Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 20100104 4
MYCN, a proto-oncogene normally expressed in the migrating neural crest, is in its amplified state a key factor in the genesis of human neuroblastoma (NB). However, the mechanisms underlying MYCN-mediated NB progression are poorly understood. Here, we present a MYCN-induced miRNA signature in human NB involving the activation and transrepression of several miRNA genes from paralogous clusters. Several family members derived from the miR-17 approximately 92 cluster, including miR-18a and miR-19a, ...[more]
Project description:Increasing evidence suggests that CRS is a heterogeneous group of sinus disorders involving overlapping but distinct disease entities.The factors leading to different CRS phenotypes remain enigmatic. The role of miRNAs in the regulation of immunological and inflammatory processes is beginning to emerge.Thus, we examined microRNAs expression profiles in eosinophilic CRSwNP adn CRSsNP. Compared with controls, 31 differentially expressed miRNAs (30 downregulated and 1 upregulated miRNAs) in eosinophilic CRSwNP and 4 differentially expressed miRNAs (2 downregulated and 2 upregulated miRNAs) in CRSsNP were indentified. Real time RT-PCR was subsequently performed to verify the miRNA microarray result. Examination of miRNAs expression in eosinophilic CRSwNP and CRSsNP
Project description:Comparison of miRNA expression profiles in cervical carcinoma cell lines to study the effects of Drosha expression levels Analyzed global miRNA expression profiles from 18 samples (7 samples in duplicate, 4 single sample) representing cervical carcinoma cell lines with either relative Drosha over-expression (Cluster 2) or Drosha under-expression (Cluster 1), due to wild-type expression in those cell lines or manipulation with RNAi.
Project description:To investigate the role of miRNAs in the etiology of idiopathic PD, we conducted global miRNA expression profiling in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of PD patients and controls. Total RNA was extracted from the PBMCs of 19 PD patients and 13 controls, labeled and hybridized to Exiqon microarrays spotted with probes for 733 human miRNAs.
Project description:Sixth generation Exiqon® locked nucleic acid miRCURY™ LNA microarrays were used to search and validate some unidentified miRNAs that regulate EMT in head and neck cancer carcinoma. MiRNA array screening was performed to identify the differential expression of miRNAs involved in EMT in natural epithelial - mesenchymal phenotype cell line pair（HN-4, HN-12) and in TGF-β induced EMT models (HN-4 TGF-β,HN-4). HN-4 parental cell was served as the control.One µg total RNA from sample and control was labeled with Hy5™ and Hy3™ fluorescent label, respectively, using the miRCURY™ LNA Array power labeling kit (Exiqon, Denmark) following the procedure described by the manufacturer.
Project description:We identify a panel of microRNAs that are differentially expressed during both spontaneous and LPS-induced DC maturation and show the M-CSF receptor (M-CSFR) as a key target for microRNA-mediated regulation. MicroRNA-22, -34a and -155 are up-regulated in mature GM-CSF-generated DC and mediate M-CSFR mRNA and protein down-regulation.
Project description:Comparison of miRNA expression profiles in malignant germ cell tumors compared to non-malignant control group. Use of bioinformatic algorithm Sylamer to interrogate mRNA expression profiles from malignant germ cell tumors for enrichment or depletion of binding sites for differentially expressed miRNAs. Use of Gene Ontology (GO) analysis to demonstrate functional significance of differentially expressed miRNAs in malignant germ cell tumors. mRNA profiling: Analyzed global mRNA expresion profiles from 21 pediatric samples (17 malignant germ cell tumors, 1 benign germ cell tumor and 3 gonadal controls) using Sylamer (van Dongen et al, Nature Methods 2008, PMID 18978784) to study functional significance of differentially expressed miRNAs in malignant germ cell tumors. 16 of these files previously published - Palmer et al, Cancer Research 2008, PMID 18519683; GEO Accession Number GSE10615. Similarly, re-analyzed published global mRNA expresion profiles from 25 adult samples (20 malignant germ cell tumors and 5 testis controls) using Sylamer (van Dongen et al, Nature Methods 2008, PMID 18978784) to study functional significance of differentially expressed miRNAs in malignant germ cell tumors. These files previously published - Korkola at al, Cancer Research 2006, PMID 16424014; GEO Accession Number GSE3218. miRNA profiling: Analyzed global miRNA expression files from 48 samples including 32 pediatric gonadal and extragonadal germ cell tumors, 2 adult testicular seminomas, 8 gonadal and developmental control samples and 6 germ cell tumor cell lines. Re-analyzed published data (TaqMan MicroRNA Assays) from study of miRNA expression in adult gonadal germ cell tumors (Gillis et al, J Pathol 2007, PMID 17893849) and compared with pediatric findings. Re-analyzed data linked below as supplementary file.
Project description:The aim of this experiment is to determine microRNAs that are diffferentially regulated in allergic airway inflammation. MicroRNA expression profile between untreated and doxycycline treated CC10-IL13 bitransgenic mice
Project description:Dioxin-like chemicals are well-known for their ability to upregulate expression of numerous genes via the AH receptor (AHR). However, recent transcriptomic analyses in several laboratories indicate that dioxin-like chemicals or AHR genotype itself also can downregulate levels of mRNAs encoded by numerous genes. The mechanism responsible for such downregulation is unknown. We hypothesized that microRNAs (miRNAs), which have emerged as powerful negative regulators of mRNA levels in several systems, might be responsible for mRNA downregulation in dioxin/AHR pathways. We used the Exiqon miRNA array platform as well as quantitative RT-PCR to measure miRNA levels in dioxin-sensitive Long-Evans (Turku/AB; L-E) rats. Treatment with 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) for 96 hr in vivo caused few changes in miRNA levels in rat livers and those changes that were statistically significant were of modest magnitude. Feed-restricted-control L-E rats were included to ensure that changes in miRNA levels were due to TCDD-treatment per se and not the result of the decreased feed intake which occurs in dioxin-sensitive strains within 96 h after TCDD exposure. Manuscript Submitted: Moffat ID, Boutros PC, Celius T, Pohjanvirta R & Okey AB. Micro-RNAs in rodent liver are refractory to dioxin treatment. Toxicological Sciences May, 2007. Keywords: miRNA expression, response to xenobiotics, feed restriction response A loop design used to profile miRNA levels from dioxin-sensitive L-E AHRWT/WT vehicle-control rats (LC96), those exposed to TCDD for 96 h (LT96), and feed-restricted (LF96) rats.