Project description:Transcriptome analysis of Oct4 null and wild type preimplantation mouse embryos by RNA-sequencing N=3 embryos of two genotypes (+/+ or -/-) at each of three time points (E2.5, E3.75, E4.5) were sequenced.
Project description:Pre-implantation embryos derived by in vitro fertilization differ in their developmental potential from embryos obtained in vivo. In order to characterize changes in gene expression profiles caused by in vitro culture environment, we employed microarray constructed from bovine embryo-specific cDNAs (BlueChip v., Université Laval, Québec) to compare in vitro cultured and in vivo derived bovine embryos at 4-cell and 8-cell stage. Analysis directly compared RNA samples from pool of 20 in vivo derived 4-cell stage embryos to RNA samples from pool of 20 in vitro cultured 4-cell stage embryos and RNA samples from pool of 20 in vivo derived 8-cell stage embryos to RNA samples from pool of 20 in vitro cultured 8-cell stage embryos. Three technical replicates, including one dye-swap array were prepared for each developmental stage (4-cell stage, 8-cell stage, respectively) .
Project description:The oocyte-to-embryo transition (OET) is thought to be mainly driven by post-transcriptional gene regulation. However, expression of both RNAs and proteins during the OET has not been comprehensively assayed. Furthermore, specific molecular mechanisms that regulate gene expression during OET are largely unknown. Here, we quantify and analyze, transcriptome-wide, expression of mRNAs, small RNAs and thousands of proteins in C. elegans oocytes, 1-cell, and 2-cell embryos. This represents a first comprehensive gene expression atlas during the OET in animals. We discovered a first wave of degradation in which thousands of mRNAs are turned over shortly after fertilization. Sequence analysis revealed a statistically highly significant presence of a novel polyC motif in the 3' untranslated regions (3' UTRs) of most of these degraded mRNAs. Transgenic reporter assays showed that this polyC motif is indeed required and sufficient for mRNA degradation after fertilization. We show that orthologs of human poly-C binding-protein specifically bind this motif. Together, our data suggest a mechanism in which the polyC motif and binding partners direct degradation of maternal mRNAs. Our data also indicate that endogenous siRNAs but not miRNAs promote mRNA clearance during the OET. To study the OET in C.elegans we isolated large quantities of oocytes, 1-cell embryos, 2-cell embryos and sperm. We sequenced then sequenced polyA RNA.
Project description:The process of early development of mammals is subtly and accurately controlled by the regulation networks of embryo cells. Time course expression data measured at different stages during early embryo development process can give us valuable information by revealing the dynamic expression patterns of genes in genome wide scale. In this study, bovine embryo expression data were generated at oocyte, one cell stage, two cell stage, four cell stage, eight cell stage, sixteen cell stage, morula, and blastocyst; Human embryo expression data were generated at one cell stage, two cell stage, four cell stage, eight cell stage, morula, and blastocyst; Mouse embryo expression data were generated at one cell stage, two cell stage, four cell stage, eight cell stage, morula, and blastocyst. Experiment Overall Design: Bovine, Human, and Mouse embryos were harvested at successive stage from oocyte to blastocyste. Total RNAs were extracted, amplified and hybridized onto Affymetrix microarrays.
Project description:We are human embryologists from center for reproductive medicinel of Anhui Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Anhui Medical University, and we have the expertise to do all that properly in humans. By deep sequencing, the current experiment determined the miRNA profile of two intrafollicular somatic cell types: CRCs and COCs, isolated from women undergoing controlled ovarian stimulation and in vitro fertilization treatment. Ovarian follicles, which are a densely-packed shell of granulosa cells that contains an immature or mature oocyte, are above all responsible for the development, maturation, and release of mature egg for fertilization. They are also responsible for synthesizing and secreting hormones that are essential for follicular development, menstrual and estrous cycle, maintenance of the reproductive tracts and their functions, development of female secondary sex characteristics, and metabolism. During folliculogenesis, ovarian granulosa cells surrounding the oocyte differentiate into mural granulosa cells, involved in gonadal steroidogenesis, and into cumulus cells, which are ovulated with the oocyte at ovulation. These cumulus cells derive from the same population of early follicles, but differentiate into two distinct groups of cells: 1) Those directly lie on the zona pellucida are composed of the so called corona radiata cells.(CRCs) 2) The other group surrounds the CRCs and consists of more numerous cells, forming the so called cumulus oophorus cells (COCs). In the present study, we described the miRNA expression profile to characterize the ensemble of both known and novel miRNAs expressed in CRCs, as well as in COCs, by using high-throughput Solexa technology.
Project description:Development of the early embryo is thought to be mainly driven by maternal gene products and post-transcriptional gene regulation. Here, we used metabolic labeling to show that RNA can be transferred by sperm into the embryo. To identify genes with paternal expression in the embryo, we performed crosses of males and females from divergent C. elegans strains. RNA sequencing of mRNAs and small RNAs in the 1-cell hybrid embryo revealed that about two hundred paternal mRNAs are reproducibly expressed in the embryo, and that about half of assayed endogenous siRNAs and piRNAs are also of paternal origin. Together, our results suggest an unexplored paternal contribution to early development. To reveal the identity of paternal RNA molecules, we performed a cross of males and females from two divergent C. elegans strains because we reasoned that sequencing of embryonic RNA and SNP analysis should then identify and quantify maternal and paternal transcripts. These sequencing experiments were carried out in purified hybrid 1-cell embryos and comprised small RNAs and mRNAs. For comparison we sequenced mRNAs and small RNAs from the parental strains: paternal (Hawaiian males, CB4856) and maternal (fem-1(hc17ts)/TX189(OMA-1::GFP). For the annotation of strain specific mutations (SNPs) we sequenced mRNA and small RNAs extracted from whole worms. All experiments were performed in at least two independent biological replicates.
Project description:This study explores the synergistic effects of two model PAHs, an aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) agonist (β-naphthoflavone) and a cytochrome P4501A (CYP1A) inhibitor (α-naphthoflavone), on gene expression in stage 31 embryos from two different population. One population (Elizabeth River population) is relatively resistant to the pollutants in its environment. A loop design (Figure 5) was used for the microarray hybridizations where each sample is hybridized to 2 arrays using both Cy3 and Cy5 labeled fluorophores (Kerr and Churchill, 2001). The loop consisted of Cy3 and Cy5 labeled embryo aRNAs from 4 biological samples and six different treatments (T1-T6: control, 1 μg/L BNF, 50 μg/L ANF, 100 μg/L ANF, 1 μg/L BNF + 50 μg/L ANF, 1 μg/L BNF + 100 μg/L ANF). In total, 48 biological samples were hybridized to 24 microarrays. Each array had different combinations of biological samples, so that the most direct comparisons (i.e., 50 µg/L ANF resistant embryo and 50 µg/L sensitive embryo) are hybridized to the same array. The loop formed was T1S→ T1R → T2S→ T2R →T3S→ T3R→ T4S→ T4R→ T5S→ T5R → T6S→T6R→ T1S→ T2S → T3S → T4S → T5S → T6S → T1S → T1R → T2R → T3R → T4R → T5R → T6R, where each arrow represents a separate hybridization (array) with the biological sample at the base of the arrow labeled with Cy3 and the biological pool at the head of the arrow labeled with Cy5. T1-6 is treatment, and S and R represent sensitive and resistant embryos.
Project description:The maternal tract plays a critical role in the success of early embryonic development providing an optimal environment for establishment and maintenance of pregnancy. Preparation of this environment requires an intimate dialogue between the embryo and her mother. To advance our understanding of the process by which a foreign blastocyst is accepted by the maternal endometrium and better address the clinical challenges of infertility and pregnancy failure, it is imperative to decipher this complex molecular dialogue. The objective of the present work is to define the local response(s) of the maternal tract towards the embryo during the earliest stages of pregnancy. In order to identify the uterine gene expression modified in the presence of the embryo when compared to the oocyte we used a novel model that eliminated genetic variability. Using laparoscopic insemination one oviduct was inseminated with spermatozoa and the contralateral oviduct was injected with diluent. This model allowed us to obtain samples from the oviduct and the uterine horn containing either embryos or oocytes from the same sow. Uterine horn pig samples containing embryos at blastocyst stage and and their contralateral uterine horn containing oocytes from individual sows were collected for RNA isolation and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays. Three biological replicates were performed (n= 3 sows) and a total of 6 arrays were used for microarrays study (3 arrays for uterine horn samples containing embryos (inseminated-side) and 3 arrays for samples containing oocytes (non-inseminated side).
Project description:Treatment of oocytes derived from large (4-6 mm; LG) or small (>3 mm; SM) follicles with glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) during in vitro maturation. Four-condition experiment, SM and LG oocytes, each with and without GDNF. Biological replicates: 9 per condition, independently collected. Pools of three replicates per array.