitochondrial energy metabolism could lead to an activation of the retrograde response, indicated by sets of up-regulated signaling pathways in ρ0 cells, further supported by altered phosphorylation in signaling pathways and the cytoskeleton as well as de-ubiquitination of SLC transporters.
Project description:Phenotypic plasticity, the ability of one genotype to express different phenotypes in response to changing environmental conditions, is one of the most common phenomena characterising the living world and is not only relevant for the ecology but also for the evolution of species. Daphnia, the waterflea, is a textbook example for predator induced phenotypic plastic defences including changes in life-history, behaviour and morphology. However, the analysis of molecular mechanisms underlying these inducible defences is still in its early stages.<br><br>We exposed Daphnia magna to chemical cues of the predator Triops cancriformis to identify key processes underlying plastic defensive trait formation. D. magna is known to develop an array of morphological changes in the presence of T. cancriformis including changes of carapace morphology and cuticle hardening. To get a more comprehensive idea of this phenomenon, we studied four different genotypes originating from habitats with different predation history, reaching from predator-free to temporary habitats containing T. cancriformis.<br><br>We analysed the morphologies as well as proteomes of predator-exposed and control animals. Three genotypes showed morphological changes when the predator was present. Using a high-throughput proteomics approach, we found 294 proteins which were significantly altered in their abundance after predator exposure in a general or genotype dependant manner. Proteins connected to genotype dependant responses were related to the cuticle, protein synthesis and calcium binding whereas the yolk protein vitellogenin increased in abundance in all genotypes, indicating their involvement in a more general response. Furthermore, genotype dependant responses at the proteome level correlated well with local adaptation to Triops predation.<br><br>Altogether, our study provides new insights concerning genotype dependant and general molecular processes involved in predator-induced phenotypic plasticity in D. magna.
Project description:Mutant p53 proteins, resulting form frequent TP53 tumor suppressor missense mutations, possess gain-of-function activities and are among the most widespread and robust oncoproteins in human tumors. They are potentially important but understudied therapeutic targets. No studies to date have distinguished common, therapeutically relevant mutant p53 gain-of-function effects, from effects specific to different mutant variants and cell backgrounds. Here we identify 26S proteasome machinery as the common downstream effector controlled by mutant p53s in Triple Negative Breast Cancer (TNBC - aggressive carcinomas with TP53 as the most frequently mutated locus) and conserved in other human cancers. We have identified this pathway using a combination of single-model, multi-method vertical analysis (whole cell proteome, RNA sequencing an ChIP sequencing) and multi-cell line, horizontal analysis of transcriptiomes. We found that different missense mutant p53s regardless of the cell background transcriptionaly activate whole 26S proteasome machinery. Proteasome activity is significantly increased in p53 mutant versus wild-type or knockdown/null status - in cellular and mouse models as well as in human breast tumors. Increased proteasome activity leads to inhibition of tumor suppressive pathways. The control of mutant p53 over proteasome transcription and activity results in the increased resistance to proteasome inhibitors. By combining the mutant p53 targeting agents and proteasome inhibitor we were able to overcome the “bounce-back” proteasome inhibitor resistance mechanism in mutant p53 bearing TNBC cells and xenografts in vivo.
Project description:White clover mosaic virus (WCMV) is a major pathogen of white clover (Trifolium repens L.), with significant effects on yield and persistence. Due to the absence of natural sources of WCMV resistance a transgenic strategy has been employed to produce plants constitutively expressing WCMV replicase gene derivatives, designed to inhibit the propagation of WCMV through an RNA silencing mechanism. A 12,000 feature oligonucleotide microarray has been used to identify global changes in host plant, in addition to virus genome-encoded gene expression associated with WCMV infection in non-transgenic and transgenic WCMV-resistant white clover. Pairwise comparison between the transcriptome of mock-inoculated non-transgenic and WCMV-inoculated transgenic plants provides clear evidence for substantial equivalence between these two genotype/treatments, and demonstrate the efficacy of the transgenic strategy. WCMV- inoculated non-transgenic plants exhibit elevated abundance of many virus-encoded, and host immune response-specific transcripts compared to the transgenic resistant plants or mock-inoculated non-transgenic plants. By contrast, relative to inoculated sensitive plants, the majority of significantly up-regulated genes in mock-inoculated non-transgenic plants or WCMV-inoculated transgenic plants are markers of healthy cellular function. These results, and the occurrence of levels of WCMV-encoded transcripts in inoculated transgenic plants equivalent to those in virus-free plants, confirm the validity of the transgenic RNA silencing approach.<br>
Project description:Transcriptional profiling of MDA-MB-231 samples taken at 0, 1, 2 and 4hr timepoints upon exposure to alpha-amanitine, comparing the siRNA-mediated HNRPA2B1 knock-downs versus mock-transfected controls 4 biological replicates for each time point for the siRNA transfections and controls respectively
Project description:Cells of MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell-line were transfected with siRNA against Runx2, CBF-beta or non-specific siRNA used as control. Runx2 is a member of the Runx transcription factor family and possesses a Runt domain capable of binding to the consensus DNA sequence ACC(A/G)CA. This domain also interacts with the co-activator protein core binding factor beta (CBF-beta), which enhances its binding to DNA. Runx2, primarily identified as a master regulator of bone development, but was also found expressed in the epithelium of the nascent mammary gland in mice. In contrast with its normal role in breast, it has been shown that Runx2 is over-expressed in breast cancer cell lines.
Project description:The objective of this study is to identify genes involved in arsenic stress and more particularly to see whether the presence of arsenic can highlight a link between mobility and oxidation